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The Network and Information Security (NIS) Directive is the first piece of EU-wide legislation on cybersecurity, and its specific aim was to achieve a high common level of cybersecurity across the Member States. While it increased the Member States' cybersecurity capabilities, its implementation proved difficult, resulting in fragmentation at different levels across the internal market. To respond to the growing threats posed with digitalisation and the surge in cyber-attacks, the Commission has ...

COP26 climate change conference: Outcomes

Накратко 22-11-2021

Following prolonged talks, the 26th Conference of the Parties ended late on 13 November 2021. With countries' nationally determined contributions (NDC) ahead of the event leading to an estimated 2.7°C warming towards the end of the century, the host, the United Kingdom, set the goal to keep a limit of 1.5°C warming within reach.

The Commission is proposing a new directive to amend the 2018 directive on the promotion of energy from renewable sources. This initial appraisal of the Commission’s impact assessment on the proposal finds that the impact assessment draws a clear logic between the problems, their drivers, the objectives and the policy interventions under consideration. However, the the vast amount of work which must have gone into such an assessment is to some extent impaired by the inconsistent, unclear presentation ...

Decarbonisation of Energy

Проучване 18-11-2021

207BAbstract 208BDecarbonising the energy system requires a fundamental transformation in the way societies provide, transport and consume energy. Disagreement exists over how this system should look in 2050. The large-scale expansion of low-carbon electricity, phase-out of unabated fossil fuels, and widespread direct electrification are uncontroversial. In more controversial areas, like the deployment of hydrogen and synthetic methane, policy should forcefully explore options and be willing to ...

The 2014 Regulation on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market (eIDAS Regulation or eIDAS) was the first digital identity legislation to provide the basis for cross-border electronic identification, authentication and website certification throughout the EU. Application of eIDAS has been mixed. However, the pandemic increased the need for such solutions to be put in place to access public and private services. On 3 June 2021, the Commission ...

Roaming Regulation review

Briefing 25-10-2021

The Roaming Regulation established the 'roam like at home' (RLAH) rule that mandated the end of retail mobile roaming charges as of 15 June 2017 in all EU Member States and EEA countries. The regulation is currently in force until 30 June 2022. The application of the RLAH rule has been a success, boosting the use of mobile devices while travelling to other EU/EEA countries. For instance, the use of data roaming increased 17 times in the summer of 2019 compared with the summer preceding the abolition ...

Insurance of motor vehicles

Накратко 13-10-2021

In 2018, the Commission proposed to amend the Motor Insurance Directive, an important legislative tool underpinning the functioning of the single market. The Commission's proposal focused on four areas: insurer insolvency, claim history, risks due to uninsured drivers, and minimum coverage amounts. Following agreement reached with the Council in trilogue, Parliament is expected to discuss and vote on the compromise text in plenary on 21 October 2021.

The Future of the EU Automotive Sector

Проучване 30-09-2021

This study provides an independent overview of the automotive industrial landscape in the EU. Specifically, the study assesses green and digital trends currently reshaping the automotive sector and provides recommendations considering the adequacy and consistency of ongoing and future EU actions. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).

What if the internet failed?

Накратко 27-09-2021

What if the internet failed? Since the 1960s, when work on its development began, internet infrastructure has become almost as important as the electricity and transport infrastructure in modern societies. More and more key services, such as banking, food retail and health care, rely on internet connections. Despite the internet's original resilient decentralised design, the increasing importance of a few central players and the shift towards greater centralisation have made the internet more susceptible ...

This EPRS paper analyses progress in attaining the policy agenda set out by Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, and her College of Commissioners when they took office in December 2019. It looks in particular at the state of play in respect of delivery on the six key priorities asserted at that time. Concretely, EPRS finds that, following the July 2021 plenary session, of the nearly 400 initiatives foreshadowed by the von der Leyen Commission on taking office or since (406) ...