- reduce regional disparities
- adequate budget needed
- simplify procedures and improve synergies
- increase visibility of structural funds
An adequate budget, synergies between funds and simplification can improve EU’s post-2020 cohesion policy aimed at reducing regional disparities.
The existing cohesion policy has mitigated the impact of the recent economic crisis and that of austerity measures, but regional disparities and social inequalities remain high, say MEPs in a resolution adopted by 350 votes to 149, with 171 abstentions.
They call for consolidated action in the post-2020 cohesion policy to reduce these disparities, and to prevent new ones from developing in all types of regions.
Key proposals to improve the post-2020 cohesion policy:
- an adequate budget
- better synergies between funds
- the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) “should not undermine the strategic coherence, territorial concentration and long-term perspective of cohesion policy programming”
- simplifying its overall management system at all governance levels
- harmonisation between cohesion policy and competition policy, in particular regarding state aid rules
- keeping grants as the basis of its financing, whilst the use of loans, equity or guarantees “should be used with caution”
For more information on the funds received by each member state click on the interactive map (EU Commission website)
Find all projects funded by regional policy in your country here.
The rapporteur, Kerstin Westphal (S&D, DE), said: “The EU structural funds create jobs and help deal with problems like climate change. They are a driving force for growth and sustainable development. The Parliament sends out today a clear signal about how important retaining cohesion policy is. We want a modern, non-bureaucratic cohesion policy, one which provides funding where necessary, for all regions, designed for people and simpler.
Boost visibility of Structural Funds
In a separate resolution adopted by 469 votes to 51, with 13 abstentions, MEPs propose ways to increase the visibility of EU cohesion policy, as one of the most recent Eurobarometer studies revealed that only one third of EU citizens are aware of the positive impact of EU investments in the regions where they live. MEPs point to the “increase in Euroscepticism and in anti-European populist propaganda that distorts information on Union policies” .
Improving access to information by creating a communication strategy for digital and social media and highlighting the benefits that cohesion policy brings to the real economy (i.e. by fostering innovation and creating jobs and growth) could enhance the visibility of cohesion policy, say MEPs.
The rapporteur, Daniel Buda (EPP, RO), said: “The communication methods on the results of European structural investments have not been the most effective so far and they are different in each and every member state. A better coordination among public authorities, social and economic partners and civil society is needed in order to better communicate the goals of the EU and increase the interest of citizens in the European projects.”
Procedure: non-legislative resolutions