The New EFSD+ and the EIB’s External Lending Mandate

Studie 28-02-2022

This study provides an overview of the EFSD+, a core part of the NDICI-Global Europe Instrument. The study situates the EFSD+ in the context of previous EU experiences with the use of blended finance and guarantees to address external action objectives, focusing on the EIB’s External Lending Mandate (ELM) and the European Fund for Sustainable Development (EFSD). The study examines key challenges related to the accountability and performance of these instruments to inform oversight of EFSD+ implementation.