MEPs are set to adopt new laws to improve the lives of Europeans in the autumn, including on energy security, gender equality and artificial intelligence.
State of the Union
In her third State of the Union address, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will outline the Commission’s main priorities and challenges for the coming 12 months. MEPs will scrutinise its work over the past year and make sure that the key concerns of Europeans are addressed, such as energy security and climate change. The debate will take place in Strasbourg on 14 September.
Energy security has emerged as a key concern since Russia's invasion of Ukraine, which has led to a precipitous jump in oil and gas prices across Europe and the world. Parliament is expected to vote on measures to reduce the EU’s reliance on Russian fossil fuels and ramp up the production of green energy, including new rules on renewables and energy efficiency.
Parliament is set to green-light rules establishing a single charger for electronic devices such as mobile phones, tablets and headsets. By autumn 2024, USB Type-C will become the standard charger in the EU regardless of the manufacturer. The change will reduce electronic waste and make consumers’ lives easier.
Follow-up of the Conference on the Future of Europe
MEPs will follow up on the 49 proposals for EU reform put forward by participants of the Conference on the Future of Europe, which concluded on 9 May. A feedback event will take place in the autumn to keep citizens informed and explain what progress has been made.
The first EU legislation on adequate minimum wages is set to be adopted by Parliament in September. It requires EU countries to make sure their national statutory minimum wage allows for a decent standard of living. MEPs expect the rules will result in real wage growth and help reduce in-work poverty and the gender pay gap.
Parliament will also vote on new rules on the use of artificial intelligence (AI). The so-called Artificial Intelligence Act should unlock AI’s potential in fields such as health, the environment and climate change. MEPs want the EU to take the lead in this field, setting clear standards that reflect EU values and ensure fundamental rights are protected.
Gender equality in the workplace
Parliament is expected to green-light a bill to increase parity on boards in big companies. The Women on Boards Directive will introduce transparent recruitment procedures in companies, so that at least 40% of non-executive director posts or 33% of all director posts are occupied by the under-represented sex.
MEPs will also start negotiations with Council on the Pay Transparency Directive, which would oblige certain companies to disclose the salaries of men and women in the same position and function, making it easier to compare salaries and expose gender pay gaps.
MEPs will move forward on a directive to improve the rights of workers of digital platforms, such as Uber and Deliveroo. The proposed rules aim to ensure that these workers are granted employment status corresponding to their working arrangements.
It is estimated that nine out of ten platforms in the EU currently classify people working through them as self-employed. Of the 28 million people working through platforms, 5.5 million may be currently misclassified. As a result, some people working through digital labour platforms are denied the labour and social rights that would come with employment status.
MEPs will vote on a legal framework for crypto-assets in the EU. The rules agreed by Parliament and the Council in June include measures against market manipulation and preventing money laundering, terrorist financing and other criminal activities. It also aims to better inform consumers about risks, costs and charges related to crypto-assets, including cryptocurrencies and Non-Fungible Tokens (NFT).
In December, Parliament will award the annual Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, which honours individuals and organisations defending human rights and democracy worldwide. Last year, the prize was awarded to Russian opposition leader and anti-corruption activist Alexei Navalny.