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Parliamentary questions
1 March 2011
Answer given by Mr Piebalgs on behalf of the Commission

1. The US and other donors committed, at the July 2010 Kabul Conference, to seek greater alignment and harmonisation of assistance. Aid remains however fragmented, and donor coordination weak.

In addition, US official development assistance (ODA) comes from a wide range of budgetary sources managed by different agencies and departments, each operating with a significant degree of autonomy. The US contracts the implementation of a large part of its assistance to the private sector whereas other donors apply a mixed approach — some via Multi Donor Trust Funds, some through centrally or partially decentralised programmes, some through NGOs or through technical assistance.

Japan is currently the second largest donor, with a USD 5 billion programme (2009‑14), focusing on security, reintegration, and development/reconstruction (mostly physical) and is expected to further increase in future.

The main EU Member State contributors in terms of ODA (United Kingdom (UK), Germany, Italy, France and the Netherlands) have provided approximately EUR 700 million p.a. in aid to Afghanistan over the last two years. The UK and Germany plan to increase their aid, which is concentrated in the regions in which they are militarily present, and is channelled through their Provincial Reconstruction Teams.

EU funding promotes stability and poverty reduction. The current Multi Annual Indicative Programme 2011‑13 under the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) focuses on the three focal sectors of Rural Development, Governance and Rule of Law, and Heath and Social Protection, with the addition of Regional Cooperation as non‑focal sector. For this period, an amount of EUR 600 million is foreseen.

In addition to bilateral cooperation under the DCI, Afghanistan benefits from regional programmes for Asia, in particular the Aid for Uprooted People programme, as well as from support through DCI thematic programmes like the food security thematic programme (FSTP) and the programme on Non State Actors (NSA). Additional financing comes as well from the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) , and the Instrument for Stability. These programmes are consistent with the bilateral cooperation. Afghanistan also benefits from the facility for rapid response to soaring food process (Food Facility). Humanitarian assistance (governed by specific principles) is also provided by the EU.

2. For EU funds, the Commission has various procedures in place to minimise the risks of misuse of funds. As regards EU funding through international organisations, systems are in place for monitoring and checking the management of EU funds e.g. checking those organisations' compliance with international accounting, control, audit and procurement standards, reporting, verification for UN-administered Trust Funds (under the Financial and Administrative Framework Agreement between the Commission and the UN). The Commission provides regular information on these issues to the European Parliament: http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/who/partners/international-organisations/index_en.htm

The Commission also conducts financial and system audits of organisation's or NGOs' capacity to manage funds through a grant agreement or other instruments.

OJ C 279 E, 23/09/2011
Last updated: 24 March 2011Legal notice