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Procedūra : 2013/2669(RSP)
Procedūros eiga plenarinėje sesijoje
Dokumento priėmimo eiga : B7-0299/2013

Pateikti tekstai :

B7-0299/2013

Debatai :

PV 13/06/2013 - 12.3
CRE 13/06/2013 - 12.3

Balsavimas :

PV 13/06/2013 - 13.3

Priimti tekstai :

P7_TA(2013)0286

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 130kWORD 73k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0295/2013
11.6.2013
PE509.932v01-00
 
B7-0299/2013

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law

pursuant to Rule 122 of the Rules of Procedure


on the situation of Rohingya Muslims (2013/2669(RSP))


Barbara Lochbihler, Jean Lambert, Nicole Kiil-Nielsen, Jean-Jacob Bicep, Franziska Keller, Raül Romeva i Rueda, on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

European Parliament resolution on the situation of Rohingya Muslims (2013/2669(RSP))  
B7‑0299/2013

The European Parliament,

– having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 10 December 1948,

 

– having regard to the International Covenant on Civiland Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966,

 

– having regard to its previous resolutions on Burma/Myanmar, in particular those of 20 April 2012, 13 September 2012 and 22 November 2012,

 

– having regard to the EU Foreign Affairs Council conclusions of 22 April 2013 on Burma- Myanmar,

 

– having regard to its resolution on reinstatement of Myanmar/Burma's access to generalised tariff preferences of 23 May 2013,

 

- having regard to the report of the visit of its Subcommittee on Human Rights to Burma on 1-4 April 2013,

 

 

– having regard to the 1951 UN Convention on the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol thereto,

 

– having regard to the report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation of Burma/Myanmar, Mr Tomas Ojea Quintana, of 6 March 2013

 

- having regard to the Resolution on the situation of Human Rights in Myanmar of the UN Human Rights Council Resolution adopted on 21 March 2013

 

– having regard to the Statement by the spokesperson of EU High Representative

Catherine Ashton of 23 March 2013 on the violent clashes in the town of Meiktila town in Burma/Myanmar,

 

– having regard to the statement by EU High Representative Catherine Ashton of 27 November 2012 on the 2012 UNGA resolution on the situation of human rights in Myanmar,

 

– having regard to the Statement by the Spokesperson of High Representative Catherine Ashton of 1 June 2013 on the agreement concluded between the Government of Myanmar/Burma and the Kachin Independence Organisation,

 

– having regard to the statement of EU Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response, Kristalina Georgieva of 9 August 2012 on the situation of Rohingya Muslims,

 

– having regard to the statement by Aun San Suu Kyi of 27 May 2013 about the ‘two-child policy’ for Rohingya Muslims,

 

– having regard to the decision taken at the ASEAN Summit in November 2011 to confer the ASEAN Presidency on Burma/Myanmar in 2014,

 

- having regard to the recent Human Rights Watch report ‘All you can do is pray’

 

– having regard to Rule 122(5) of its Rules of Procedure,

 

 

 

·  Whereas the sectarian violence which which mainly targeted the Rohingya minority in the Rakhine State in June and October 2012 resulted in the burning of property, destruction of places of worship and a rising death toll with hundreds of Rohingya estimated to have died;

·  Whereas close to 130000 displaced Rohingyas, remaining in camps and other areas, have been denied access to humanitarian aid and freedom of movement and continue to suffer persistent persecution many months after the outbreak of violence; whereas many of them are confined to flood prone areas where they are particularly exposed to the monsoon rains and threatening cyclones

·  Whereas tens of thousands of Rohingyas have fled the country by sea, with hopes of reaching Bangladesh, Malaysia or Tailand and whereas hundreds have lost their lives through sinking boats or by being pushed back into the sea;whereas close to 1700 Rohingya fleeing Burma were reported to be held in horrendous conditions in Thai immigration detention centres;

·  Whereas acts of sectarian violence have recently occurred in other parts of the country; whereas the dramatic situation of the Rohingyas and the overall inter-ethnic situation have the potential to undermine the entire reform process in Burma/Myanmar; whereas credible independent reports point to the complicity of the Burmese authorities in crimes against humanity against the Rohingyas which have resulted in a largely segregated Rakhine state along religious lines

·  Whereas international human rights organizations have uncovered evidence of four mass-grave sites in Rakhine State;

·  Whereas the Government of Burma/Myanmar has recently announced that it will reinstate a two-child policy, which had fallen into disuse, for Rohingya in Buthidaung and Maugdaw townships in North Rakhine State, arguing that the policy would decrease tensions;

·  Whereas this has been a long-standing issue for the EU, and one where the EU has been engaged in supporting the expelled Rohingya minority outside Burma/Myanmar borders for some years now while seeking a longer term solution;

·  whereas the international community has urged the Burmese Government to revise its 1982 Citizenship Law in line with international standards in order to settle the problem of the statelessness of the Rohingya population, and to address the root causes of longstanding discrimination against the Rohingya population;

·  Whereas under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone has the right to seek asylum from persecution;

·  Whereas Dr Tun Aung, a 65 year-old medical doctor and respected community leader from Rakhine State, was arrested in June 2012 and sentenced to 17 years of prison on what have been widely denounced by human rights groups, including Amnesty International, as politically motivated charges;

1. Condemns the grave and persistent violations of human rights committed against the Rohingya population in Burma/Myanmar and the alleged complicity of state security forces, including the border guard force the Nasaka, in these violations,

2. Calls on the government to end all forms of persecution and discrimination against Rohingya Muslims, including lifting restrictions of their freedom of movement and to investigate and prosecute all persons regardless of position and rank, implicated in serious human rights abuses in Rakhine State;

3. Deplores the failure of the government to protect the Rohingya population from organised violence following statements in public by extremist Buddhist monks promoting ethnic cleansing

4.  'Urges all political actors in Burma/Myanmar to engage in constructive dialogue on improving the situation of Rohingya Muslims, which up till now has been regrettably lacking; takes note of President U Thein Sein's promise that all perpetrators of violence will be prosecuted, and his commitment to a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic and multi-faith society;

 

5. Welcomes in this respect also the recent declaration by opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi in protest of the re-introduction of the two child policy for Rohingyas

6. Calls on the Burmese government to implement the recommendations of the UN Special Rapporteur on Myanmar

7. Urges the government to authorise the establishment of an OHCHR office in Myanmar with branch offices in the provinces in order to allow for adequate monitoring of the human rights situation in the country

8. Urges the Burmese authorities to pursue and implement durable solutions to the underlying causes of the tensions that include addressing the status of the Rohingya; calls on the government to amend the 1982 citizenship law to bring it into line with international standards, with a view to return citizens’ rights to the Rohingya and other minorities which became stateless as a result of the law;

9. Urges the Burmese government to immediately revoke the regulation establishing a two-child limit for Rohingya, and other coercive or discriminatory policies, rules, regulations or laws regarding this population;

 

10. Underline the importance of making the necessary legislative and administgraetive changes to ensure the fullest participation of the Burmese population, including minorities, in the 2014 elections,

 

11. Calls on Burmese authorities to grant unfettered access for international humanitarian agencies to provide medical and other services to all persons in need in Rakhine State, with special focus on needs of internally displaced persons and other populations with restricted freedom of movement;

 

12. Calls for immediate access for international humanitarian organisations to the detention facilities in the country and notably to the hundreds of Rohingyas and Arakanese detained since the security operations began in June 2012; re-iterates in this context its call for the release of all political prisoners, including Dr. Tun Aung, without delay and without conditions and with the full restoration of their rights and freedoms

 

13. Calls on the Government of Thailand to immediately end the inhumane detention of at least 1700 Rohingya asylum seekers and provide them with access to UN Refugee Agencies; regrets that the Government of Thailand has so far failed to permit the UNHCR to conduct refugee status determination screenings of these Rohingya;

 

14. Calls on the Governments of Thailand, Malaysia, and Bangladesh to uphold their international obligations as regards rights of refugees and to provide Rohingya asylum seekers at least temporary protection and to order the naval security forces to cease pushing backs of boats of asylum seekers fleeing Burma/Myanmar

 

15. Further calls on the governments of neighbouring countries to Burma/Myanmar to continue their dialogue on a solution to the situation of Rohingya in line with international human rights instruments and obligations

 

16. Calls on the Vice-President/High Representative of the EU to address this issue at the highest possible political level, including in her contacts with ASEAN members

17. Asks the Commission, when submitting to Parliament and Council a delegated act for the continued application of the GSP system to Myanmar after 31 December 2013 to include an accompanying report demonstrating the absence of serious and systematic violations of principles laid down in the conventions listed in the GSP regulation, with particular focus on the Rohingyas

18. Expects the EEAS to consult and inform the Parliament regularly in the process of establishing its human rights dialogue with Burma/Myanmar; requests the European External Action Service and the Member States to set a list of precise human rights benchmarks against which to assess reform progress by the Burmese authorities; underlines that further development of EU relations with the Burmese leadership should be conditional upon tangible progress notably with regards the Rohingya situation;

19. Calls on the Commission to assess in an effective and comprehensive manner the human rights impact of the envisaged bilateral investment agreement before formulating its proposal for negotiating directives, and to closely consult Parliament and civil society in the process

20. Calls for a strong and visible civil society component, including Rohingya representatives, to be included in the EU-Burma Task Force to be held later this year, build on the experience of the EU-Egypt task Force

 

21. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Governments and Parliaments of Burma/Myanmar and of Bangladesh, Malaysia and Thailand, the EU High Representative, the Commission, the Governments and Parliaments of the Member States, the Secretary-General of ASEAN, the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights, the UN Special Representative for Human Rights in Myanmar, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, and the UN Human Rights Council.

 

Atnaujinta: 2013 m. birželio 11 d.Teisinis pranešimas