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Single-use plastics and fishing gear: Reducing marine litter

17-06-2019

Most of the plastic in our oceans originates from land-based sources. On European beaches, plastics make up 80-85 % of marine litter, which is considered a major threat to marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine litter also costs the European Union economy an estimated €259 million to €695 million per year. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a legislative proposal seeking to address the issue of marine litter from plastics. The proposal would introduce a series of measures regarding ...

Most of the plastic in our oceans originates from land-based sources. On European beaches, plastics make up 80-85 % of marine litter, which is considered a major threat to marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine litter also costs the European Union economy an estimated €259 million to €695 million per year. In May 2018, the European Commission put forward a legislative proposal seeking to address the issue of marine litter from plastics. The proposal would introduce a series of measures regarding the top 10 single-use plastics found on European beaches, as well as fishing gear, with a view to reducing their impact on the environment and ensuring a functional internal market. After completion of the legislative procedure, the final act was signed by the presidents of the co-legislators (European Parliament and Council) on 5 June 2019, and published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 12 June 2019. Member States have two years (i.e. until 3 July 2021) to transpose the new directive into national law. Fourth edition of a briefing originally drafted by Didier Bourguignon. document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Ten issues to watch in 2019

08-01-2019

This is the third edition of an annual EPRS publication designed to identify and frame some of the key issues and policy areas that are likely to feature prominently on the political agenda of the European Union over the coming year. The topics analysed are the outlook for a new European Parliament and new European Commission, the way forward for the soon-to-be EU-27, the future financing of the Union, the process of digital transformation, artificial intelligence and collective intelligence, internal ...

This is the third edition of an annual EPRS publication designed to identify and frame some of the key issues and policy areas that are likely to feature prominently on the political agenda of the European Union over the coming year. The topics analysed are the outlook for a new European Parliament and new European Commission, the way forward for the soon-to-be EU-27, the future financing of the Union, the process of digital transformation, artificial intelligence and collective intelligence, internal security, trade wars, Africa, electric mobility, and the oceans.

Marine litter: single-use plastics and fishing gear

09-07-2018

The Commission proposal aims to reduce the environmental harm from single-use plastics and fishing gear. The supporting impact assessment (IA) does not discuss the impacts on innovation, research and development or the feasibility for businesses to invest into alternative materials. The IA only briefly touches upon the implications for SMEs and does not explain why the open public consultation ran for 8 weeks instead of the 12 weeks. Finally, the proposal misses certain measures foreseen under the ...

The Commission proposal aims to reduce the environmental harm from single-use plastics and fishing gear. The supporting impact assessment (IA) does not discuss the impacts on innovation, research and development or the feasibility for businesses to invest into alternative materials. The IA only briefly touches upon the implications for SMEs and does not explain why the open public consultation ran for 8 weeks instead of the 12 weeks. Finally, the proposal misses certain measures foreseen under the preferred option and contains measures not foreseen in the IA.

Port reception facilities for the delivery of waste from ships

22-03-2018

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) (consisting of part 1 and part 2), accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, submitted on 16 January 2018 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism. Ship-generated waste, such as oily waste, sewage and garbage, poses a significant threat to the marine environment (IA part 1, p.3). The current legal framework laying down the rules applicable to ship-generated ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) (consisting of part 1 and part 2), accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, submitted on 16 January 2018 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism. Ship-generated waste, such as oily waste, sewage and garbage, poses a significant threat to the marine environment (IA part 1, p.3). The current legal framework laying down the rules applicable to ship-generated waste is Directive 2000/59/EC (hereafter referred to as 'the directive'). The directive is based on the provisions of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (the MARPOL Convention), which was developed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO)) and regulates discharges at sea. The directive strengthens the regime established under MARPOL through a port-based approach, focusing on operations in ports, including 1) development of waste reception and handling plans in ports; 2) advance notification of waste by ships before entry into port; 3) mandatory delivery of ship-generated waste; 4) payment of fees by ships for the reception of their ship-generated waste; 5) exemptions for ships engaged in scheduled traffic; 6) inspections to verify compliance with the delivery requirements; and 7) development of an information and monitoring system.

IMO’s challenges on the route to decarbonising international shipping Key Issues at Stake at the 72nd Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 72)

15-03-2018

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C. Without considerable contributions of the shipping sector to global mitigation efforts this goal will be much harder to achieve. The main issue at stake at MEPC 72 is the comprehensive IMO Strategy on the reduction of GHG emissions from ships. MEPC 72 will be preceded ...

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C. Without considerable contributions of the shipping sector to global mitigation efforts this goal will be much harder to achieve. The main issue at stake at MEPC 72 is the comprehensive IMO Strategy on the reduction of GHG emissions from ships. MEPC 72 will be preceded by a weeklong meeting of the GHG Working Group that will discuss issues relating to this Strategy with the view to adopt the Initial Strategy at MEPC 72.

Външен автор

Jakob Graichen, Martin Cames, Vanessa Cook

Интегрирана морска политика

01-01-2018

Интегрираната морска политика (ИМП) представлява цялостен подход към всички политики на ЕС, свързани с моретата и океаните. Основана на идеята, че Съюзът може да извлече по-голяма полза от моретата и океаните с по-малко въздействие върху околната среда чрез координиране на своите политики, ИМП обхваща такива различни области като рибарство и аквакултура, морско корабоплаване и пристанища, морска среда, морски изследвания, енергия от разположени в морето инсталации, корабостроене и индустрии, свързани ...

Интегрираната морска политика (ИМП) представлява цялостен подход към всички политики на ЕС, свързани с моретата и океаните. Основана на идеята, че Съюзът може да извлече по-голяма полза от моретата и океаните с по-малко въздействие върху околната среда чрез координиране на своите политики, ИМП обхваща такива различни области като рибарство и аквакултура, морско корабоплаване и пристанища, морска среда, морски изследвания, енергия от разположени в морето инсталации, корабостроене и индустрии, свързани с морето, морски надзор, морски и крайбрежен туризъм, заетост, развитие на крайбрежните региони и външни отношения в морското дело.

EU action to combat marine litter

15-05-2017

This report summarises four presentations by experts and discussions which took place at the workshop ‘EU Action to Combat Marine Litter’ held on 3rd May 2017 in the European Parliament in Brussels. The aim was to provide background information to the ENVI Committee’s Members and contribute to their understanding of the need to tackle marine litter and the challenges involved. The Circular Economy Action Plan and Plastics Strategy are recognised as policy windows in addressing this form of pollution ...

This report summarises four presentations by experts and discussions which took place at the workshop ‘EU Action to Combat Marine Litter’ held on 3rd May 2017 in the European Parliament in Brussels. The aim was to provide background information to the ENVI Committee’s Members and contribute to their understanding of the need to tackle marine litter and the challenges involved. The Circular Economy Action Plan and Plastics Strategy are recognised as policy windows in addressing this form of pollution. The workshop and this report has been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) of the European Parliament.

Външен автор

J.-P. Schweitzer, E.Watkins, H.Jones, S. Gionfra

The UN Ocean Conference - June 2017, Guidance to the ENVI Committee of the European Parliament

14-04-2017

This briefing, provided to the European Parliament in preparation for the UN Ocean Conference in New York in June 2017 takes into account discussions and developments until March 2017. The briefing includes: an overview of the UN 2030 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goal 14 (SDG 14); a description of the Ocean Conference, including the Preparatory Meeting held in February 2017 and other issues leading up to the Conference; the position of governments and stakeholders in ocean use and governance ...

This briefing, provided to the European Parliament in preparation for the UN Ocean Conference in New York in June 2017 takes into account discussions and developments until March 2017. The briefing includes: an overview of the UN 2030 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goal 14 (SDG 14); a description of the Ocean Conference, including the Preparatory Meeting held in February 2017 and other issues leading up to the Conference; the position of governments and stakeholders in ocean use and governance; the role of the EU and its current marine policies, actors and bodies; and finally a short conclusion and set of recommendations.

Външен автор

Benjamin Boteler, Lucy O. smith, Ralph Bodle, Lena Donat

The IMO – for 'safe, secure and efficient shipping on clean oceans'

15-02-2016

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a United Nations specialised agency responsible for regulating international shipping. Since 1959, when it met for the first time, the IMO's overarching objectives have been the improvement of maritime safety and the prevention of marine pollution, to which maritime security was added later. The organisation's functioning reflects the diverging interests of its 171 member states acting in diverse capacities as port, coastal and flag states on the ...

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a United Nations specialised agency responsible for regulating international shipping. Since 1959, when it met for the first time, the IMO's overarching objectives have been the improvement of maritime safety and the prevention of marine pollution, to which maritime security was added later. The organisation's functioning reflects the diverging interests of its 171 member states acting in diverse capacities as port, coastal and flag states on the one hand, and as developed, developing or least developed states, on the other. The main legal instruments used by the IMO are conventions. Generally regarded as being of a high standard, the body of technical rules adopted through these conventions is widely accepted. In contrast, the IMO received criticism in 2015 for its approach to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping, perceived as insufficient. While all EU Member States and the European Commission take part in IMO meetings, the EU has over the years developed and applied its own maritime legislation, which has on occasion stirred debate within the international shipping community. In 2015, the European Parliament sent its first-ever delegation to an IMO meeting. Furthermore, the Parliament added its voice to the international community calling on the IMO to step up action on reducing shipping emissions.

The European Maritime Safety Agency

01-07-2015

As one of the EU's decentralised bodies, the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) was set up in 2003 to perform specific tasks under EU law. Based in Lisbon, the Agency helps to enforce EU maritime regulations and provides technical and scientific assistance to ensure high, uniform and effective levels of maritime safety and security. EMSA also works to prevent pollution and responds to pollution caused by ships or oil and gas installations. Its maritime surveillance expertise serves purposes as ...

As one of the EU's decentralised bodies, the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) was set up in 2003 to perform specific tasks under EU law. Based in Lisbon, the Agency helps to enforce EU maritime regulations and provides technical and scientific assistance to ensure high, uniform and effective levels of maritime safety and security. EMSA also works to prevent pollution and responds to pollution caused by ships or oil and gas installations. Its maritime surveillance expertise serves purposes as varied as combating illegal fishing and piracy, and containing the spread of Ebola fever.

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