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The food supply chain ensures that food and drink products are delivered to the public. It affects all consumers in the EU. The final price paid by the consumer is impacted by the number of participants in the food supply chain. While the single market has brought benefits to operators in the supply chain through more market opportunities and a larger customer base, it has also brought challenges. Structural changes have occurred, leading to different levels of bargaining power and imbalances between ...

The link between high consumption of trans fats, sugar and salt, found in high amounts in processed food, and an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), type 2 diabetes and various cancers is well established. In the current food market, calorie-rich, processed food, wrapped with ambiguous labels, is readily available, cheap and heavily promoted. But what if consumers could be prompted to make healthier food choices?

The Commission proposal aims to strengthen the resilience of weaker operators in the food supply chain and improve its functioning. The supporting impact assessment appears to be substantially constrained by the limited evidence base. The data on the scale of the problem seems limited and precise quantifications of costs and benefits of the option packages was not feasible. The stakeholder consultation activities, on the other hand, have largely followed the requirements of the Better Regulation ...

The bioeconomy refers to the production and extraction of renewable biological resources and their conversion into food and feed, bio-based products and bioenergy. Although primarily based on activities carried out, in some form, for centuries or millennia (such as farming, fisheries or forestry), the bioeconomy emerged in the past decade as a knowledge-driven concept aimed at meeting a number of today's challenges. In the European Union (EU), the bioeconomy sectors have an annual turnover of about ...

This study was prepared for Policy Department A at the request of the Environmental, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee, and updates the earlier 2013 briefing. It provides an overview of the food safety situation in Ireland. It outlines the Irish food and drink industry, the structure and organisation of the food safety and control system involved in food safety in Ireland and a description of current food safety issues in Ireland. An overview of the structure and competencies of the ...

Unfair trade practices imposed by the stronger party to a contract can have a profound impact on the functioning of the market, increasing costs and reducing revenues of the parties that experience them. This background paper reviews unfair trade practices that can appear on any side of the B2B (Business-to-Business ) transaction, in any sector of the market. Recently unfair trading practices have been of particular interest to the EU in relation to food supply chains. Briefing concludes that any ...

To protect public health, new foods or food ingredients ('novel foods') require safety assessment and authorisation before they can be placed on the EU market. The current authorisation process covering novel foods is seen by the food industry as complex, expensive and time-consuming. In addition, stakeholders agree that updating the current Novel Foods Regulation, which dates back to 1997, is urgently needed to reflect scientific and technological advances. In December 2013, the Commission presented ...

This study reviews and updates the previous 2013 report on Food safety policies and regulation in the United States. In particular the review considers the basic relevant legislative acts and the organisation of various branches of government, key changes in approach or implementation have also been identified. In addition, a list of the legislative requirements related to food safety in relation to the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) is presented. A brief description is also ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions during the Workshop on Novel Foods, held on 7 October 2014. The aim of the workshop was to allow an exchange of views between MEPs, the European Commission, stakeholders of the novel foods industry, NGOs, public administration and academia. There is general agreement that amendment to the Novel Foods Regulation is required to reflect scientific and technological advances. Following an outline of the current state of play, presentations focussed ...

In February 2013, the European Union (EU) and the United States of America (US) started the procedures necessary for initiating formal negotiations on a free trade agreement, referred to as the “Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership” (TTIP). The first round of negotiations took place in Washington D.C. in July 2013, the seventh round ended on 3 October 2014 and the eight round is taking place in Brussels from 2 to 6 February 2015. In order to monitor the on-going negotiations, the Committee ...