15 and 16 DECEMBER 1995

ANNEXES 6 - 10





The second half of 1995 saw continuing implementation of the pre-accession strategy for the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe defined at the Essen European Council on 9 and 10 December 1994 and an intensification of the Union's bilateral relations with the partner countries.

Several ministerial meetings, both bilateral (Association Agreements) and multilateral (structured dialogue) were held, at which important issues were discussed, confirming the soundness of the approach adopted and witnessing to vigorous and flourishing reciprocal relations.

The Associated Countries' oft-repeated desire to be anchored to the European Union was reflected in the four new membership applications submitted in 1995, adding to those made by Hungary and Poland in 1994.

The Council accordingly decided, on 17 July 1995 for Romania and Slovakia, on 30 October 1995 for Latvia and on 4 December 1995 for Estonia, to put in hand the procedures under Article O of the Treaty on European Union for consulting the Commission and obtaining the assent of the European Parliament.


Following the entry into force of the Europe Association Agreements with Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and the first Association Council meetings with these four partners in the first half of 1995, the Association Councils with Hungary and Poland held their second meetings on 17 July 1995. In addition to overall consideration given to the state and prospects of bilateral relations under the Europe Agreements, the Association Councils with Hungary and Poland each devoted a substantial part of its proceedings to two particularly important subjects: the one, progress in the process of integrating the partner country into the European Union under the pre-accession strategy and the other, regional cooperation and the partner's good-neighbourly relations with other countries of the region.

Moreover, within the specific institutional framework of each Association Agreement, the Association Committees with the Czech Republic, Romania and Bulgaria met on 14 and 15 September, 12 and 13 October and 9 and 10 November 1995 respectively, enabling progress to be made in implementing the Europe Agreements.

Lastly, in the period under review Parliamentary Association Committees held meetings with Poland on 5 and 6 September, with Bulgaria from 6 to 8 September, with Romania on 16 and 17 September, with Slovakia on 23 and 24 November and with Hungary on 28 and 29 November (1) ; there were also interparliamentary meetings with Lithuania (20 November), Latvia (22 November) and Estonia (24 November). These meetings, marked by frank and open discussion of important issues such as the process of integrating the Associated Countries with a view to accession, were an opportunity for the European Parliament to strengthen its links with the Associated Countries' Parliaments.


Implementation of the structured dialogue defined in Essen continued apace during the second half of 1995, with the invitation to the Heads of State and of Government of the Associated Countries to meet alongside the Madrid European Council being the high point of the process. Several Ministerial meetings were held in the framework of the structured dialogue:

Justice and Home Affairs on 25 September; Agriculture on 26 September; Transport on 28 September; Education on 23 October; Economic and Financial Questions on 23 October; Foreign Affairs on 31 October; Internal Market on 23 November.

— The subjects discussed at the meeting of Justice and Home Affairs Ministers covered the adaptation of the legal system, police training, questions relating to organized crime (drug trafficking, money laundering, traffic in vehicles) and illegal immigration. In addition, a joint action programme for judicial cooperation to combat international organized crime was outlined.

— The Agriculture Ministers held a general exchange of views, which established the state of play regarding development of the common agricultural policy and the situation and prospects of the farming sector in the Associated Countries. After the Ministers of the Associated Countries had set out their ideas and priorities, the Commission commented on the development of agricultural policies in a global perspective and in the perspective of enlargement. The Commission will present a report to the Madrid European Council on the alternative strategies available in the agricultural sector in the context of accession.

— The meeting of Transport Ministers focused on three questions: the integration process in the transport sector, a process based on a twofold strategy involving opening the market in tandem with legislative alignment; the Associated Countries' transport infrastructures, for which it was jointly considered that priority projects needed to be defined: integrated transport systems, the development of which required a common approach, involving the participation of the Associated Countries in Community programmes and activities. On this last point, the Commission was asked for the next meeting to explore — on the basis of the Additional Protocols to the Europe Agreements — the scope and arrangements for such participation, with particular reference to the funding of infrastructure projects.

— The Education Ministers examined the question of the Associated Countries' participation in the Community programmes SOCRATES, LEONARDO and YOUTH FOR EUROPE III, recently adopted by the Council for the period 1995-2000. The European Union noted the interest shown by the Associated Countries in participating in these programmes, their priorities, and the specific preparatory measures taken by each country. The Associated Countries' participation in these programmes could serve as an experiment and an example for participation in other Community programmes.

— The Ministers for Economic Affairs and Finance discussed the reform of the financial sector, focusing on questions linked to reform of the banking sector and more specifically on banking supervision and bank privatization. Another major topic of discussion was the development of capital markets and the liberalization of capital movements. These detailed discussions gave the Associated Countries an opportunity to describe the progress that had already been made in these areas and to highlight those where closer cooperation was needed to enable them to press ahead with the process of integrating into the Community's internal market.

— The meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministers, which had been prepared by COREPER and the Ambassadors of the Associated Countries, dealt first with the PHARE programme and its future role as a financial instrument in the strategy for preparing the Associated Countries for accession. Topical foreign policy issues, significant for Europe's stability, were also discussed; these included the situation in the former Yugoslavia and the challenges of rebuilding the region; various aspects of the Middle East Peace Process relating to consolidating peace and assisting the new Palestinian Authorities in the difficult tasks which lie ahead. Other important issues were discussed at a working lunch, namely: relations between the European Union and the United States, preparations for the 1996 Intergovernmental Conference and the conduct of the structured dialogue, a subject on which some Associated Countries put forward suggestions.

— Lastly, the Ministers responsible for the internal market examined questions arising from implementation of the White Paper on the preparation of the Associated Countries for integration into the internal market, which the Commission presented to the Cannes European Council. These discussions, which are one further step in a lengthy and complex process, are designed to guide the technical discussions under way in this area and to maximize their outcome.


The enhanced political dialogue with the Associated Countries of Central and Eastern Europe, as established by the Council Decision of 7 March 1994, continued unstintingly in the second half of 1995. It is to be noted that Cyprus and Malta joined the process further to a Council Decision of 17 July 1995.

In addition to the meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministers on 31 October, a meeting of Political Directors was held on 20 October 1995. At that meeting, which was attended for the first time by the Baltic countries, the Political Directors took stock of the dialogue's operation and considered how it could be further consolidated and strengthened.

Following that meeting, the Political Committee adopted new guidelines for strengthening the political dialogue with the Associated Countries of Central and Eastern Europe, Cyprus and Malta.

Troika or plenary meetings of experts were held in the following areas: terrorism, (13 July), the United Nations (7 September), disarmament (12 September), security (19 September), OCSE (22 September), nuclear non-proliferation (26 September), chemical and biological non-proliferation (4 October), drugs (13 October), conventional arms exports (23 October), human rights (24 October), former Yugoslavia (17 November), Central Europe and Central Asia (22 November).

Coordination in third country capitals and within international organizations is developing well, in particular in the United Nations and its First Committee. A similar development was noted at the recent Conference on revision of the 1980 Convention, the "inhumane weapons" Convention.

The Associated CCEE have moreover endorsed an increasing number of declarations published by the Presidency on behalf of the European Union.


In accordance with the conclusions of the Essen European Council, negotiations are under way on adapting the agricultural sections of the Europe Agreements further to enlargement and to the conclusion of the Uruguay Round, and with a view to developing commercial relations with these countries. On 4 December 1995 the Council adopted additional directives to those already given the Commission in March; these additional directives relate to flexibility in tariff quotas granted by the European Union and an increase in those quotas.

In the same context, on 8 August with the aim of avoiding any, even temporary, disruption in traditional trade flows, the Council adopted autonomous measures for 1995 concerning certain agricultural concessions under the Europe Agreements, in order to take account of the Agreement on Agriculture concluded under the Uruguay Round Multilateral Trade Negotiations. These autonomous measures, adopted on a basis of reciprocity and in compliance with the standstill principle, join two earlier series of autonomous measures which the Council adopted to take account of enlargement. In addition, a draft Regulation now under examination in the Council's subordinate bodies is designed to replace the three existing Regulations covering autonomous measures with a consolidated instrument effective from 1 January 1996.



The conflict in former Yugoslavia remains the most difficult test for the transition from a divided Europe to a new Europe based on shared values of democracy, tolerance and respect for human rights. The European Council welcomes with the greatest of satisfaction, as a major step, the signing of the peace agreement for Bosnia and Herzogovina in Paris on 14 December 1995.

The establishment of peace in Bosnia and Herzogovina represents an extremely important step forward, not only for the peoples of former Yugoslavia but also for the international community as a whole. The European Council pays homage to those who have helped achieve that result through their efforts, their solidarity and their resolve. In this connection it welcomes the adoption by the United Nations Security Council of the Resolution giving its support to the peace agreements signed in Paris and implementing their provisions in both civilian and military respects).

It is now for the parties to shoulder their responsibilities in fully implementing the agreement in order to bring an end to the war once and for all.

The European Council reaffirms the European Union's willingness to make a substantial contribution to the implementation of the peace agreement for Bosnia and Herzogovina on the basis of the positions stated in the Council conclusions of 30 October and 4 December 1995. The European Council endorses the conclusions of the London Conference and considers it necessary for the structures established to be set in place as soon as possible.

For the immediate future, the European Council sets the following priorities:

— it affirms the importance and the urgency of the successor States to former Yugoslavia recognizing one another;

— it expresses its concern at the state of uncertainty currently affecting the Serb population of Sarajevo. It reminds the authorities of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzogovina of their responsibility to take the necessary steps so that Sarajevo as a whole can live in safety and restore multi-ethnic co-existence;

— it repeats that the European Union is ready to make a contribution to the implementation of the civilian aspects of the peace agreement. It appeals to the international community also to contribute to that effort as part of equitable burden-sharing.

It reaffirms the EU's willingness to continue its humanitarian effort in former Yugoslavia as long as is necessary. It also reaffirms the right of refugees and displaced persons to return freely and safely to their homes throughout the territory of former Yugoslavia and to obtain fair compensation as a fundamental right;

— it points to the importance of an urgent solution to the problem in Eastern Slavonia for the entire peace process in the region. It accordingly calls on the parties to continue negotiations in accordance with the basic agreement for the region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium. It asks the United Nations Security Council to ensure the full implementation of that agreement by adopting a feasible mandate based on the establishment of an effective provisional administration and the deployment of a credible international force equipped with sufficient resources.

While noting the historic importance of the successes achieved in recent weeks, the European Council is fully aware of the magnitude of the task still to be carried out. This is not the time to relax our efforts; on the contrary, it is necessary to show perseverance and courage. The European Council will continue to work in that spirit.



1. Good relations between the EU and a democratic Russia are essential to stability in Europe. The EU is therefore committed to establishing a substantial partnership with Russia in order to promote the democratic and economic reform process, to enhance the respect of human rights, to consolidate peace, stability and security in order to avoid new dividing lines in Europe and to achieve the full integration of Russia into the community of free and democratic nations. The PCA provides a firm basis on which to build such relations with Russia.

The evolution of the European security architecture must reflect the comprehensive, indivisible and cooperative character of security in Europe and full recognition of Russia's place in it.

2. To that end, in the context of the four issues identified in the Council's conclusions of 17 July 1995, the EU adopts the following elements in its common approach to relations with Russia:

Contribution to Russia's democratic reforms

3. — Continued support of the further development of democracy, the rule of law and pluralism in Russia;

— promotion of a solid and independent judicial system and reinforcement of the freedom of media;

— early Russian membership of the Council of Europe;

4. The EU's assistance in achieving these goals could be provided through measures such as:

— regular consultation and technical assistance in these areas;

— active promotion of people-to-people contacts and exchanges at all levels;

— support for regional cooperation in a wide range of sectors;

— monitoring of the Russian parliamentary and presidential elections;

— support for Russian accession to the Council of Europe.

Economic cooperation

5. The EU should encourage:

— the irreversible consolidation of economic reforms in Russia which, through economic growth and a steady rise in living standards, will promote stability in Russian society and strengthen democracy in that country ;

— the integration of Russia into the international economy according to market economy principles and its admission to the WTO as soon as possible and subsequently to other international economic institutions of which Russia is not yet a member;

— the development of trade and investment and harmonious economic relations between the Parties based on the principles of market economy and so to foster sustainable development in the Parties;

— the creation as foreseen in the PCA of the necessary conditions for the future establishment of a free trade area between the Community and Russia covering substantially all trade in goods between them, as well as conditions for bringing about freedom of establishment of companies, of cross-border trade in services and of capital movements;

— the progressive integration between Russia and a wider area of cooperation in Europe;

— regional cooperation between Russia and its neighbouring countries according to the OSCE principles;

— the application by Russia of sound macro-economic policies elaborated with the IMF;

— the application by Russia of internationally formulated safety principles for nuclear installations;

— the improvement of environmental protection in Russia in accordance with the principle of sustainable development ;

— the completion and consolidation of the legal framework in Russia concerning economic activities together with the progressive compatibility of Russian legislation with that existing in the Union.

6. Methods:

— putting into effect, as soon as possible, the Interim and Partnership and Cooperation Agreements and pursuing cooperation in the specific fields foreseen in these agreements;

— negotiating and concluding new bilateral agreements foreseen in the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Such agreements should be used to bring forward intensified trade links and cooperation with Russia in its conversion to a market economy;

— special consideration should be given to improving market access to certain sectors such as financial services;

— supporting Russia's efforts to fulfil conditions for acceding to WTO and other international Institutions of which Russia is not yet a member;

— studies should be done to identify obstacles to wider flows of trade and investment. A range of issues will need to be clarified, most notably the impact on our respective economies and the required approximation of legislation, both in view of Russian WTO membership and taking into account the relevant provisions of the PCA on the possible establishment of a free trade area between the EU and Russia. Regular examination should be undertaken of Russia's progress towards market economy;

— improving dialogue between both sides on commercial and investment questions through the existing channels;

— continuing assistance to Russia's economic reforms through the TACIS programme whose visibility should be reinforced;

— strenghtening regional cooperation with Russia in the Baltic Sea and the Barents Sea regions as well as in the Black Sea region.

Cooperation on Justice and Home Affairs

7. The EU should foster cooperation in matters connected with Justice and Home Affairs in promoting the objectives of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement.

Security issues

8. The EU should ensure transparency in Western European security decisions, especially those involving enlargement, in order to take into account Russia's concerns, to dispel existing misperceptions and to reassure it that those decisions will not impair its security but will lead to improved security in Europe as a whole. This goal needs to be pursued in a way which respects

both the full autonomy of Western European security structures to decide on their institutional development and eventual enlargement, and the sovereign right of each state to seek freely its own security arrangements as recognized by OSCE documents.

9. These goals could be achieved through measures such as:

— development, in the framework of existing mechanisms, of an open, stable and substantial relationship of dialogue and partnership between the Union and Russia in the field of security, including relevant aspects of disarmament, non-proliferation, arms export controls and conflict prevention and management;

— examination with Russia of the feasibility of joint initiatives on issues of common interest in the field of security and disarmament and on new challenges (such as prevention of illegal traffic in fissile material, cooperation on non-proliferation issues, etc.);

— focusing Russian attention on projects related to security concerns eligible for EU assistance programmes (defence conversion ,nuclear safety, etc.);

— cooperating in the elaboration of a common and comprehensive security model for the Europe of the 21st century. If and when useful, joint initiatives with Russia could be developed in the OSCE framework;

— encouraging Russia to make full use of its participation in NACC, PFP and, where appropriate, to exploit its evolving channels for dialogue with NATO;

— encouraging Russia to take full advantage of its developing contacts with WEU;

— encouraging Russia and the Central and Eastern European countries to consolidate good neighbourly relations and to develop regional cooperation arrangements in accordance with the norms of international relations.The EU should use the means at its disposal to support and contribute directly to such regional endeavours, notably in the Baltic Region and as regards the follow-up to the Stability Pact in the framework of the OSCE.

Foreign policy

10.— Support for peaceful settlement of disputes in the CIS area with full respect for sovereignty rights, and of the development of voluntary regional and economic cooperation;

— promotion of a constructive dialogue between Russia, the EU and other Western partners and of cooperation in international organizations;

— fostering Russia's commitment to peace-keeping in accordance with the UN Charter and OSCE principles and objectives.

11.These goals could be achieved through measures such as:

— implementation and further development of the agreed political consultation at all levels, including the highest political level;

— exchange of experiences on the conduct of foreign affairs. In this context exchanges on foreign policy formulation and foreign ministry organisation, e.g. legal departments, would be particularly useful;

— development of regular contacts in appropriate international organizations and bilaterally;

— enhancement of the OSCE as a major forum for the development of overall political dialogue with Russia.


12. On the basis of the preceding objectives and priorities, the Council will decide upon an action-programme, establishing in detail short and long-term measures which could be taken.



The European Council considers that the holding of parliamentary elections in Russia on 17 December 1995 marks a major step towards consolidating constitutional institutions and anchoring democratic principles in the country's political life.

It hopes that this process, which is to be continued with the holding of presidential elections in 1996, will strengthen respect for human rights and the consolidation of peace, stability and security in Europe, as well as the further building of good relations with the European Union.

To this end, the European Union fully supports Russia's early membership of the Council of Europe and reiterates its resolve to continue its support for the process of democratic and economic reform.

It looks forward to the entry into force on 1 February 1996 of the interim agreement, which will provide a better basis for mutual relations pending early ratification of the partnership and cooperation agreement as soon as possible.



We, the United States of America and the European Union, affirm our conviction that the ties which bind our people are as strong today as they have been for the past half century. For over fifty years, the transatlantic partnership has been the leading force for peace and prosperity for ourselves and for the world. Together, we helped transform adversaries into allies and dictatorships into democracies. Together, we built institutions and patterns of cooperation that ensured our security and economic strength. These were epic achievements.

Today we face new challenges at home and abroad. To meet them, we must further strengthen and adapt the partnership that has served us so well. Domestic challenges are not an excuse to turn inward; we can learn from each other's experiences and build new transatlantic bridges. We must first of all seize the opportunity presented by Europe's historic transformation to consolidate democracy and free-market economies throughout the continent.

We share a common strategic vision of Europe's future security. Together, we have charted a course for ensuring continuing peace in Europe into the next century. We are committed to the construction of a new European security architecture in which the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, the European Union, the Western European Union, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the Council of Europe have complementary and mutually reinforcing roles to play.

We reaffirm the indivisibility of transatlantic security. NATO remains, for its members, the centrepiece of transatlantic security, providing the indispensable link between North America and Europe. Further adaptation of the Alliance's political and military structures to reflect both the full spectrum of its roles and the development of the emerging European Security and Defence Identity will strengthen the European pillar of the Alliance.

As to the accession of new members to NATO and to the EU, these processes, autonomous but complementary, should contribute significantly to the extension of security, stability and prosperity in the whole of Europe. Furthering the work of Partnership for Peace and the North Atlantic Cooperation Council and establishing a security partnership between NATO and Russia and between NATO and Ukraine will lead to unprecedented cooperation on security issues.

We are strengthening the OSCE so that it can fulfil its potential to prevent destabilising regional conflicts and advance the prospect of peace, security, prosperity, and democracy for all.

Increasingly, our common security is further enhanced by strengthening and reaffirming the ties between the European Union and the United States within the existing network of relationships which join us together.

Our economic relationship sustains our security and increases our prosperity. We share the largest two-way trade and investment relationship in the world. We bear a special responsibility to lead multilateral efforts toward a more open world system of trade and investment. Our cooperation has made possible every global trade agreement, from the Kennedy Round to the Uruguay Round. Through the G-7, we work to stimulate global growth. And at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, we are developing strategies to overcome structural unemployment and adapt to demographic change.

We are determined to create a New Transatlantic Marketplace, which will expand trade and investment opportunities and multiply jobs on both sides of the Atlantic. This initiative will also contribute to the dynamism of the global economy.

At the threshold of a new century, there is a new world to shape - full of opportunities but with challenges no less critical than those faced by previous generations. These challenges can be met and opportunities fully realised only by the whole international community working together. We will work with others bilaterally, at the United Nations and in other multilateral fora.

We are determined to reinforce our political and economic partnership as a powerful force for good in the world. To this end, we will build on the extensive consultations established by the 1990 Transatlantic Declaration and the conclusions of our June 1995 Summit and move to common action.

Today we adopt a New Transatlantic Agenda based on a Framework for Action with four major goals:

Promoting peace and stability, democracy and development around the world. Together, we will work for an increasingly stable and prosperous Europe; foster democracy and economic reform in Central and Eastern Europe as well as in Russia, Ukraine and other new independent states; secure peace in the Middle East; advance human rights; promote non-proliferation and cooperate on development and humanitarian assistance.

Responding to global challenges. Together, we will fight international crime, drug-trafficking and terrorism; address the needs of refugees and displaced persons; protect the environment and combat disease.

Contributing to the expansion of world trade and closer economic relations. Together, we will strengthen the multilateral trading system and take concrete, practical steps to promote closer economic relations between us.

Building bridges across the Atlantic. Together, we will work with our business people, scientists, educators and others to improve communication and to ensure that future generations remain as committed as we are to developing a full and equal partnership.

Within this Framework, we have developed an extensive Joint EU/US Action Plan. We will give special priority between now and our next Summit to the following actions:


— We pledge to work boldly and rapidly, together and with other partners, to implement the peace, to assist recovery of the war-ravaged regions of the former Yugoslavia and to support economic and political reform and new democratic institutions. We will cooperate to ensure: (1) respect for human rights, for the rights of minorities and the rights of refugees and displaced persons, in particular the right of return; (2) respect for the work of the War Crimes Tribunal, established by the United Nations Security Council, in order to ensure international criminal accountability; (3) the establishment of a framework for free and fair elections in Bosnia-Herzegovina as soon as conditions permit and (4) the implementation of the agreed process for arms control, disarmament and confidence-building measures. While continuing to provide humanitarian assistance, we will contribute to the task of reconstruction, subject to the implementation of the provisions of the peace settlement plan, in the context of the widest possible burden-sharing with other donors and taking advantage of the experience of international institutions, of the European Commission and of all relevant bilateral donors in the coordination mechanism.

— We will support the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in their efforts to restructure their economies and strengthen their democratic and market institutions. Their commitment to democratic systems of government, respect for minorities, human rights, market oriented economies and good relations with neighbours will facilitate their integration into our institutions. We are taking steps to intensify our cooperation aimed at sharing information, coordinating assistance programmes and developing common actions, protecting the environment and securing the safety of their nuclear power stations.

— We are determined to reinforce our cooperation to consolidate democracy and stability in Russia, Ukraine and other new independent states. We are committed to working with them in strengthening democratic institutions and market reforms, in protecting the environment, in securing the safety of their nuclear power stations and in promoting their integration into the international economy. An enduring and stable security framework for Europe must include these nations. We intend to continue building a close partnership with a democratic Russia. An independent, democratic, stable and nuclear weapons-free Ukraine will contribute to security and stability in Europe; we will cooperate to support Ukraine's democratic and economic reforms.

— We will support the Turkish Government's efforts to strengthen democracy and advance economic reforms in order to promote Turkey's further integration into the transatlantic community.

— We will work towards a resolution of the Cyprus question taking into account the prospective accession of Cyprus to the European Union. We will support the UN Secretary General's Mission of Good Offices and encourage dialogue between and with the Cypriot communities.

— We reaffirm our commitment to the achievement of a just, lasting and comprehensive peace in the Middle East. We will build on the recent successes in the Peace Process, including the bold steps taken by Jordan and Israel, through concerted efforts to support agreements already concluded and to expand the circle of peace. Noting the important milestone reached with the signing of the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement, we will play an active role at the Conference for Economic Assistance to the Palestinians, will support the Palestinian elections and will work ambitiously to improve the access we both give to products from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. We will encourage and support the regional parties in implementing the conclusions of the Amman Summit. We will also continue our efforts to promote peace between Israel, Lebanon and Syria. We will actively seek the dismantling of the Arab boycott of Israel.

— We pledge to work together more closely in our preventive and crisis diplomacy; to respond effectively to humanitarian emergencies; to promote sustainable development and the building of democratic societies; and to support human rights.

— We have agreed to coordinate, cooperate and act jointly in development and humanitarian assistance activities. To this end, we will establish a High Level Consultative Group to review progress of existing efforts, to assess policies and priorities and to identify projects and regions for the further strengthening of cooperation.

— We will increase cooperation in developing a blueprint for UN economic and social reform. We will cooperate to find urgently needed solutions to the financial crisis of the UN system. We are determined to keep our commitments, including our financial obligations. At the same time, the UN must direct its resources to the highest priorities and must reform in order to meet its fundamental goals.

— We will provide support to the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organisation (KEDO), underscoring our shared desire to resolve important proliferation challenges throughout the world.


— We are determined to take new steps in our common battle against the scourges of international crime, drug trafficking and terrorism. We commit ourselves to active, practical cooperation between the US and the future European Police Office, EUROPOL. We will jointly support and contribute to ongoing training programmes and institutions for crime-fighting officials in Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, Ukraine, other new independent states and other parts of the globe.

— We will work together to strengthen multilateral efforts to protect the global environment and to develop environmental policy strategies for sustainable world-wide growth. We will coordinate our negotiating positions on major global environmental issues, such as climate change, ozone layer depletion, persistent organic pollutants, desertification and erosion and contaminated soils. We are undertaking coordinated initiatives to disseminate environmental technologies and to reduce the public health risks from hazardous substances, in particular from exposure to lead. We will strengthen our bilateral cooperation on chemicals, biotechnology and air pollution issues.

— We are committed to develop and implement an effective global early warning system and response network for new and re-emerging communicable diseases such as AIDS and the Ebola virus, and to increase training and professional exchanges in this area. Together, we call on other nations to join us in more effectively combatting such diseases.


— We have a special responsibility to strengthen the multilateral trading system, to support the World Trade Organisation, and to lead the way in opening markets to trade and investment.

— We will contribute to the expansion of world trade by fully implementing our Uruguay Round commitments, work for the completion of unfinished business by the agreed timetables and encourage a successful and substantive outcome for the Singapore WTO Ministerial Meeting in December 1996. In this context we will explore the possibility of agreeing on a mutually satisfactory package of tariffs reductions on industrial products, and we will consider which, if any, Uruguay Round obligations on tariffs can be implemented on an accelerated basis. In view of the importance of the information society, we are launching a specific exercise in order to attempt to conclude an information technology agreement.

— We will work together for the successful conclusion of a Multilateral Agreement on Investment at the OECD that espouses strong principles on international investment liberalisation and protection. Meanwhile, we will work to develop discussion of the issue with our partners at the WTO. We will address in appropriate fora problems where trade intersects with concerns for the environment, internationally recognised labour standards and competition policy. We will cooperate in creating additional trading opportunities, bilaterally and throughout the world, in conformity with our WTO commitments.

— Without detracting from our cooperation in multilateral fora, we will create a New Transatlantic Marketplace by progressively reducing or eliminating barriers that hinder the flow of goods, services and capital between us. We will carry out a joint study on ways of facilitating trade in goods and services and further reducing or eliminating tariff and non-tariff barriers.

— We will strengthen regulatory cooperation, in particular by encouraging regulatory agencies to give a high priority to cooperation with their respective transatlantic counterparts so as to address technical and non-tariff barriers to trade resulting from divergent regulatory processes. We aim to conclude an agreement on mutual recognition of conformity assessment (which includes certification and testing procedures) for certain sectors as soon as possible. We will continue the ongoing work in several sectors and identify others for further work.

— We will endeavour to conclude by the end of 1996 a customs cooperation and mutual assistance agreement between the European Community and the US.

— To allow our people to take full advantage of newly developed information technology and services, we will work toward the realisation of a Transatlantic Information Society.

— Given the overarching importance of job creation, we pledge to cooperate in the follow-up to the Detroit Jobs Conference and the G-7 Summit initiative. We look forward to further cooperation in the run up to the G-7 Jobs Conference in France, at the next G-7 Summit in the Summer of 1996 and in other fora such as the OECD. We will establish a joint working group on employment and labour-related issues.


— We recognise the need to strengthen and broaden public support for our partnership. To that end, we will seek to deepen the commercial, social, cultural, scientific and educational ties among our people. We pledge to nurture in present and future generations the mutual understanding and sense of shared purpose that has been the hallmark of the post-war period.

— We will not be able to achieve these ambitious goals without the backing of our respective business communities. We will support, and encourage the development of, the transatlantic business relationship, as an integral part of our wider efforts to strengthen our bilateral dialogue. The successful conference of EU and US business leaders which took place in Seville on 10/11 November 1995 was an important step in this direction. A number of its recommendations have already been incorporated into our Action Plan and we will consider concrete follow-up to others.

— We will actively work to reach a new comprehensive EC-US science and technology cooperation agreement by 1997.

— We believe that the recent EU/US Agreement on Cooperation in Education and Vocational Training can act as a catalyst for a broad spectrum of innovative cooperative activities of direct benefit to students and teachers. We will examine ways to increase private support for educational exchanges, including scholarship and internship programmes. We will work to introduce new technologies into classrooms, linking educational establishments in the EU with those in the US and will encourage teaching of each other's languages, history and culture.

Parliamentary links

We attach great importance to enhanced parliamentary links. We will consult parliamentary leaders on both sides of the Atlantic regarding new consultative mechanisms, including those building on existing institutions, to discuss matters related to our transatlantic partnership.

Implementing our Agenda

The new Transatlantic Agenda is a comprehensive statement of the many areas for our common action and cooperation. We have entrusted the Senior Level Group to oversee work on this Agenda and particularly the priority actions we have identified. We will use our regular Summits to measure progress and to update and revise our priorities.

For the last fifty years, the transatlantic relationship has been central to the security and prosperity of our people. Our aspirations for the future must surpass our achievements in the past.


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1. The Parliamentary Association Committee meeting with the Czech Republic will be held on 18 December.

© European Parliament: 1998