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EU trade and transport of live animals

07-02-2020

Every year, millions of live animals are transported within and outside European Union (EU) territory for trade purposes. EU legislation regulates the protection of animals during transport, but reports of breaches of the rules and accidents raise doubts on the transport of live animals and have rekindled the debate on the need to improve the current legislation.

Every year, millions of live animals are transported within and outside European Union (EU) territory for trade purposes. EU legislation regulates the protection of animals during transport, but reports of breaches of the rules and accidents raise doubts on the transport of live animals and have rekindled the debate on the need to improve the current legislation.

Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations

03-10-2018

Regulation (EC) 1/2005 lays down common rules for the transport of live vertebrate animals between EU countries in order to prevent injury or unnecessary suffering to the animals. The current EIA looks at the general implementation of the regulation, as well as at some particular elements (data recording, enforcement, fitness for transport). The assessment is based on existing data only et does not represent a complete evaluation of Regulation (EC) 1/2005.

Regulation (EC) 1/2005 lays down common rules for the transport of live vertebrate animals between EU countries in order to prevent injury or unnecessary suffering to the animals. The current EIA looks at the general implementation of the regulation, as well as at some particular elements (data recording, enforcement, fitness for transport). The assessment is based on existing data only et does not represent a complete evaluation of Regulation (EC) 1/2005.

Research for AGRI Committee - The revival of wolves and other large predators and its impact on farmers and their livelihood in rural regions of Europe

16-08-2018

This study surveys the current status of large carnivores in Europe and assesses their impact on livestock from the available data on compensation payments and from field research. Recommendations on livestock protection measures are provided, as well on the integration of these into locally adapted holistic management systems.

This study surveys the current status of large carnivores in Europe and assesses their impact on livestock from the available data on compensation payments and from field research. Recommendations on livestock protection measures are provided, as well on the integration of these into locally adapted holistic management systems.

Externí autor

John D. C. LINNELL, Benjamin CRETOIS - Norwegian Institute for Nature Research

Overcoming barriers – management of large carnivores in the Alps

27-06-2018

After centuries of intensive hunting large carnivores like brown bears, Eurasian lynx and wolves are now recovering in many areas of Europe. This work deals with large carnivore populations in the French Alps focusing on wolf and gives information on the recent population status, management, legal frameworks and recommendations for habitat protection and coexistence of humans and large carnivores. The occurrence of wolves in France is limited to the Western Central Alps. In 2017 52 packs (360 individuals ...

After centuries of intensive hunting large carnivores like brown bears, Eurasian lynx and wolves are now recovering in many areas of Europe. This work deals with large carnivore populations in the French Alps focusing on wolf and gives information on the recent population status, management, legal frameworks and recommendations for habitat protection and coexistence of humans and large carnivores. The occurrence of wolves in France is limited to the Western Central Alps. In 2017 52 packs (360 individuals) were monitored. The Western Alpine population is of Italian origin, and migration moving from the Apennines to the Alpine population is still underway. Wolf populations are still far from being accepted by local farmers and livestock breeders, and conflicts with hunters are also reported. A French wolf plan exists. The actions listed in the wolf plan are based on livestock protection and compensations. The principles of “tir de défense” (removal of stock raiding individuals) and “tir de prélèvement” (a yearly defined number of individuals are removed) are applied. The goal is to reduce predation and keep or increase wolf populations and maintain them at favourable conservation status. Lynx is present in France in the Jura, the Vosges-Palatinian region and in the Alps. The alpine population originates from the Carpathians, where the nearest autochthonous population can be found. In 2016 100 individuals lived in France, and a small population of around 30 individuals has settled in the North of the French Alps (Savoie). For the lynx no management plan exists. In France the occurrence of bears is limited to the Pyrenees with an estimated population of 19 bears. There is no Alpine bear population in France. For the management of the brown bear a French bear plan exists. Bears, wolves and lynx are strictly protected by international and national laws, but for their practical management, almost all countries with substantial populations of these carnivores have some regulations allowing for the targeted removal of problem animals. For large carnivores interregional wildlife habitat planning on the European level is important. It would clearly be desirable to have more transnational cooperation to develop more flexible management practices beyond national borders. The Habitat Directive with its focus on the favourable conservation status (FCS), combined with the Bonn and the Bern conventions, provides a good basis to achieve this.

Externí autor

Katrin Sedy

Large Carnivore Management Plans of Protection: Best Practices in EU Member States

15-02-2018

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee. This paper analyses the legal framework on large carnivores – brown bear (Ursus arctos), Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), wolf (Canis lupus), wolverine (Gulo gulo) - and their current management within the EU are presented. Additionally, the best coexistence methods obtained from research and EU-funded projects are compiled. A thorough analysis ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee. This paper analyses the legal framework on large carnivores – brown bear (Ursus arctos), Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), wolf (Canis lupus), wolverine (Gulo gulo) - and their current management within the EU are presented. Additionally, the best coexistence methods obtained from research and EU-funded projects are compiled. A thorough analysis of the conditions for derogations under the Habitats Directive is followed by the implications of the current management. A general review and recommendations are made.

Externí autor

Alberto FERNÁNDEZ-GIL ,Duarte CADETE DA ROCHA PEREIRA ,Sara Maria DIAS FERREIRA PINTO, Ilaria DI SILVESTRE

Workshop on Delivering and Enforcing the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking

07-12-2016

This report summarises the presentations and discussions during the workshop ‘Delivering and Enforcing the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking’ held on 8th September 2016. The aim of the workshop was to provide background information to the ENVI Committee members on the EU Action Plan and open a debate about its implementation challenges between Committee members and established experts. The workshop and this report has been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions during the workshop ‘Delivering and Enforcing the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking’ held on 8th September 2016. The aim of the workshop was to provide background information to the ENVI Committee members on the EU Action Plan and open a debate about its implementation challenges between Committee members and established experts. The workshop and this report has been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) of the European Parliament.

Externí autor

Smith Lucy Olivia, Sina Stephan and Pantzar Mia

Routine Tail-Docking of Pigs

25-11-2014

Upon request of the PETI committee, the present In Depth Analysis examines the issues raised in Petition 0336/2012, the legal framework on the protection of pigs, the level of implementation of the Directive on the protection of pigs in relation to tail-docking on the basis of the available information, the actions being carried out, or that could be carried out, to ensure proper implementation by Member States of the Directive requirements.

Upon request of the PETI committee, the present In Depth Analysis examines the issues raised in Petition 0336/2012, the legal framework on the protection of pigs, the level of implementation of the Directive on the protection of pigs in relation to tail-docking on the basis of the available information, the actions being carried out, or that could be carried out, to ensure proper implementation by Member States of the Directive requirements.

EU ban on shark finning

16-11-2012

Shark finning is the practice of removing fins and discarding the rest of the body at sea. Existing EU legislation bans shark finning, but allows for fins to be removed aboard vessels under certain conditions through Special Fishing Permits.

Shark finning is the practice of removing fins and discarding the rest of the body at sea. Existing EU legislation bans shark finning, but allows for fins to be removed aboard vessels under certain conditions through Special Fishing Permits.

Religious slaughter of animals in the EU

15-11-2012

Religious texts set down traditional methods of slaughter; simply using a knife to kill the animal. The right to continue using these methods is strongly contested the Jewish and Muslim faiths and animal rights activists who wish animals to be stunned first.

Religious texts set down traditional methods of slaughter; simply using a knife to kill the animal. The right to continue using these methods is strongly contested the Jewish and Muslim faiths and animal rights activists who wish animals to be stunned first.

Seals and fish stocks in Irish waters

01-10-2010

Conflict exists between seals and fisheries, with seals affecting fisheries through damage to catches and gear and competition for resources. Fisheries can affect seals through accidental by-catch, and overfishing can reduce prey availability. This briefing note provides a comprehensive review of the situation in Irish waters, using existing data augmented with information from key industry stakeholders to provide a realistic and representative account of the current situation. Recommendations are ...

Conflict exists between seals and fisheries, with seals affecting fisheries through damage to catches and gear and competition for resources. Fisheries can affect seals through accidental by-catch, and overfishing can reduce prey availability. This briefing note provides a comprehensive review of the situation in Irish waters, using existing data augmented with information from key industry stakeholders to provide a realistic and representative account of the current situation. Recommendations are outlined to aid management decisions for reducing the interactions between seals and fisheries in Ireland.

Externí autor

Michelle CRONIN, Coastal & Marine Resources Centre, University College Cork Mark JESSOPP, Coastal & Marine Resources Centre, University College Cork David REID, Marine Institute, Galway

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