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One of the most appealing aspects of blockchain technology is the degree of transparency that it can provide. Blockchain has the potential to improve supply chains and clinical trials, enforce the law, enable responsible consumption and enhance democratic governance through a traceability of information as a means of ensuring that nothing is unduly modified. The level of transparency that blockchain brings forward adds a degree of accountability that has not existed to date. At the same time, one ...

A number of companies, universities and start-ups are racing to develop the fastest supercomputer in global rankings. So far China, Switzerland and the USA occupy the top four places in this regard, while the EU does not feature in the top 10. To address the situation, the European Commission has launched, as part of its European cloud strategy, a target plan to acquire and develop European high-performance computers that would rank among the world's top three by 2022. This would allow European science ...

V roce 2015 generální ředitelství Evropského parlamentu pro parlamentní výzkumné služby (GŘ EPRS) otevřelo novou cestu svou publikací „Deset technologií, které by mohly změnit naše životy – možné dopady a důsledky politik“, ve které každá kapitola zdůrazňuje určitou technologii, její přísliby a možné negativní důsledky a úlohu, kterou by Evropský parlament mohl a měl hrát při utváření tohoto rozvoje. Tato nová studie na tuto práci navazuje a předkládá dalších deset technologií, které budou stále ...

Terrorist attacks in major cities – notably in Paris, Nice, Brussels, Berlin and, most recently, Manchester – have shocked Europeans, highlighting the security challenges for open democracies that result, inter alia, from conflicts in the Middle East and Africa and religious radicalisation at home. In response, the European Union is pushing ahead with its Security Union concept to boost cooperation among Member States and use synergies in combatting terrorism. This note offers links to recent commentaries ...

Could the theory of quantum mechanics one day revolutionise commonplace technical devices such as sensors, communication devices and computers? Quantum mechanics is a scientific theory that has revolutionised our understanding of the Universe. In the world of classical physics, a system is always in one particular state (e.g. at rest or in motion) while in the quantum world, a system can be in a superposition of two or more states. Performing a measurement on such a superposition causes it to collapse ...

The main objective of part two of this study is to provide the European Parliament with policy options, based on technology foresight, with regard to the protection of the EuropeanInformation Society against mass surveillance from a perspective of technology and organisational foresight. Four scenarios with two to four technology options each were developed in this study, leading to twenty-three policy options.

This document identifies the risks of data breaches for users of publicly available Internet services such as email, social networks and cloud computing, and the possible impacts for them and the European Information Society. It presents the latest technology advances allowing the analysis of user data and their meta-data on a mass scale for surveillance reasons. It identifies technological and organisational measures and the key stakeholders for reducing the risks identified. Finally the study proposes ...

Volume 1 - Presentation and Analysis. Containing four studies, this volume, commissioned by STOA, on electronic surveillance and the risk of abuse of economic information compares and contrasts the legislation covering fundamental freedoms with the respect for human rights. Volume 2 - The state of the art in communications. Communications Intelligence (COMINT) of automated processing for intelligence purposes of inrtercepted broadband multi-language leased or common carrier systems, and its applicability ...