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Strengthening Europol's mandate

Briefing 06-07-2022

On 9 December 2020, along with its counter-terrorism agenda, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation to reinforce the mandate of Europol, the EU law enforcement cooperation agency. The proposed regulation aims principally at rendering Europol's cooperation with private parties more effective; responding to the agency's 'big data challenge', by providing a legal basis for processing large and complex datasets, including personal data of data subjects not related to a crime; and ...

Croatia enters the euro area

Ve stručnosti 29-06-2022

On 1 January 2023, Croatia is set to become the 20th country to join the euro area and adopt the common currency. Two independent assessments, from the European Commission and the European Central Bank (ECB), found that Croatia fulfils the requirements for accession to the euro area. Nonetheless, significant challenges remain in order for Croatia to be able to maintain a sustainable convergence path in the medium term.

Public financing of enterprises, which has been on the rise globally, can have a distortive effect on competitive markets. In response to this trend, in May 2021 the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation to tackle foreign subsidies with a distortive effect on the EU single market. It would enable the Commission to investigate subsidies granted by non-EU public authorities to companies operating on the single market, and to apply countervailing measures, should these subsidies ...

World Day Against Child Labour

Ve stručnosti 10-06-2022

The International Labour Organization (ILO) introduced the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002, as part of their efforts to eradicate this unacceptable phenomenon. The day is observed annually on 12 June, and this year the theme is 'Universal Social Protection to End Child Labour'. It is also an opportunity to consider measures taken at international and EU level. This is an update of an 'At a glance' note published in June 2021.

On 14 July 2021, the European Commission presented the fit for 55 package – including a number of proposals to help cut emissions from transport. The package includes a proposal to increase production and use of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF), also known as the ReFuelEU Aviation initiative. In this proposal, the Commission puts forward obligations on fuel suppliers to distribute SAF when supplying fuel at EU airports, in order to enhance SAF uptake by airlines and so help reduce emissions from ...

The current EU rules provide to haulage companies the possibility to use hired vehicles, but also allow Member States to restrict this. As part of the 2017 road transport mobility package, the European Commission proposed to soften the existing restrictions and establish a uniform regulatory framework, which would give transport operators across the EU equal access to the market for hired goods vehicles. As co-legislators, the European Parliament and the Council have agreed new rules in October 2021 ...

The Roma are Europe's largest ethnic minority. Out of an estimated total of 10 to12 million Roma in Europe as a whole, some 6 million live in the European Union (EU), most of whom are citizens of an EU Member State. A significant number of Roma people live in very poor socio-economic conditions. The social exclusion, discrimination and segregation they face are mutually reinforcing. Their restricted access to education, and difficulties in entering the labour market, result in low income and poor ...

This paper aims to support the scrutiny of the national Recovery and Resilience Plans and its implementation by providing an overview of EU stakeholders, other relevant institutions and bodies’ assessments/opinions related to these plans, including specific monitoring activities by think tanks and civil society organisations. Furthermore, it includes a summary of the Commission assessments of the overall involvement of stakeholders in the recovery and resilience plans. The paper will be regularly ...

During its March session, the European Parliament is expected to vote on a report on the EU's 2020 action plan to promote gender equality in the world. The report, prepared jointly by Parliament's Committees on Development (DEVE) and on Women's Rights and Gender Equality (FEMM) welcomes the EU action plan, but outlines several areas in which the EU needs to do more, not least given the negative impact of the pandemic.

Central banks attach great importance to inflation expectations. Households’ and firms’ expectations about the future path of inflation affect wage and price setting as well as consumption and investment decisions. Financial market participants’ expectations are relevant because they influence financial prices and financing conditions. Inflation expectations “anchored” around the inflation target are seen as a pre-condition for maintaining price stability and credibility of the central bank. Starting ...