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European political parties and political foundations – Statute and funding

07-09-2018

On 13 September 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend the rules on the statute and funding of European political parties and European political foundations. The proposal aimed to revise the existing, 2014, regulation ahead of the 2019 European elections, to address specific loopholes. The limited number of proposed amendments focus on providing more transparency, improving democratic legitimacy and strengthening enforcement. However, a more thorough revision will be considered ...

On 13 September 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend the rules on the statute and funding of European political parties and European political foundations. The proposal aimed to revise the existing, 2014, regulation ahead of the 2019 European elections, to address specific loopholes. The limited number of proposed amendments focus on providing more transparency, improving democratic legitimacy and strengthening enforcement. However, a more thorough revision will be considered at a later date. Stakeholders shared the view that the 2014 regulation needs revising in advance of the 2019 European elections. Furthermore, the proposal came as a direct response to the European Parliament resolution of 15 June 2017, which called for the revision of the current legislation. Following agreement in trilogue in March 2018, the new regulation entered into force on 4 May 2018. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Statute and funding of European political parties and European political foundations

11-04-2018

European political parties and European political foundations are currently regulated by a 2014 EU regulation, which establishes European political parties as legal entities, allowing them access to funding from the EU budget. In September 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend the existing regulation and address certain shortcomings ahead of the 2019 European elections. The European Parliament is due to vote on the proposal during its April plenary session.

European political parties and European political foundations are currently regulated by a 2014 EU regulation, which establishes European political parties as legal entities, allowing them access to funding from the EU budget. In September 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend the existing regulation and address certain shortcomings ahead of the 2019 European elections. The European Parliament is due to vote on the proposal during its April plenary session.

Rules on political groups in the EP

19-06-2015

Members of the European Parliament may form political groups; these are not organised by nationality, but by political affiliation. At the start of the current parliamentary term there were seven political groups in the Parliament, as there were throughout the 2009-14 period. The formation of a new, eighth, political group, to be called Europe of Nations and Freedoms, has been announced recently. To form a political group, a minimum of 25 MEPs, elected from at least one quarter (currently seven ...

Members of the European Parliament may form political groups; these are not organised by nationality, but by political affiliation. At the start of the current parliamentary term there were seven political groups in the Parliament, as there were throughout the 2009-14 period. The formation of a new, eighth, political group, to be called Europe of Nations and Freedoms, has been announced recently. To form a political group, a minimum of 25 MEPs, elected from at least one quarter (currently seven) of the EU's Member States is required. Those Members (MEPs) who do not belong to any political group are known as 'non-attached' (non-inscrits) Members. Although the political groups play a very prominent role in Parliament's life, individual MEPs and/or several MEPs acting together also have many rights, including in respect of the exercise of oversight over other EU institutions, such as the Commission. However, belonging to a political group is of a particular relevance for the allocation of key positions in Parliament's political and organisational structures, such as committee and delegation chairs and rapporteurships on important dossiers. Moreover, political groups receive higher funding for their collective staff and parliamentary activities than the non-attached MEPs. Political-group funding is however to be distinguished from funding granted to European political parties and foundations, which, if they comply with the requirements to register as such, may apply for funding from the European Parliament if they are represented in Parliament by at least one Member. This briefing updates an earlier one of June 2014.

Party Financing and Referendum Campaigns in EU Member States

16-03-2015

This study has been prepared by the Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR), part of the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam (UvA). It comprises 1) an up-to-date inventory of party finance rules within the EU Member States, 2) an overview of the regulations on referendum and issue campaigns, 3) an investigation into actual spending on the EU referendum, national election, and EU election campaigns, and 4) remarks concerning AFCO’s amendments to the proposed ...

This study has been prepared by the Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR), part of the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam (UvA). It comprises 1) an up-to-date inventory of party finance rules within the EU Member States, 2) an overview of the regulations on referendum and issue campaigns, 3) an investigation into actual spending on the EU referendum, national election, and EU election campaigns, and 4) remarks concerning AFCO’s amendments to the proposed Statute for European Political Parties based on collected data.

Externí autor

M. van Klingeren, M. Orozco, J. van Spanje and C. de Vreese (Amsterdam School of Communication Research - ASCoR, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands)

Challenges in Constitutional Affairs in the New Term: Taking Stock and Looking Forward

15-10-2014

This document is a compendium of the following notes: - Assessing the EU inter-institutional dynamics after the EP elections ; - Constitutional evolution of the EU ; - European democracy ; - Transparency Register.

This document is a compendium of the following notes: - Assessing the EU inter-institutional dynamics after the EP elections ; - Constitutional evolution of the EU ; - European democracy ; - Transparency Register.

Externí autor

Yves Bertoncini, Uwe Puetter, Olivier Costa, Wolfgang Wessel, Monica Claes, Steve Peers, Carlos Closa Montero, Luciano Bardi, Enrico Calossi, Marta Ballesteros and David Coen

Rules on political groups and non-attached Members

26-06-2014

Members of the European Parliament may form political groups. These are not organised by nationality, but by political affiliation. At the start of the new parliamentary term there are set to be seven political groups in the Parliament, as there were in the 2009-14 period. Members (MEPs) not belonging to any political group are known as 'non-attached' (non-inscrits) Members.

Members of the European Parliament may form political groups. These are not organised by nationality, but by political affiliation. At the start of the new parliamentary term there are set to be seven political groups in the Parliament, as there were in the 2009-14 period. Members (MEPs) not belonging to any political group are known as 'non-attached' (non-inscrits) Members.

Political Parties and Political Foundations at European Level. Challenges and Opportunities

16-06-2014

This Report is a follow-up study on “How to create a transnational party system” (2010); it illustrates recent challenges and opportunities at EU level concerning the emergence of: i) transnational parties and a transnational party system; ii) constraints and opportunities for representative democracy. The main areas addressed in the report are: (a) voting coherence of the EP Party Groups after the Euro-crisis; (b) regulation of political parties at European level (PPELs); (c) role of political foundations ...

This Report is a follow-up study on “How to create a transnational party system” (2010); it illustrates recent challenges and opportunities at EU level concerning the emergence of: i) transnational parties and a transnational party system; ii) constraints and opportunities for representative democracy. The main areas addressed in the report are: (a) voting coherence of the EP Party Groups after the Euro-crisis; (b) regulation of political parties at European level (PPELs); (c) role of political foundations at European level (PFELs).

Externí autor

Luciano Bardi, Edoardo Bressanelli, Enrico Calossi, Lorenzo Cicchi, Wojciech Gagatek and Eugenio Pizzimenti

The European Elections: EU Legislation, National Provisions and Civic Participation

15-04-2014

This study describes both the European framework and national provisions on electoral procedures in the Member States of the European Union, including recent developments such as the creation of European political parties and foundations and the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. For all Member States the most important legal provisions, the electoral system and some outcomes of past elections -such as gender distribution of MEPs and participation of citizens from other Member States -are presented ...

This study describes both the European framework and national provisions on electoral procedures in the Member States of the European Union, including recent developments such as the creation of European political parties and foundations and the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. For all Member States the most important legal provisions, the electoral system and some outcomes of past elections -such as gender distribution of MEPs and participation of citizens from other Member States -are presented. The document also provides information sources for further study of national regulations.

Criteria, Conditions, and Procedures for Establishing a Political Party in the Member States of the European Union

15-10-2012

This study has been prepared by the Centre d’étude de la vie politique (Cevipol), part of the Institute for European Studies (IEE) and the Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques (FSP) of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB). It covers four aspects: 1) An overview of the existing criteria, conditions, and procedures for establishing a political party applying in the 27 Member States of the European Union. 2) An examination of how to amend current party statutes, notably at the European level ...

This study has been prepared by the Centre d’étude de la vie politique (Cevipol), part of the Institute for European Studies (IEE) and the Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques (FSP) of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB). It covers four aspects: 1) An overview of the existing criteria, conditions, and procedures for establishing a political party applying in the 27 Member States of the European Union. 2) An examination of how to amend current party statutes, notably at the European level, in order to create a more lively internal party democracy. 3) The development of suggestions towards a legal base of a future European party statute under EU law. 4) The development of proposals on how to involve the European Electoral Authority in the management and supervision of European political parties.

Externí autor

Jean-Benoit PILET and Emilie VAN HAUTE (Centre d’étude de la vie politique - Cevipol , Institute for European Studies - IEE , Faculté des Sciences sociales et Politiques - FSP of the Université Libre de Bruxelles - ULB)

How to create a Transnational Party System

15-07-2010

This study has been prepared by the Observatory on Political Parties and Representation (OPPR), part of the European Democracy Observatory (EUDO) at the European University Institute (EUI). It covers four aspects: 1) An analysis of the political doctrine and programme of major political parties in several Member States. 2) An examination of current procedures applied to political parties to choose leaders for European Office. 3) The development of proposals on how to help a European political party ...

This study has been prepared by the Observatory on Political Parties and Representation (OPPR), part of the European Democracy Observatory (EUDO) at the European University Institute (EUI). It covers four aspects: 1) An analysis of the political doctrine and programme of major political parties in several Member States. 2) An examination of current procedures applied to political parties to choose leaders for European Office. 3) The development of proposals on how to help a European political party system evolve from national structures strongly influenced by historical traditions and cultural factors. 4) Suggestions regarding the extent to which the European electoral system and different systems of party financing would have to be revised in order to facilitate the above objectives.

Externí autor

Luciano Bardi, Edoardo Bressanelli, Enrico Calossi, Wojciech Gagatek, Peter Mair, Eugenio Pizzimenti

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