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Resource efficiency: Reducing food waste, improving food safety

10-05-2017

As part of its action plan on the circular economy, the EU is aiming to give substance to a more efficient use of resources by reducing food waste and increasing food security. The European Parliament is due to vote in May 2017 on an own-initiative report proposing measures to cut the 88 million tonnes of edible food wasted annually in the EU by half by 2030.

As part of its action plan on the circular economy, the EU is aiming to give substance to a more efficient use of resources by reducing food waste and increasing food security. The European Parliament is due to vote in May 2017 on an own-initiative report proposing measures to cut the 88 million tonnes of edible food wasted annually in the EU by half by 2030.

What if animal farming were not so bad for the environment?

08-02-2017

What options exist, especially in terms of new technologies, for reducing the carbon footprint of the livestock industry, how effective might they be, and what could be done to encourage their implementation? The livestock industry is responsible for around 14.5 % of global greenhouse gas emissions. The magnitude of this percentage is due to the emission of large amounts of methane and nitrous oxide, which both result in greater global warming than carbon dioxide per gram of gas released. The main ...

What options exist, especially in terms of new technologies, for reducing the carbon footprint of the livestock industry, how effective might they be, and what could be done to encourage their implementation? The livestock industry is responsible for around 14.5 % of global greenhouse gas emissions. The magnitude of this percentage is due to the emission of large amounts of methane and nitrous oxide, which both result in greater global warming than carbon dioxide per gram of gas released. The main cause of livestock methane emissions is the digestive process in ruminants, such as cattle and sheep. In these animals, food is fermented, generating methane which is burped out. Nitrous oxide is generated through the application of fertilisers for animal feed production. This is also the case with crops grown for human consumption, but, as most of the energy stored in crops is lost when they are fed to animals, emissions due to fertilisers are much greater per calorie of animal produce than of plant produce. Both gases are produced by the storage of manure and its application as a fertiliser. In addition, carbon dioxide is emitted through burning fossil fuels for purposes such as fertiliser production, operation of farm machinery and transport of goods.

Options for Cutting Food Waste (Part of the Project 'Technology options for feeding 10 billion people')

15-10-2013

The reduction of food waste is seen as an important lever for achieving global food security, freeing up finite resources for other uses, diminishing environmental risks and avoiding financial losses. In its roadmap for a resource efficient Europe the European Commission has set the target to halve the generation of food waste by 2020. The present study deals with approaches for preventing food waste based on a thorough analysis of the scale, reasons and pattern of food wastage in EU-27. The focus ...

The reduction of food waste is seen as an important lever for achieving global food security, freeing up finite resources for other uses, diminishing environmental risks and avoiding financial losses. In its roadmap for a resource efficient Europe the European Commission has set the target to halve the generation of food waste by 2020. The present study deals with approaches for preventing food waste based on a thorough analysis of the scale, reasons and pattern of food wastage in EU-27. The focus is on measures and instruments that are considered in literature or in the current debate as particularly useful, easy to implement and/or that have already proven their effectiveness in practice. This includes among others the improvement and harmonization of the data basis, the setting of reduction targets on national and regional level, the revision of existing regulations on food date labelling, the enforcement of awareness campaigns, the introduction of economic incentives, the improvement of workflows as well as the implementation of an integrated supply chain management in the manufacturing and wholesale/retail sector including technological innovations which are likely to reduce food waste.

Външен автор

Carmen Priefer (Project Leader), Juliane Jörissen and Klaus-Rainer Bräutigam (ITAS)

Strategic guidelines for aquaculture in the EU

14-10-2013

Worldwide, the aquaculture industry is growing rapidly and playing an increasingly important role in ensuring global food supply, accounting for almost half of all fish and seafood consumption. In the EU, by contrast, the industry has not been part of this global upsurge, but has steadily lost ground despite the fact that the EU is heavily dependent on imports to meet strong consumer demand for fish and seafood.

Worldwide, the aquaculture industry is growing rapidly and playing an increasingly important role in ensuring global food supply, accounting for almost half of all fish and seafood consumption. In the EU, by contrast, the industry has not been part of this global upsurge, but has steadily lost ground despite the fact that the EU is heavily dependent on imports to meet strong consumer demand for fish and seafood.

Food supply chain

13-01-2012

Recent shifts in prices have focused policy attention on the food supply chain: the path food takes from producers to consumers.

Recent shifts in prices have focused policy attention on the food supply chain: the path food takes from producers to consumers.

Food supply chain in Europe

26-09-2011

Recent fluctuations in food prices have drawn attention to the need to ensure a properly functioning food supply chain.  

Recent fluctuations in food prices have drawn attention to the need to ensure a properly functioning food supply chain.  

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)

01-09-2010

The CAP has been at the centre of European integration since the Treaty of Rome. The specific objectives of the CAP, as enshrined in the Treaties, have remained unchanged for more than fifty years. The upcoming reform of the CAP for the post-2013 period represents a politically sensitive issue. On the one hand, this is due to the considerable budgetary amounts involved. On the other hand, the imbalanced distribution of CAP payments between Member States has particularly been questioned. Organic farmers ...

The CAP has been at the centre of European integration since the Treaty of Rome. The specific objectives of the CAP, as enshrined in the Treaties, have remained unchanged for more than fifty years. The upcoming reform of the CAP for the post-2013 period represents a politically sensitive issue. On the one hand, this is due to the considerable budgetary amounts involved. On the other hand, the imbalanced distribution of CAP payments between Member States has particularly been questioned. Organic farmers may receive support from the two pillars of the CAP (mainly agri-environmental payments, from the second pillar).

Implications of Global Trends in Eating Habits for Climate Change, Health and Natural Resources

15-04-2009

The study outlines the contribution of livestock production to climate change and health risks associated w i t h high meat consumption. The natural resources required to produce animalbased and plant-based protein are contrasted and diets with different levels of both types of protein compared. Using world population projections, three scenarios based on different theoretical alternative consumption patterns are created to show possible requirements and greenhouse gas emissions for animal and plant ...

The study outlines the contribution of livestock production to climate change and health risks associated w i t h high meat consumption. The natural resources required to produce animalbased and plant-based protein are contrasted and diets with different levels of both types of protein compared. Using world population projections, three scenarios based on different theoretical alternative consumption patterns are created to show possible requirements and greenhouse gas emissions for animal and plant protein production: “minimal” scenario (assumes consumption of animal protein only via milk and eggs); “optimal” scenario (assuming diets with a low meat intake) and “maximum” (baseline) scenario (current level of meat consumption extended to developing countries). Comments are made on alternative protein sources. Policy options are suggested.

Workshop on Food Labelling Brussels 5 November 2008 Consolidated Texts

05-11-2008

In January 2008, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation on the "Provision of food information to consumers" (COM(2008)40), thus combining several food labelling directives. In order to get a balanced picture of the variety of views seriously considered among professionals in this field, a workshop on Food Labelling has been organised on request of the Members of the Environment, Public health and Food Safety Committee. The workshop - hosted by Rapporteur Ms Sommer - will include ...

In January 2008, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation on the "Provision of food information to consumers" (COM(2008)40), thus combining several food labelling directives. In order to get a balanced picture of the variety of views seriously considered among professionals in this field, a workshop on Food Labelling has been organised on request of the Members of the Environment, Public health and Food Safety Committee. The workshop - hosted by Rapporteur Ms Sommer - will include presentations of 3 experts, followed by a question & answer session (Q&A). During the expert sessions and the Q&A, a sandwich lunch is available to the participants of the workshop. Date: Wednesday 5 November 2008

Workshop on Novel Foods

10-09-2008

The future adoption of a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on "Novel Foods" will regulate their placing on the market. It will lay down rules for authorisation, supervision, labelling and use of novel foods. The area of novel foods is fully harmonised in the EU. Non-legislative action based, for example, on a code of good practice or guidelines could not give sufficient protection and would lack legal certainty. The safe use of novel food depends on pre-market safety evaluations ...

The future adoption of a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on "Novel Foods" will regulate their placing on the market. It will lay down rules for authorisation, supervision, labelling and use of novel foods. The area of novel foods is fully harmonised in the EU. Non-legislative action based, for example, on a code of good practice or guidelines could not give sufficient protection and would lack legal certainty. The safe use of novel food depends on pre-market safety evaluations and often on permitted conditions of use of these substances, therefore recommendations or self-regulations would not guarantee the protection of consumer's health. The workshop will assess the different elements mentioned in the Commission proposal COM(2007)872 on Novel Foods. The workshop should involve experts to advice Members of the Parliamentary ENVI Committee, giving a balanced picture of the variety of views seriously considered among professionals in this field. Date: Wednesday 10 September 2008

Външен автор

Ottilia Saxl (CEO of the Institute of Nanotechnology - IoN) Juliane Kleiner (European Food Safety Authority - EFSA) Giovanni Lercker (University of Bologna, Italy) Kees de Winter (European Consumers' Organisation - BEUC) Agnès Davi (Groupe Danone, Paris - CIAA) Ruth Chadwick (ESRC Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics - Cesagen, Cardiff University)

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