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Norway's political parties ahead of the elections

05-09-2017

On 11 September 2017, Norwegian voters will be heading to the polls amid concern over weak growth, an increasingly assertive Russia, as well as the impact of Brexit on the country's economy.

On 11 September 2017, Norwegian voters will be heading to the polls amid concern over weak growth, an increasingly assertive Russia, as well as the impact of Brexit on the country's economy.

Evropský hospodářský prostor (EHP), Švýcarsko a sever

01-09-2017

Evropský hospodářský prostor (EHP) byl vytvořen v roce 1994 s cílem rozšířit ustanovení EU o vnitřním trhu na Evropské sdružení volného obchodu (ESVO). Smluvními stranami EHP jsou Norsko, Island a Lichtenštejnsko. Švýcarsko je členem ESVO, ale nikoliv EHP. Partnery v EU a EHP (Norsko a Island) spojují také různé oblasti „severní politiky“ a fóra, která se zaměřují na rychle se rozvíjející severní části Evropy a na celou arktickou oblast.

Evropský hospodářský prostor (EHP) byl vytvořen v roce 1994 s cílem rozšířit ustanovení EU o vnitřním trhu na Evropské sdružení volného obchodu (ESVO). Smluvními stranami EHP jsou Norsko, Island a Lichtenštejnsko. Švýcarsko je členem ESVO, ale nikoliv EHP. Partnery v EU a EHP (Norsko a Island) spojují také různé oblasti „severní politiky“ a fóra, která se zaměřují na rychle se rozvíjející severní části Evropy a na celou arktickou oblast.

EU-Norway agreement on fishing in the Skagerrak

07-12-2016

The EU-Norway agreement on the Skagerrak, allowing fishing vessels from Denmark, Norway and Sweden to fish in each other's waters, has been updated. The new agreement, aimed at bringing fisheries management in the Skagerrak into line with international principles of coastal state jurisdiction, was signed in January 2015 and has been applied provisionally pending its entry into force. Parliament's consent is necessary for the conclusion of this agreement.

The EU-Norway agreement on the Skagerrak, allowing fishing vessels from Denmark, Norway and Sweden to fish in each other's waters, has been updated. The new agreement, aimed at bringing fisheries management in the Skagerrak into line with international principles of coastal state jurisdiction, was signed in January 2015 and has been applied provisionally pending its entry into force. Parliament's consent is necessary for the conclusion of this agreement.

The quest for natural gas pipelines - EU and Eastern Partner energy policies: Security versus transit benefits

14-07-2016

The European Union has been increasing efforts to maintain gas supply security especially vis-à-vis its main gas supplier, Russia. In that context, Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries, serving either as gas suppliers (Azerbaijan) or transit/corridor countries (all the others except Armenia), have an undeniable role for the EU. Security of gas supply depends on close EU cooperation with its EaP partners and interconnections between them. There have been some welcome developments, such as the Southern ...

The European Union has been increasing efforts to maintain gas supply security especially vis-à-vis its main gas supplier, Russia. In that context, Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries, serving either as gas suppliers (Azerbaijan) or transit/corridor countries (all the others except Armenia), have an undeniable role for the EU. Security of gas supply depends on close EU cooperation with its EaP partners and interconnections between them. There have been some welcome developments, such as the Southern Gas Corridor that transports Caspian gas to the EU, which reflects the importance of the EaP partners and also contributes to EU energy security and the ambitious Energy Union project. On the other hand, a project aimed at doubling the capacity of the Nord Stream gas pipeline directly connecting Germany and Russia under the Baltic Sea has raised some criticism.

EU Arctic Policy in Regional Context

06-07-2016

EU Arctic policy has evolved significantly in recent years, culminating in the April 2016 Joint Communication from the European Commission and the HRVP for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The Communication focuses on the environment and climate change, sustainable development, and peaceful international cooperation, with overarching support for scientific research. This coincides with most of the priorities of the EU’s Arctic Member States, Denmark, Finland and Sweden. The Communication does ...

EU Arctic policy has evolved significantly in recent years, culminating in the April 2016 Joint Communication from the European Commission and the HRVP for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The Communication focuses on the environment and climate change, sustainable development, and peaceful international cooperation, with overarching support for scientific research. This coincides with most of the priorities of the EU’s Arctic Member States, Denmark, Finland and Sweden. The Communication does not focus on security issues or on hydrocarbon development. Arctic oil and gas are not the primary keys to EU energy security, but do play a role, and are important for the EU’s two main suppliers, Norway and Russia – sustainable management of these resources is in the EU’s interest. While the region has been a model for cooperation – Arctic collaboration with Russia continues via multiple mechanisms, despite wider tensions. That it will remain so cannot be taken for granted. The EU supports peaceful Arctic cooperation via multiple mechanisms, including the Arctic Council, the Barents-Euro Arctic Council, and via multiple cross-border collaboration platforms. As the EU becomes increasingly engaged in Arctic issues, continued focus on policy coherence, engagement with other Arctic stakeholders, and the priorities of the region’s citizens will be essential.

Potential and Challenges of e-Voting in the European Union

02-06-2016

This study was commissioned and supervised by the European Parliament’s Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee. It addresses the potentials and challenges of the implementation of Internet voting in European Parliament elections. It considers the social, political, legal, and technological implications of its introduction as an alternative to on-paper ballot and builds on the recent experience of previous trials and successful e-enabled elections ...

This study was commissioned and supervised by the European Parliament’s Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee. It addresses the potentials and challenges of the implementation of Internet voting in European Parliament elections. It considers the social, political, legal, and technological implications of its introduction as an alternative to on-paper ballot and builds on the recent experience of previous trials and successful e-enabled elections to issue technical recommendations regarding Internet voting in the European Union.

Externí autor

Alexander H. Trechsel in collaboration with: Vasyl Kucherenko and Frederico Silva

Comparing EU and EFTA Trade Agreements: Drivers, Actors, Benefits, and Costs

30-05-2016

EFTA states have built up a network of 26 preferential trade agreements (PTAs) with 37 partners, compared to more than 120 trade agreements concluded by the EU with more than 45 partners. There are substantial differences between EU and EFTA PTAs in terms of scope and ambition. EFTA agreements still focus on traditional areas of market access, while the post-1990 EU agreements are more elaborate, values-driven, political and comprehensive. As a bloc, the EU has more leverage when it negotiates ...

EFTA states have built up a network of 26 preferential trade agreements (PTAs) with 37 partners, compared to more than 120 trade agreements concluded by the EU with more than 45 partners. There are substantial differences between EU and EFTA PTAs in terms of scope and ambition. EFTA agreements still focus on traditional areas of market access, while the post-1990 EU agreements are more elaborate, values-driven, political and comprehensive. As a bloc, the EU has more leverage when it negotiates around the world. The size of its market and its highly developed common policies mean that the EU can bring more to the negotiating table and has stronger tools to enforce its economic interests and political conditions compared to the smaller EFTA states whose political and economic cooperation is limited. Although the EFTA states do not form a customs union like the EU, they usually negotiate PTAs as a group, bringing their combined economic and political weight to bear. However, they retain the right to reach bilateral trade agreements with third countries outside the EFTA framework, such as Switzerland's PTAs with Japan and China, and Iceland's bilateral PTA with China. EFTA's small size nonetheless has some benefits. Since EFTA states are not so constrained by — often diverging — interests they can be more flexible in their negotiations. In some cases EFTA has concluded trade deals relatively quickly compared to the EU, but this has been at the expense of relatively shallow trade agreements.

Externí autor

Andreas MAURER

The 1995 enlargement of the European Union: The accession of Finland and Sweden

04-11-2015

This year, Finland and Sweden, like Austria, celebrate the twentieth anniversary of their accession to the European Union. This historical study focuses specifically on the entry into the Union of the first two countries. Distinct economic and social policies, as well as issues of neutrality during the Cold War, had kept the two Nordic countries from developing closer relations with the European Community. However, economic and geopolitical changes allowed this situation to evolve into a deeper and ...

This year, Finland and Sweden, like Austria, celebrate the twentieth anniversary of their accession to the European Union. This historical study focuses specifically on the entry into the Union of the first two countries. Distinct economic and social policies, as well as issues of neutrality during the Cold War, had kept the two Nordic countries from developing closer relations with the European Community. However, economic and geopolitical changes allowed this situation to evolve into a deeper and mutually beneficial relationship. This is the latest study in the European Union History Series, which is primarily based on documents preserved in and made available to the public by the Historical Archives of the Parliament and the archives of other EU institutions.

Vzdělávání dospělých a otevřené výukové zdroje

15-09-2015

Tato studie zkoumá současné využití otevřených výukových zdrojů ve vzdělávání dospělých, hodnotí jejich potenciál a předkládá doporučení k politickým opatřením, přičemž zohledňuje politické rámce Evropské komise. Studie zahrnuje nový výzkum, který se zabýval více než 12 členskými státy a využívá syntézu stávajícího výzkumu z řady projektů včetně POERUP (pravidla pro přijetí otevřených vzdělávacích zdrojů) a studie z let 2014–2015 týkající se sdílení otevřených vzdělávacích zdrojů vypracované pro ...

Tato studie zkoumá současné využití otevřených výukových zdrojů ve vzdělávání dospělých, hodnotí jejich potenciál a předkládá doporučení k politickým opatřením, přičemž zohledňuje politické rámce Evropské komise. Studie zahrnuje nový výzkum, který se zabýval více než 12 členskými státy a využívá syntézu stávajícího výzkumu z řady projektů včetně POERUP (pravidla pro přijetí otevřených vzdělávacích zdrojů) a studie z let 2014–2015 týkající se sdílení otevřených vzdělávacích zdrojů vypracované pro Společné výzkumné středisko rozšířené o další dvě nedávné studie pro Společné výzkumné středisko a program celoživotního učení.

Externí autor

Paul Bacsich, with additional research from Giles Pepler, Sara Frank Bristow, Ebba Ossiannilsson, Alistair Creelman, Eva Szalma and Ilmars Slaidins (Sero Consulting Ltd, the UK)

Internacionalizace vysokoškolského vzdělávání

15-07-2015

Jedná se o studii zabývající se chápáním internacionalizace vysokoškolského vzdělávání v evropském kontextu, která vychází ze dvou průzkumů, analýzy úlohy digitálního učení, deseti zpráv různých evropských států a ze sedmi zpráv mimoevropských států. Výsledkem studie jsou závěry a doporučení týkající se budoucnosti internacionalizace vysokoškolského vzdělávání v Evropě, které se zakládají na zprávách jednotlivých států a na Delfském procesu probíhajícím mezi odborníky v oblasti mezinárodního vysokoškolského ...

Jedná se o studii zabývající se chápáním internacionalizace vysokoškolského vzdělávání v evropském kontextu, která vychází ze dvou průzkumů, analýzy úlohy digitálního učení, deseti zpráv různých evropských států a ze sedmi zpráv mimoevropských států. Výsledkem studie jsou závěry a doporučení týkající se budoucnosti internacionalizace vysokoškolského vzdělávání v Evropě, které se zakládají na zprávách jednotlivých států a na Delfském procesu probíhajícím mezi odborníky v oblasti mezinárodního vysokoškolského vzdělávání.

Externí autor

Hans de Wit and Fiona Hunter (Centre for Higher Education Internationalisation - CHEI) ; Laura Howard (European Association for International Education - EAIE) ; Eva Egron-Polak (International Association of Universities - IAU)

Chystané akce

27-09-2021
Turning the tide on cancer: the national parliaments' view on Europe's Cancer Plan
Další akce -
BECA
27-09-2021
US trade policy
Slyšení -
INTA
27-09-2021
Consumer protection and automated decision-making tools in a modern economy
Slyšení -
IMCO

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