Climate action in Greece: Latest state of play

Briefing 24-06-2021

The EU's binding climate and energy legislation for 2030 requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) covering the period 2021 to 2030. In October 2020, the European Commission published an assessment for each NECP. Greece submitted its NECP in December 2019. Greece accounts for 2.4 % of total EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and has reduced its emissions at a higher pace than the EU average since 2005. The carbon intensity of the Greek economy decreased by 23 % from 2005 to 2019, at a slower rate than the EU-27 average. Energy industry emissions fell by almost 45 % in the 2005-2019 period in Greece, reducing their share of total emissions by 14 %. Further reductions are expected as the country proceeds with phasing out lignite-fired power plants. The sector that showed the greatest percentage reduction in emissions between 2005 and 2019 – 54 % – was manufacturing industries and construction. Transport and agriculture were the sectors with the lowest reductions. Under the Effort-sharing Decision for the 2013 2020 period, Greece needs to reduce its emissions in sectors not included in the EU's emission trading system by 4 %, compared with 2005 levels, and is on track to achieving it. The share of renewable energy sources in Greece reached 19.7 % in 2019. The country's 2030 target of a 35 % share is focused mainly on changes to the transport and heating and cooling sectors. This briefing is one in a series which will cover all EU Member States.