Analysis of the National Indicative Programme (2011-2013) of the Lebanese Republic

22-01-2010

Lebanon currently faces a dual challenge. On the one hand it must ensure a stable governance to allow durable recovery of the country. On the other hand, it should push through urgent comprehensive political and economic reforms. Achieving these results inside the country, would also help the overall stability of the region. Conversely, the internal stability depends heavily on the Middle East Peace Process and the situation in the region. A prerequisite for Lebanon to take up its challenges is linked to the need to ensure broad-based consensus on the government reform programme. Lebanon is fully supported by the EU in these efforts. It is a fully-fledged partner of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), since the Association Agreement entered into force in 2006 setting the framework for a truly comprehensive cooperation. The ENP Action Plan was adopted in January 2007, although the political standstill has slowed down its implementation. Thus, the CSP/NIP 2007-2010 and the new NIP (2011-2013) focus on support to help Lebanon pushing through its reforms. The need for the newly formed government to work on reforms on the basis of a stable consensus remain a major factor also to ensure effective implementation of EU assistance. Against this background, the new NIP should emphasise the synergies between the various programmes (e.g. economic reforms and social development support), while doing its utmost to prepare the envisaged shift towards sector wide approaches and budget support.

Lebanon currently faces a dual challenge. On the one hand it must ensure a stable governance to allow durable recovery of the country. On the other hand, it should push through urgent comprehensive political and economic reforms. Achieving these results inside the country, would also help the overall stability of the region. Conversely, the internal stability depends heavily on the Middle East Peace Process and the situation in the region. A prerequisite for Lebanon to take up its challenges is linked to the need to ensure broad-based consensus on the government reform programme. Lebanon is fully supported by the EU in these efforts. It is a fully-fledged partner of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), since the Association Agreement entered into force in 2006 setting the framework for a truly comprehensive cooperation. The ENP Action Plan was adopted in January 2007, although the political standstill has slowed down its implementation. Thus, the CSP/NIP 2007-2010 and the new NIP (2011-2013) focus on support to help Lebanon pushing through its reforms. The need for the newly formed government to work on reforms on the basis of a stable consensus remain a major factor also to ensure effective implementation of EU assistance. Against this background, the new NIP should emphasise the synergies between the various programmes (e.g. economic reforms and social development support), while doing its utmost to prepare the envisaged shift towards sector wide approaches and budget support.