- Better access to telephone and internet networks
- A step closer to 5G
- Lower intra-EU fees for fixed and mobile calls
- Governments obliged to put in place an alert system for emergencies (“reverse 112”)
- New measures to protect against hacking
Long-distance intra-EU calls should cost the same as calling within the same country, according to a draft law approved on Monday.
The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) voted on Monday evening on an update of EU rules on telecoms. The objective is to improve access to networks across the EU, including making 5G connections available to all citizens. The bill, still to be agreed with EU Ministers, also provides for measures to protect consumers.
Cost of long-distance calls
EU communications companies should justify when they charge additional fees to users calling from mobiles or landlines to another EU member state, committee MEPs agreed. The Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) would set out guidelines on how service providers could recover the costs they incur in other ways.
Reverse 112 to alert in the event of a terrorist attack
A “reverse 112 system” was also introduced by committee MEPs, enabling national authorities to alert citizens in the event of imminent major emergencies and disasters, such as a terrorist attack or a natural catastrophe, using geo-localisation tools. This system aims to reduce casualties by instructing people on what to do if they are in danger.
Protection from hacking
MEPs also want the use of end-to-end encryption to be mandatory to protect the confidentiality of communications. Users should be informed of risks resulting from a security incident and possible protective measures or solutions that they can take.
New rules for businesses
The reform of EU telecoms markets aims to:
- stimulate competition and reduce differences in practices among national antitrust bodies
- encourage bigger and longer-term investments in network infrastructures
- provide consumers with faster connections, including 5G
In addition, MEPs want licences for the radio spectrum for telecoms companies to last 25 years to incentivise investments. They should be subject to a review after at least 10 years, to ensure they are being used efficiently. MEPs also want reserve prices (i.e. price set for a bid) and licensing fees to reflect real market conditions.
Finally, companies providing electronic communications services in more than one member state will benefit from a home market regime, i.e. the same conditions as local companies.
Setting up of BEREC
The committee finally voted on a separate draft legislation, still part of the same package of proposals, for the establishment of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC), with the objective of implementing electronic communications legislation consistently across the Union.
Informal negotiations with EU Ministers are expected to start promptly, once plenary has approved the negotiating mandate.
Procedure: ordinary legislative procedure, first reading (vote on mandate for trilogues)