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El derecho a la salud, una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado: Argentina

25-11-2021

Este documento se integra en una serie de estudios que, desde una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado, tienen como objeto analizar el derecho a la salud en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Tras la explicación de la normativa y la jurisprudencia de aplicación, se examinan el contenido, los límites y la posible evolución de dicho derecho. El presente estudio tiene por objeto el caso de Argentina. El Derecho a la Salud en Argentina es un derecho humano inserto en la conciencia colectiva como un valor ...

Este documento se integra en una serie de estudios que, desde una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado, tienen como objeto analizar el derecho a la salud en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Tras la explicación de la normativa y la jurisprudencia de aplicación, se examinan el contenido, los límites y la posible evolución de dicho derecho. El presente estudio tiene por objeto el caso de Argentina. El Derecho a la Salud en Argentina es un derecho humano inserto en la conciencia colectiva como un valor social, sin embargo, la dimensión normativa contrasta con la realidad de un sistema de salud fragmentario e inequitativo, originado por la organización federal del Estado (el Estado nacional junto a 24 entidades federadas) y la multiplicidad de sujetos al servicio de salud en tensión entre una matriz prestacional privada-mercantilista, financiada por intermediarios, y otra pública-estatal solidaria, universal y gratuita.

El derecho a la salud, una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado: España

24-11-2021

Este documento se integra en una serie de estudios que, desde una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado, tienen como objeto analizar el derecho a la salud en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Tras la explicación de la normativa y la jurisprudencia de aplicación, se examinan el contenido, los límites y la posible evolución de dicho derecho. El presente trabajo examina la naturaleza y evolución del derecho a la salud en el ordenamiento jurídico español, consagrado en el artículo 43 de la Constitución ...

Este documento se integra en una serie de estudios que, desde una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado, tienen como objeto analizar el derecho a la salud en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Tras la explicación de la normativa y la jurisprudencia de aplicación, se examinan el contenido, los límites y la posible evolución de dicho derecho. El presente trabajo examina la naturaleza y evolución del derecho a la salud en el ordenamiento jurídico español, consagrado en el artículo 43 de la Constitución española. A tal fin, el trabajo examina en primer lugar su origen histórico en Derecho español, así como su desarrollo en el ordenamiento jurídico positivo y en la doctrina jurisprudencial del TC. Posteriormente, se propone un concepto del derecho en el ordenamiento español, se analiza su relación de conflicto con otros derechos fundamentales y, en fin, se abordan las posibles “áreas grises” cohonestadas con el mismo. El trabajo concluye analizando el estatus de protección del derecho en nuestro ordenamiento, así como los principales retos de futuro a que se enfrenta en las próximas décadas.

World Diabetes Day 2021

10-11-2021

World Diabetes Day – marked every year on 14 November – was proclaimed by the United Nations in 2007 to raise awareness of diabetes and related complications, and to promote prevention and care, including through education. World Diabetes Day also offers an opportunity to evaluate progress in the EU.

World Diabetes Day – marked every year on 14 November – was proclaimed by the United Nations in 2007 to raise awareness of diabetes and related complications, and to promote prevention and care, including through education. World Diabetes Day also offers an opportunity to evaluate progress in the EU.

Das Recht auf Gesundheit, eine rechtsvergleichende Perspektive: Deutschland

29-10-2021

Dieses Dokument ist Teil einer Reihe von Studien, mit denen das Recht auf Gesundheit in verschiedenen Staaten aus rechtsvergleichender Sicht dargestellt werden soll. Nach einer Erklärung der einschlägigen Rechtsvorschriften und Rechtsprechung werden der Inhalt, die Grenzen und die mögliche Entwicklung dieses Rechts analysiert. Die vorliegende Studie hat den Fall Deutschland zum Gegenstand. Ein „Recht auf Gesundheit“ ist dem deutschen Verfassungsrecht fremd. Das „Recht auf Leben und körperliche Unversehrtheit ...

Dieses Dokument ist Teil einer Reihe von Studien, mit denen das Recht auf Gesundheit in verschiedenen Staaten aus rechtsvergleichender Sicht dargestellt werden soll. Nach einer Erklärung der einschlägigen Rechtsvorschriften und Rechtsprechung werden der Inhalt, die Grenzen und die mögliche Entwicklung dieses Rechts analysiert. Die vorliegende Studie hat den Fall Deutschland zum Gegenstand. Ein „Recht auf Gesundheit“ ist dem deutschen Verfassungsrecht fremd. Das „Recht auf Leben und körperliche Unversehrtheit“ nach Art. 2 Abs. 2 Satz 1 Grundgesetz schützt nicht die Gesundheit als solche. Allerdings ist dieses Grundrecht, das zunächst ein Abwehrrecht gegen staatliche Eingriffe darstellte, durch das Bundesverfassungsgericht auch in seiner Schutzpflichtdimension entfaltet worden. Danach gebietet das Grundrecht dem Staat, sich schützend und fördernd vor das menschliche Leben zu stellen. Unabhängig von den verfassungsrechtlichen Determinanten hat sich seit der Bismarckschen Sozialgesetzgebung mit dem Sozialgesetzbuch, ferner durch das Infektionsschutzgesetz und zahlreiche weitere Kodifikationen ein umfangreiches einfachgesetzliches Gesundheitsrecht gebildet.

Външен автор

Prof. Dr. Franz REIMER, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

Domestic use of EU Digital Covid Certificates

26-10-2021

Just before summer 2021, the EU adopted in record time (see timeline below) two regulations on the EU Digital Covid Certificate. The certificate with a QR code shows if a person has been vaccinated, tested negative or recovered from Covid-19. It is free of charge, available on paper or on a smartphone, and valid in all EU Member States. In total, 43 countries in the world are connected to the EU Digital Covid Certificate system. Its aim is to facilitate safe cross-border movement during the Covid ...

Just before summer 2021, the EU adopted in record time (see timeline below) two regulations on the EU Digital Covid Certificate. The certificate with a QR code shows if a person has been vaccinated, tested negative or recovered from Covid-19. It is free of charge, available on paper or on a smartphone, and valid in all EU Member States. In total, 43 countries in the world are connected to the EU Digital Covid Certificate system. Its aim is to facilitate safe cross-border movement during the Covid-19 pandemic, but Member States are also free to use it for other purposes. This overview shows which Member States are using Covid-19 certificates for other purposes than cross-border travel (data as of 25 October 2021). It indicates where and from whom it is required, as well as which proofs are accepted. Some countries use a different name for the certificate: e.g. CovidCheck, SafePass, Corona/health pass(port). In all Member States, the EU Digital Covid Certificate is accepted as proof of vaccination, test or recovery. Some (like Austria) also accept other proofs, such as proof of neutralising antibodies.

Outcome of the European Council meeting of 21-22 October 2021

25-10-2021

The regular European Council meeting of 21-22 October 2021 dedicated significant time to discussing the rule of law and the rise in energy prices – which have become particularly salient topics at national and European level – as well as to migration. On the rule of law, EU leaders had a political discussion, underlining the importance of the rule of law for the EU, but did not adopt concrete conclusions. Regarding the recent spike in energy prices, they agreed on pursuing short-term, tailored and ...

The regular European Council meeting of 21-22 October 2021 dedicated significant time to discussing the rule of law and the rise in energy prices – which have become particularly salient topics at national and European level – as well as to migration. On the rule of law, EU leaders had a political discussion, underlining the importance of the rule of law for the EU, but did not adopt concrete conclusions. Regarding the recent spike in energy prices, they agreed on pursuing short-term, tailored and targeted national measures, and will continue to look for a consensus on long-term measures at the next European Council meeting. Leaders also took stock of the coronavirus pandemic, reviewed progress on the digital agenda and related key legislative files, and held a strategic debate on trade.

Le droit à la santé, une perspective de droit comparé : France

21-10-2021

Ce document s’intègre dans une série d’études qui, avec une perspective de droit comparé, vise à faire une présentation du droit à la santé dans différents ordres juridiques. Après avoir expliqué la réglementation et la jurisprudence d’application, le contenu, les limites et les évolutions possibles de ce droit sont examinés. La présente étude a pour objet le cas de la France. Reconnu en 1946, le statut juridique du « droit à la santé » est difficile à cerner : l’aspect collectif semble l’emporter ...

Ce document s’intègre dans une série d’études qui, avec une perspective de droit comparé, vise à faire une présentation du droit à la santé dans différents ordres juridiques. Après avoir expliqué la réglementation et la jurisprudence d’application, le contenu, les limites et les évolutions possibles de ce droit sont examinés. La présente étude a pour objet le cas de la France. Reconnu en 1946, le statut juridique du « droit à la santé » est difficile à cerner : l’aspect collectif semble l’emporter et c’est donc avant tout la santé publique qui bénéficie d’une protection constitutionnelle. C’est pourquoi la doctrine française préfère discuter d’un droit à la protection de la santé. La crise sanitaire liée à la Covid-19 a largement confirmé la protection avant tout accordée à la santé publique parfois au détriment des autres libertés même si les plus hautes juridictions (Conseil constitutionnel et Conseil d’Etat) ont presque toujours relevé que les mesures prises étaient proportionnées.

Външен автор

Ce document a été rédigé par Prof. Dr Marie-Claire PONTHOREAU, Professeur de droit public à l’Université de Bordeaux, à la demande de l’Unité « Bibliothèque de droit comparé », Direction générale des services de recherche parlementaire (DG EPRS), Secrétariat général du Parlement européen.

Outlook for the European Council meeting of 21-22 October 2021

15-10-2021

The regular European Council meeting of 21-22 October 2021 will discuss the coronavirus pandemic, digital policy, migration, energy prices and external relations. Regarding the coronavirus pandemic, EU Heads of State or Government will focus on EU coordination, resilience and readiness in terms of health crises and the EU's future preparedness for the short and medium terms. The discussions at the meeting on both digital policy and on migration are expected to be stock-taking exercises, assessing ...

The regular European Council meeting of 21-22 October 2021 will discuss the coronavirus pandemic, digital policy, migration, energy prices and external relations. Regarding the coronavirus pandemic, EU Heads of State or Government will focus on EU coordination, resilience and readiness in terms of health crises and the EU's future preparedness for the short and medium terms. The discussions at the meeting on both digital policy and on migration are expected to be stock-taking exercises, assessing the implementation of previous European Council decisions and possibly adding further specifications to them. If the update of the Schengen Borders Code were to be addressed in the context of migration, this could generate a strong debate, since despite overall support for strong external EU borders, Member States have diverging views on how border protection should be assured. EU leaders could also debate energy prices at length, as the issue has become high profile in many Member States. Regarding external relations, discussions in the European Council will focus on preparations for forthcoming international events, notably the ASEM and the Eastern Partnership summits, and the COP26 climate conference. In addition, the Presidents of the European Council, Charles Michel, and the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, may brief EU Heads of State or Government on the recent EU-Ukraine Summit, held on 12 October 2021.

European Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Authority (HERA): Pre-legislative synthesis of national, regional and local positions on the European Commission's initiative

15-10-2021

This Briefing forms part of an EPRS series which offers a synthesis of the pre-legislative state-of-play and advance consultation on a range of key European Commission priorities during the latter’s five-year term in office. It seeks to summarise the state of affairs in the relevant policy field, examine how existing policy is working on the ground, and identify best practice and ideas for the future on the part of governmental organisations at all levels of European system of multilevel governance ...

This Briefing forms part of an EPRS series which offers a synthesis of the pre-legislative state-of-play and advance consultation on a range of key European Commission priorities during the latter’s five-year term in office. It seeks to summarise the state of affairs in the relevant policy field, examine how existing policy is working on the ground, and identify best practice and ideas for the future on the part of governmental organisations at all levels of European system of multilevel governance. This analysis of the positions of partner organisations at EU, national, regional and local levels suggests that they would like the following main considerations to be reflected in discussion of the legislative proposal to establish an emergency framework for a European Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Authority (HERA): * Governmental organisations at all levels advocate a robust operational and infrastructural framework, with a long-term vision, a coherent legal structure and efficient decision-making procedures. They generally favour a comprehensive impact assessment in advance of the establishment of HERA. * Public authorities at national, regional and local levels suggest that the HERA should develop a strong relationship with the World Health Organization (WHO). Some governmental organisations especially stress the need for robust links with developing countries. * Public authorities agree on the need for a clear interface between HERA, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA). A further issue is the relationship between HERA and existing EU operational crisis management mechanisms, where national authorities recommend avoiding duplication of work. They also suggest taking into account regional and local circumstances in a coordinated crisis response. * Many governmental organisations hold a rather positive view of the interaction between the EU and the national levels, where HERA could have a beneficial coordinating role, although some public authorities have expressed concern about possible conflicts of competence between national and EU levels in the health sector.

Protecting workers from asbestos

13-10-2021

Asbestos is the one of the main causes of work-related cancers, despite its EU-wide ban in 2005. Asbestos-related risks persist and will be a health-risk factor in the context of the European Green Deal 'renovation wave', aimed at helping make buildings fit for a climate-neutral Europe. A legislative-initiative report setting out proposals for a 'European strategy for the removal of all asbestos' (ESRAA) is expected to be put to the vote during the October II plenary session.

Asbestos is the one of the main causes of work-related cancers, despite its EU-wide ban in 2005. Asbestos-related risks persist and will be a health-risk factor in the context of the European Green Deal 'renovation wave', aimed at helping make buildings fit for a climate-neutral Europe. A legislative-initiative report setting out proposals for a 'European strategy for the removal of all asbestos' (ESRAA) is expected to be put to the vote during the October II plenary session.

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