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COVID-19: List of the measures taken in relation to the ITRE remit - March-April 2020

12-05-2020

This briefing summarises the recent measures taken by the European Commission on matters within the remit of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy in response to the urgent and ongoing COVID-19 crisis, while referencing relevant parts of the resolution of the European Parliament of 17 April 2020 on EU coordinated action to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences.

This briefing summarises the recent measures taken by the European Commission on matters within the remit of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy in response to the urgent and ongoing COVID-19 crisis, while referencing relevant parts of the resolution of the European Parliament of 17 April 2020 on EU coordinated action to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences.

Europe – the Global Centre for Excellent Research

15-04-2019

The world of research and innovation is becoming increasingly multipolar with China joining the ranks of science and technology leaders. For the EU, increased global research capacities offer a larger global talent pool and opportunities for specialisation, but also increased competition for investment, talent and the position as world-leader in critical technological fields. To be a global centre for excellent research, the EU and its Framework Programme must support the further integration of the ...

The world of research and innovation is becoming increasingly multipolar with China joining the ranks of science and technology leaders. For the EU, increased global research capacities offer a larger global talent pool and opportunities for specialisation, but also increased competition for investment, talent and the position as world-leader in critical technological fields. To be a global centre for excellent research, the EU and its Framework Programme must support the further integration of the intra-EU excellent research pole and at the same time being open for foreign talent and internationally connected with strong extra-EU partners.

Externí autor

Reinhilde Veugelers and Michael Baltensperger

Agreement on EU general budget for 2019

11-12-2018

After the failure of budgetary conciliation, the European Commission put forward a new draft budget for 2019. Based on the second draft budget and subsequent negotiations, the European Parliament and Council have agreed the General Budget for the European Union for 2019, at a level of €165 795.6 million in commitments and €148 198.9 million in payment appropriations. This means an increase of 3.2 % in commitments and 2.4 % in payments as compared to 2018 budget. The Parliament has scheduled the adoption ...

After the failure of budgetary conciliation, the European Commission put forward a new draft budget for 2019. Based on the second draft budget and subsequent negotiations, the European Parliament and Council have agreed the General Budget for the European Union for 2019, at a level of €165 795.6 million in commitments and €148 198.9 million in payment appropriations. This means an increase of 3.2 % in commitments and 2.4 % in payments as compared to 2018 budget. The Parliament has scheduled the adoption of the agreement for the December 2018 plenary. Adoption of this agreement means, once signed by the Parliament’s President, that the EU will be equipped with a budget as from 1 January 2019.

Assessment of Horizon 2020 Programme

18-01-2016

The paper assesses the first two years of Horizon 2020 programme, taking into account the initial frontloading for this programme, the evolution and the new priorities after the 2013 agreement on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-2020. It includes a short description of the Horizon 2020 programme and its progress, discusses its budgetary implementation and performance to date and implications of EFSI-related cuts, as well as provides conclusions through an overall appraisal of the programme ...

The paper assesses the first two years of Horizon 2020 programme, taking into account the initial frontloading for this programme, the evolution and the new priorities after the 2013 agreement on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-2020. It includes a short description of the Horizon 2020 programme and its progress, discusses its budgetary implementation and performance to date and implications of EFSI-related cuts, as well as provides conclusions through an overall appraisal of the programme.

Externí autor

CSES

Conciliation agreement on the 2016 EU budget

20-11-2015

On 14 November, European Parliament (EP) and Council negotiators reached a provisional deal on next year's EU budget, setting commitments at €155 billion and payments at €143.88 billion. The compromise is now to be adopted by the Council and then voted by the EP in plenary.

On 14 November, European Parliament (EP) and Council negotiators reached a provisional deal on next year's EU budget, setting commitments at €155 billion and payments at €143.88 billion. The compromise is now to be adopted by the Council and then voted by the EP in plenary.

Horizon 2020 budget and implementation: A guide to the structure of the programme

03-11-2015

Horizon 2020, the current framework programme for research and innovation, inherited features from its predecessors, whilst simultaneously proposing a new architecture to support all activities in the research and innovation system – from blue-sky research to close-to-market applications. Including all these dimensions introduced several levels of complexity to the programme's implementation. Following the distribution of the budget – from the nine Commission Directorates-General which oversee Horizon ...

Horizon 2020, the current framework programme for research and innovation, inherited features from its predecessors, whilst simultaneously proposing a new architecture to support all activities in the research and innovation system – from blue-sky research to close-to-market applications. Including all these dimensions introduced several levels of complexity to the programme's implementation. Following the distribution of the budget – from the nine Commission Directorates-General which oversee Horizon 2020, to the 22 bodies which manage its implementation, along three main pillars and two specific objectives – this document provides a guide to the programme exploring the multiple levels of complexity.

Overview of EU Funds for research and innovation

17-09-2015

European funding for research activities was envisaged in the first Community Treaties, related to coal and steel and nuclear energy, and was extended in the early 1980s with the establishment of a European framework programme for research. Research policy was subsequently progressively integrated in the Treaties, to become a shared competence between the European Union (EU) and its Member States. European funds for research and innovation activities are distributed between several interlinked ...

European funding for research activities was envisaged in the first Community Treaties, related to coal and steel and nuclear energy, and was extended in the early 1980s with the establishment of a European framework programme for research. Research policy was subsequently progressively integrated in the Treaties, to become a shared competence between the European Union (EU) and its Member States. European funds for research and innovation activities are distributed between several interlinked EU programmes. For the current period (2014-20), the main programme, Horizon 2020 (the eighth framework programme for research and innovation) is fully dedicated to funding such activities across all policy fields. Sectoral programmes also fund research and innovation activities in the fields of space research (Copernicus, Galileo); nuclear energy (Euratom Research and Training Programme, International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor); and coal and steel production. The European Structural and Investment Funds, implemented at regional level, can be used to support the development of research and innovation capacities at local levels. These programmes will provide a global estimated budget of more than €120 billion in EU funds to support research and innovation activities in the period 2014-20. Five other programmes are connected to, or impact on, research and innovation activities: COSME, Erasmus+, the Health programme, the Life programme and the Connecting Europe Facility.

Enhancing Support for the European Security and Defence Research: Challenges and Prospects

30-04-2015

In the real world, the notions of security and defence are often used interchangeably. One of the flagship external policies of the European Union – the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) – also consists of both concepts. However, in the EU Treaty, these two elements have distinct funding bases. External security funding remains firmly anchored in the EU’s budget, while the defence/military component is controlled and funded almost exclusively inter-governmentally. This division is also reflected ...

In the real world, the notions of security and defence are often used interchangeably. One of the flagship external policies of the European Union – the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) – also consists of both concepts. However, in the EU Treaty, these two elements have distinct funding bases. External security funding remains firmly anchored in the EU’s budget, while the defence/military component is controlled and funded almost exclusively inter-governmentally. This division is also reflected in the research domain, leading to a paradoxical situation: while the EU’s research budget (channelled through its current multi-annual framework programme, Horizon 2020) is arguably the largest research budget in the world (reaching around EUR 70 billion), defence research in Europe remains underfunded, to the detriment of European defence capabilities and economic interests. While the European Defence Agency (EDA) has successfully initiated some small-scale defence research pooling initiatives (reaching around EUR 350 million since its creation), it remains a drop in the ocean of needs. This paper analyses the current state of play, and some actions proposed to foster synergies between security- and defence-related research, focusing on a preparatory action (PA) and a pilot project in support of CSDP-related research.

Horizon 2020: boosting research and innovation

14-11-2013

Parliament and Council negotiators have reached a trilogue agreement on the Horizon 2020 framework research programme. This new instrument for European research and innovation funding seeks to simplify the rules for gaining funding, improve the commercialisation of research results and increase the participation of industry, SMEs and scientific community.

Parliament and Council negotiators have reached a trilogue agreement on the Horizon 2020 framework research programme. This new instrument for European research and innovation funding seeks to simplify the rules for gaining funding, improve the commercialisation of research results and increase the participation of industry, SMEs and scientific community.

The Galileo Programme : Management and Financial Lessons Learned for Future Space Systems Paid Out of the EU Budget

15-10-2011

Galileo is the first large space programme and system managed and owned by the European Union (EU). Its strategic value rests on the political, operational, industrial and technological independence that it will guarantee in the field of global navigation and positioning. Although Galileo represents a priority for the European space policy, more than ten years on the declaration of its feasibility, the programme is still far from completion. Galileo has experienced a slow and problematic development ...

Galileo is the first large space programme and system managed and owned by the European Union (EU). Its strategic value rests on the political, operational, industrial and technological independence that it will guarantee in the field of global navigation and positioning. Although Galileo represents a priority for the European space policy, more than ten years on the declaration of its feasibility, the programme is still far from completion. Galileo has experienced a slow and problematic development due to concurrent and different factors, among which the failure of the envisaged public-private partnership (PPP) approach to financing, the ever increasing costs, the diverging opinions among EU Member States (MS) and within EU institutions, governance problems, and complex international negotiations still ongoing. Given the new shared competence of the EU in space matters established by the Treaty of Lisbon, which paves the way for new EU space activities, the purpose of the study is first to examine specific and characterizing issues related to the management and financing of the Galileo programme, then to draw lessons learnt for future space systems funded out of the budget of the EU.

Externí autor

Anna C.VECLANI, Jean-Pierre DARNIS and Valérie V. MIRANDA (Security and Defence Department, ISTITUTO AFFARI INTERNAZIONALI - IAI, ITALY)

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