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EU Space programme

12-05-2021

In June 2018, the European Commission proposed a budget of €16 billion to finance EU space activities during the 2021-2027 period. The majority of this would be allocated to Galileo and EGNOS, the EU's global and regional satellite navigation systems; around a third would be allocated to Copernicus, the EU's Earth Observation programme; and the remainder would be earmarked for security, such as the Space and Situational Awareness (SSA) programme and the new Governmental Satellite Communication initiative ...

In June 2018, the European Commission proposed a budget of €16 billion to finance EU space activities during the 2021-2027 period. The majority of this would be allocated to Galileo and EGNOS, the EU's global and regional satellite navigation systems; around a third would be allocated to Copernicus, the EU's Earth Observation programme; and the remainder would be earmarked for security, such as the Space and Situational Awareness (SSA) programme and the new Governmental Satellite Communication initiative (GOVSATCOM) to support border protection, civil protection and humanitarian interventions. The main aims of the new space programme are to secure EU leadership in space activities, foster innovative industries, safeguard autonomous access to space and simplify governance. The European Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Agency will be transformed into a new EU Agency for the Space Programme. In April 2019, after trilogue meetings, Parliament and Council reached a partial agreement on the programme, which was later incorporated by the Parliament in its first-reading position. The agreement covered most of the programme content but not the budget, relations with third countries, or operational security. Further trilogue negotiations, alongside the conclusion of MFF negotiations, helped to secure a comprehensive political agreement on 16 December 2020. The EU space programme will have a total budget of €14.8 billion. The agreed text was then adopted by the Council and Parliament in April 2021. Third edition of a briefing originally drafted by Cemal Karakas. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

The European space sector as an enabler of EU strategic autonomy

16-12-2020

Today, the European Union can boast a degree of strategic autonomy in space. Projects such as Galileo have not only enhanced the EU’s economy, but they may confer on the Union the ability to amplify its Common Foreign and Security Policy and Common Security and Defence Policy. While the EU continues to promote the safe, secure and sustainable use of space, it is also true that space is rapidly becoming a political arena that hangs over geopolitical competition on earth. Space is crucial for EU security ...

Today, the European Union can boast a degree of strategic autonomy in space. Projects such as Galileo have not only enhanced the EU’s economy, but they may confer on the Union the ability to amplify its Common Foreign and Security Policy and Common Security and Defence Policy. While the EU continues to promote the safe, secure and sustainable use of space, it is also true that space is rapidly becoming a political arena that hangs over geopolitical competition on earth. Space is crucial for EU security and defence. Yet the EU is at a cross-roads and it needs to develop ways to ensure that it maintains its strategic autonomy in space. Without strategic autonomy in space, there can be no strategic autonomy on earth. There is a need for the Union to invest in its space presence, push the technological frontier in space, ensure that its ground- and space-based critical infrastructure is protected, ensure that its industrial supply chains are resilient and utilise new initiatives in security and defence to further enhance the EU’s ability to act autonomously.

Externí autor

Daniel FIOTT

What if internet by satellite were to lead to congestion in orbit?

05-02-2020

American Starlink project aims to bring high speed internet access across the globe by 2021. It’s certainly a mission in the sky! But how will Elon Musk’s plans to deploy this mega constellation of satellites impact on European citizens?

American Starlink project aims to bring high speed internet access across the globe by 2021. It’s certainly a mission in the sky! But how will Elon Musk’s plans to deploy this mega constellation of satellites impact on European citizens?

Establishing the European Space Programme

15-11-2018

The Commission proposed to continue the existing space services, launch new actions and to increase the budget allocation, bringing all space-related activities under the new EU Space programme. The supporting impact assessment merely presents the proposed measures without discussing alternatives or conducting a proper impact analysis, nor does it address the costs and benefits of transforming the Global Navigation Satellite System Agency into a European Union Agency for the Space Programme, thereby ...

The Commission proposed to continue the existing space services, launch new actions and to increase the budget allocation, bringing all space-related activities under the new EU Space programme. The supporting impact assessment merely presents the proposed measures without discussing alternatives or conducting a proper impact analysis, nor does it address the costs and benefits of transforming the Global Navigation Satellite System Agency into a European Union Agency for the Space Programme, thereby falling short of the Better Regulation Guidelines requirements.

Brexit and Industry and Space Policy - workshop proceedings

09-11-2018

This document summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop of “Brexit and Industry and Space Policy”, which was held on 24 September 2018. The effects of Brexit on EU27 business, trade, value chains, innovation and space policy were assessed. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).

This document summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop of “Brexit and Industry and Space Policy”, which was held on 24 September 2018. The effects of Brexit on EU27 business, trade, value chains, innovation and space policy were assessed. This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE).

Externí autor

Bowen CALL, Bruegel Reinhilde VEUGELERS, Bruegel

EU space policy: Industry, security and defence

02-06-2016

Autonomous space capabilities play a key role for in enhancing situational awareness, response to complex crises (natural disasters), management of natural resources (water, forests), delivery of services (health, energy, transport, communication, weather forecasting), and national security. With an increasing number of countries gaining access to outer space, the EU has intensified its efforts towards adopting a space strategy for Europe.

Autonomous space capabilities play a key role for in enhancing situational awareness, response to complex crises (natural disasters), management of natural resources (water, forests), delivery of services (health, energy, transport, communication, weather forecasting), and national security. With an increasing number of countries gaining access to outer space, the EU has intensified its efforts towards adopting a space strategy for Europe.

Space Market Uptake in Europe

19-01-2016

This study, provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE committee, aims to shed light on the potential applicability of data acquired from the EU Galileo and Copernicus satellite systems in both the public and private sector, and on the reasons why such potential still remains largely underutilized. The regulatory framework, market characteristics and policy actions that are being taken to make use of space data, are comprehensively analysed. The study also addresses recommendations ...

This study, provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE committee, aims to shed light on the potential applicability of data acquired from the EU Galileo and Copernicus satellite systems in both the public and private sector, and on the reasons why such potential still remains largely underutilized. The regulatory framework, market characteristics and policy actions that are being taken to make use of space data, are comprehensively analysed. The study also addresses recommendations for different policy levels.

Externí autor

Laura DELPONTE (Centre for Industrial Studies - CSIL, Milan, Italy), Julie PELLEGRIN (Centre for Industrial Studies - CSIL, Milan, Italy), Emanuela SIRTORI (Centre for Industrial Studies - CSIL, Milan, Italy), Marco GIANINETTO (Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy) and Luigi BOSCHETTI (University of Idaho, USA)

Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes: supplementary briefing

23-03-2015

This document is a supplementary briefing to the Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment based on the additional information contained in the Commission’s non-paper.      

This document is a supplementary briefing to the Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment based on the additional information contained in the Commission’s non-paper.      

Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

12-02-2015

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the Commission proposal for a Directive on the dissemination of Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes. Overall, the impression is that the IA has made a genuine attempt to present what it perceives to be the problems which need addressing and to define the objectives of the initiative and the progress indicators accordingly. The outcome ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the Commission proposal for a Directive on the dissemination of Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes. Overall, the impression is that the IA has made a genuine attempt to present what it perceives to be the problems which need addressing and to define the objectives of the initiative and the progress indicators accordingly. The outcome of the first stakeholder consultation, even if rather limited, is clearly presented and appears to have been integrated into the analysis, with a transparent presentation of the stakeholders' views throughout. Nevertheless, the IA has a number of shortcomings and is, at best, incomplete. It remains to be seen to what extent the supplementary impact assessment work requested by Council responds to the concerns that have been expressed and help to complete some of the weaker areas identified. This note is prepared for the Committees on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) and Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) of the European Parliament.

Issues Underlying Space Exploration in Europe

10-03-2009

This briefing note addresses several issues underlying space exploration in Europe: (i) the pros and cons of exploring the solar system via the means of either humans or robots, (ii) how can the increasing knowledge of space help the EU citizens understand and mitigate problems we face on Earth, (iii) the socio-economic aspects of the space sector in particular the added value of investing in space activity coupled with high human capital and specialised research establishments.

This briefing note addresses several issues underlying space exploration in Europe: (i) the pros and cons of exploring the solar system via the means of either humans or robots, (ii) how can the increasing knowledge of space help the EU citizens understand and mitigate problems we face on Earth, (iii) the socio-economic aspects of the space sector in particular the added value of investing in space activity coupled with high human capital and specialised research establishments.

Externí autor

Nicolas PETER (European Space Policy Institute - ESPI, Vienna, Austria)

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