- All member states must now reduce greenhouse gas emissions in line with a stricter trajectory
- More transparency and less flexibility to borrow, bank and transfer allowances
- The additional reserve should be abolished
MEP’s call for stricter regulation of greenhouse gas emissions in member states including fewer options to exceed quotas.
On Tuesday, the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted its report on the effort sharing regulation which sets binding annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions for EU member states and currently regulates roughly 60 % of EU emissions. The report was adopted with 61 votes for, 20 against and 6 abstentions.
The Commission has proposed to increase the mandatory GHG reduction 2030-target at EU level from 30 % to 40 %. For the first time, all EU member states must now reduce greenhouse gas emission with targets ranging between 10-50 %. See the national targets here.
More transparency and less flexibility
The report underlines that it is important to have more transparency on member state actions under the effort sharing regulation in order to be able to hold them better accountable.
MEPs wish to minimise the possibility to borrow emission allowances from the following year, by reducing the limit for borrowing compared to the proposal by the Commission.
They also want to lower the limit for how much member states can bank their emission allowances to the following years, should they exceed their mandatory reductions.
MEPs furthermore request restrictions on the possibility for member states to trade allowances with other member states and any proceeds from emissions trading within the ESR must be allocated to climate action. They also want to remove the possibility for member states to receive additional GHG emission-allowances through the so-called additional reserve.
In addition, the report calls for more attention to GHG emissions from biomass-burning installations to ensure that the usage of sustainable fuels does not result in more emissions than fossil fuels.
Finally, MEPs want the Commission to present one or more EU-wide targets for the reduction of non-CO2 emissions by July 2023 to ensure that the EU will become climate neutral by 2050 as laid down in the EU Climate Law.
After the vote, rapporteur Jessica Polfjärd (EPP, SV) said: “This is one of the key instruments for the EU to deliver on our climate agenda. For the first time, we are now on track to build a strong majority in the European Parliament to oblige all member states to reduce their emissions. This will send a strong signal to the Council: now is the time to turn the EU climate law into concrete action.”
The report will be put to vote during the next plenary session 6-9 June in Strasbourg.
The Effort Sharing Regulation is part of the “Fit for 55 in 2030 package", which is the EU’s plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55 % by 2030 compared to 1990 levels in line with the European Climate Law.