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Living in the EU: Climate Change and Energy

30-04-2019

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, considering economic prosperity and environmental protection interdependent. As energy policies are a competence shared between the EU and its Member States (MS) joint strategic planning is strongly developed. Human activities can have adverse impacts on the environment, and subsequently on our well-being. Therefore, it is vital to monitor how MS perform in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy supply, ...

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, considering economic prosperity and environmental protection interdependent. As energy policies are a competence shared between the EU and its Member States (MS) joint strategic planning is strongly developed. Human activities can have adverse impacts on the environment, and subsequently on our well-being. Therefore, it is vital to monitor how MS perform in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy supply, considering that alongside the energy model, human behaviour of EU citizens represents the key element to prevent climate change.

Extension of the European statistical programme (ESP) to 2018-2020

25-01-2018

The ESP 2013-2017 is ‘the legal framework for the development, production and dissemination of European statistics’. The European Commission is of the view that the current statistical infrastructure is not flexible enough and that the European Statistical System partnership does not yet deliver sufficient cost savings because of lack of investment. That is why, in line with the ten priorities of the Juncker agenda, it proposed an extension of the current programme, additional funding, and modifications ...

The ESP 2013-2017 is ‘the legal framework for the development, production and dissemination of European statistics’. The European Commission is of the view that the current statistical infrastructure is not flexible enough and that the European Statistical System partnership does not yet deliver sufficient cost savings because of lack of investment. That is why, in line with the ten priorities of the Juncker agenda, it proposed an extension of the current programme, additional funding, and modifications to the main text of Regulation (EU) No 99/2013 and its annex. The European Parliament and the Council also inserted amendments – mainly to the annex of the regulation, which sets out the statistical infrastructure and objectives of the ESP – to enrich the statistics used for the implementation of the programme with statistics capturing employment, quality of life, gender inequality, the situation of migrants, education and healthcare. Adopted in October 2017, the extension of the programme has applied since 1 January 2018.

Research for TRAN Committee - Decarbonisation of EU transport

05-09-2017

This study shows that very significant GHG reductions are still necessary in the transport sector to meet EU medium and long-term climate targets. The urgency of swift policy action has increased with the Paris Agreement.

This study shows that very significant GHG reductions are still necessary in the transport sector to meet EU medium and long-term climate targets. The urgency of swift policy action has increased with the Paris Agreement.

Външен автор

CE Delft: Anco Hoen, Anouk van Grinsven, Bettina Kampman, Jasper Faber, Huib van Essen ; TERP: Ian Skinner

Transport CO2 emissions in focus

18-11-2015

On 30 November 2015, the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is due to start in Paris. The aim is for the Parties to adopt binding rules to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and keep global warming below an increase of 2˚C. This overview shows how about 25% of CO2 emissions in the EU result from transport activities. The map below gives the share of transport emissions (from fuel combustion, not including indirect emissions from ...

On 30 November 2015, the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is due to start in Paris. The aim is for the Parties to adopt binding rules to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and keep global warming below an increase of 2˚C. This overview shows how about 25% of CO2 emissions in the EU result from transport activities. The map below gives the share of transport emissions (from fuel combustion, not including indirect emissions from electricity use) in the total CO2 emissions in each Member State, and the volume contribution of different transport modes to the EU total. While in other sectors the volumes of CO2 emissions have decreased between 1990 and 2012, those resulting from transport show increases, in some cases more than twofold.

Negative greenhouse gas emissions: Assessments of feasibility, potential effectiveness, costs and risks

10-06-2015

The negotiating text for the new international climate agreement contains several references to 'net-zero' carbon emissions. This level of emissions is to be achieved some time in the second half of this century to avoid the dangerous levels of global warming that would result from high greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. Since some carbon emissions cannot be avoided completely (for example in agriculture, aviation and iron production), carbon dioxide (CO2) would have to be removed from ...

The negotiating text for the new international climate agreement contains several references to 'net-zero' carbon emissions. This level of emissions is to be achieved some time in the second half of this century to avoid the dangerous levels of global warming that would result from high greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. Since some carbon emissions cannot be avoided completely (for example in agriculture, aviation and iron production), carbon dioxide (CO2) would have to be removed from the air, resulting in 'negative emissions' that compensate for the remaining emissions. Negative emissions may also be needed to reduce atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations if safe limits are exceeded. Most of the climate stabilisation scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assume the use of negative emission technologies. Recent reports by Oxford University and the US National Academy of Sciences assess available and emerging negative emission technologies, along with their benefits and risks. The reports agree that negative emission technologies are not a substitute for substantial cuts in emissions, but they are expected to play an important role in climate stabilisation by compensating for the remaining emissions. The cheapest and least risky approaches in the short to medium term are forestation and soil carbon enhancement. Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage may play a big role later in this century. Other technologies are still considered too expensive, risky and energy-intensive. Questions of financing and governance remain unresolved.

Water use in the EU

29-05-2015

Water stress is steadily increasing, as a result either of droughts – a temporary decline in water resources due to low rainfall – or situations of water scarcity, where demand exceeds the level of sustainable use. Assessment of the global use of water resources is hampered by the lack of established standards, and conventional measurements may yield diverging results.

Water stress is steadily increasing, as a result either of droughts – a temporary decline in water resources due to low rainfall – or situations of water scarcity, where demand exceeds the level of sustainable use. Assessment of the global use of water resources is hampered by the lack of established standards, and conventional measurements may yield diverging results.

Safeguarding biological diversity: EU policy and international agreements

01-04-2015

Biodiversity, the diversity of life on earth at all levels, is declining, mainly as a result of human-induced pressures such as over-exploitation of natural resources, loss of viable habitats, pollution, climate change or invasive alien species. EU biodiversity policy is based on the Birds and Habitats Directives, which served as the basis for the development of the Natura 2000 network of protected sites now covering 1 million square kilometres on land (or 18% of EU land area) and 250 000 square ...

Biodiversity, the diversity of life on earth at all levels, is declining, mainly as a result of human-induced pressures such as over-exploitation of natural resources, loss of viable habitats, pollution, climate change or invasive alien species. EU biodiversity policy is based on the Birds and Habitats Directives, which served as the basis for the development of the Natura 2000 network of protected sites now covering 1 million square kilometres on land (or 18% of EU land area) and 250 000 square kilometres of marine sites. The policy is driven by the biodiversity strategy setting ambitious aims for 2020 (halting the loss of biodiversity) and 2050 (protecting and valuing biodiversity and ecosystem services), with the addition of a strategy on green infrastructure. The European Commission estimates that the Natura 2000 network delivers benefits worth between €200 and €300 billion per year, against management costs estimated at €5.8 billion per year. The LIFE Programme co-finances some measures related to biodiversity, especially as regards Natura 2000. Funding aimed at protecting biodiversity is also available under the agricultural, regional, fisheries, and research policies. The European Parliament has long been supportive of EU biodiversity protection policy. Developments in EU biodiversity policy include a process of 'biodiversity proofing' of the EU budget, improved monitoring, definition of priorities for the restoration of degraded ecosystems, 'biodiversity offsetting' of unavoidable residual impacts, and a 'fitness check' of EU nature legislation.

Review of EU waste management targets: Initial Appraisal of the Commission's Impact Assessment

14-10-2014

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying its proposal for a Directive amending exisitng directives on waste, waste packaging, landfill of waste, end-of-life vehicles, batteries and waste electrical and electronic equipment, transmitted on 14 July 2014. Prepared by the Ex-Ante Impact Assessment Unit for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) of the European ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying its proposal for a Directive amending exisitng directives on waste, waste packaging, landfill of waste, end-of-life vehicles, batteries and waste electrical and electronic equipment, transmitted on 14 July 2014. Prepared by the Ex-Ante Impact Assessment Unit for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) of the European Parliament, it analyses whether the principal criteria laid down in the Commission’s own Impact Assessment Guidelines, as well as additional factors identified by the Parliament in its Impact Assessment Handbook, appear to be met by the IA. It does not attempt to deal with the substance of the proposal. It is drafted for informational and background purposes to assist the  committee and Members more widely in their work.

Climate Change Legislation and Initiatives at International Level and Design options for Future International Climate Policy

05-12-2007

Външен автор

Dr. Niklas Höhne Sara Moltmann Dr. Martina Jung Christian Ellermann Markus Hagemann

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