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Review of the Energy Taxation Directive

18-05-2021

Under the European Green Deal, the EU signed up for the transition to a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy with no net emissions of greenhouse gases in 2050 and economic growth decoupled from resource use. As a medium target towards the 'net zero' long-term goal, the EU committed to at least 55% GHG emission reductions by 2030. Well-designed energy taxation can play a direct role in steering a successful energy transition. However, as this briefing shows, Council Directive 2003/96 ...

Under the European Green Deal, the EU signed up for the transition to a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy with no net emissions of greenhouse gases in 2050 and economic growth decoupled from resource use. As a medium target towards the 'net zero' long-term goal, the EU committed to at least 55% GHG emission reductions by 2030. Well-designed energy taxation can play a direct role in steering a successful energy transition. However, as this briefing shows, Council Directive 2003/96/EC restructuring the Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity (ETD) and its implementation suffer from significant shortcomings (i.a. highly divergent national tax rates across the EU, a wide range of exemptions and reductions applied by the Member States and a lack of alignment with other EU climate and energy legislation). The Commission therefore plans to review the ETD in the second quarter of 2021.

Energy Efficiency Directive

15-03-2021

The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) was adopted in 2012 to promote energy efficiency across the EU and to help the EU to reach its (at least) 20 % energy efficiency target by 2020. In 2018, the EED was amended as part of the 'Clean energy for all Europeans package'. The amendments included raising the EU energy efficiency target to (at least) 32.5 %, to be achieved by 2030, among other things. The European Commission plans to submit its proposal for the revision of the EED in June 2021, with the ...

The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) was adopted in 2012 to promote energy efficiency across the EU and to help the EU to reach its (at least) 20 % energy efficiency target by 2020. In 2018, the EED was amended as part of the 'Clean energy for all Europeans package'. The amendments included raising the EU energy efficiency target to (at least) 32.5 %, to be achieved by 2030, among other things. The European Commission plans to submit its proposal for the revision of the EED in June 2021, with the aim of better adjusting the EED to the European Green Deal objectives and an increased climate ambition. Improvements will aim to achieve the objective for Europe to become the first climate-neutral continent, with net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

Roaming Regulation: EU Digital Single Market policy

15-02-2021

The Roaming Regulation established the ‘Roam-Like-At-Home’ (RLAH) rule that mandated the end of retail roaming charges as of 15 June 2017 in the EU. The Regulation will be in force until 30 June 2022. In 2021, the European Commission would review the Regulation, assessing its effects and the need to prolong it. The analysis of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) shows that a regulatory intervention is still necessary to ensure the EU citizens can continue to benefit ...

The Roaming Regulation established the ‘Roam-Like-At-Home’ (RLAH) rule that mandated the end of retail roaming charges as of 15 June 2017 in the EU. The Regulation will be in force until 30 June 2022. In 2021, the European Commission would review the Regulation, assessing its effects and the need to prolong it. The analysis of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) shows that a regulatory intervention is still necessary to ensure the EU citizens can continue to benefit of the RLAH rule.

Statistics on agricultural inputs and outputs (SAIO): Updated rules

12-02-2021

In the context of modernising the European agricultural statistics system (EASS), updated rules have been published by the European Commission on statistics for EU farming, including the organic sector, covering both inputs and outputs for crops and animals, pesticides, nutrients, agricultural prices, etc. The new legislative proposal is the outcome of an evaluation process underlying that existing legal and methodological structure of agricultural statistics does not take into account future needs ...

In the context of modernising the European agricultural statistics system (EASS), updated rules have been published by the European Commission on statistics for EU farming, including the organic sector, covering both inputs and outputs for crops and animals, pesticides, nutrients, agricultural prices, etc. The new legislative proposal is the outcome of an evaluation process underlying that existing legal and methodological structure of agricultural statistics does not take into account future needs and does not function in an efficient way.

Implementation of the EU requirements for tax information exchange

04-02-2021

The Directive on administrative cooperation (DAC) in the field of taxation provides the basis for information exchange on direct taxation within the EU. This European Implementation Assessment evaluates the implementation of the initial directive and the first three amendments (DAC1-4). Building mainly on interviews with tax administrations and a survey among stakeholders, this publication provides additional evidence on the directive’s effectiveness and external coherence, looking at its interaction ...

The Directive on administrative cooperation (DAC) in the field of taxation provides the basis for information exchange on direct taxation within the EU. This European Implementation Assessment evaluates the implementation of the initial directive and the first three amendments (DAC1-4). Building mainly on interviews with tax administrations and a survey among stakeholders, this publication provides additional evidence on the directive’s effectiveness and external coherence, looking at its interaction with other EU legislation and with tax information frameworks at international level. Despite broad agreement among the institutions and stakeholders on the usefulness of DAC, there is a need for further work in the area of tax information exchange. This study therefore contains a list of detailed recommendations for further improvement to the directive’s effectiveness and coherence, offering a basis for discussions.

European critical infrastructure: Revision of Directive 2008/114/EC

03-02-2021

Council Directive 2008/114/EC is part of the EU framework for critical infrastructure protection. While embracing an all-hazards approach, its scope is limited to the sectors energy and transport. This is widely considered a shortcoming. Calls for broadening its scope and for refocussing the directive on resilience rather than just protection, and interconnectivity of critical infrastructures resulted in a new legislative proposal the Commission presented in December 2020.

Council Directive 2008/114/EC is part of the EU framework for critical infrastructure protection. While embracing an all-hazards approach, its scope is limited to the sectors energy and transport. This is widely considered a shortcoming. Calls for broadening its scope and for refocussing the directive on resilience rather than just protection, and interconnectivity of critical infrastructures resulted in a new legislative proposal the Commission presented in December 2020.

Non-financial Reporting Directive

28-01-2021

In line with the European Green Deal, a key element to foster sustainable growth and finance the green transition will be to channel funding in economic activities that contribute to environmental, social and governance-related objectives. Directive 2014/95/EU on the disclosure of non-financial and diversity information (NFRD) has set the EU on a clear course towards greater business transparency and accountability on social and environmental issues. It helps to measure, monitor and manage companies ...

In line with the European Green Deal, a key element to foster sustainable growth and finance the green transition will be to channel funding in economic activities that contribute to environmental, social and governance-related objectives. Directive 2014/95/EU on the disclosure of non-financial and diversity information (NFRD) has set the EU on a clear course towards greater business transparency and accountability on social and environmental issues. It helps to measure, monitor and manage companies' performance and their impact on society. However, as this briefing shows, the NFRD suffers from several deficiencies such as lack of comparability, reliability and relevance of non-financial information provided. The Commission therefore intends to review the NFRD in the first quarter of 2021.

Air services: Revision of Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008

15-12-2020

New rules regulating the air services are expected by the end of year. The basic legal act organising the internal EU aviation market, namely Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, is expected to be revised by the European Commission, after being evaluated in 2019.

New rules regulating the air services are expected by the end of year. The basic legal act organising the internal EU aviation market, namely Regulation (EC) No 1008/2008, is expected to be revised by the European Commission, after being evaluated in 2019.

Airport charges: Revision of Directive 2009/12/EC

18-11-2020

The Airports Charges Directive 2009/12/EC is the main legislative act regulating the essential features of airport charges. Airport charges are the charges that the airlines pay to the airports for using their infrastructure and facilities. The two main issues that the directive aims to tackle are the risk that some airports might set prices and terms that are not in line with a competitive market, and the diverging and non-transparent charging systems in the Member States. If the evaluation of the ...

The Airports Charges Directive 2009/12/EC is the main legislative act regulating the essential features of airport charges. Airport charges are the charges that the airlines pay to the airports for using their infrastructure and facilities. The two main issues that the directive aims to tackle are the risk that some airports might set prices and terms that are not in line with a competitive market, and the diverging and non-transparent charging systems in the Member States. If the evaluation of the directive revealed positive effects of the regulation, it also identified problematic issues, which hampers the full achievement of its objectives. The European Commission is expected to submit a new proposal by the end of the year.

Directive on security of network and information systems (NIS Directive)

10-11-2020

Directive on security of network and information systems across the Union (Directive (EU) 2016/1148, NIS Directive) is the first horizontal EU cybersecurity legal act, which will be reviewed in 2020 with the aim to increase cybersecurity in the EU. The NIS Directive entered into force in August 2016 and Members States transposed it into national laws by 9 May 2018. The NIS Directive was designed to improve Member States' cybersecurity capabilities; the cooperation between Member States; and Member ...

Directive on security of network and information systems across the Union (Directive (EU) 2016/1148, NIS Directive) is the first horizontal EU cybersecurity legal act, which will be reviewed in 2020 with the aim to increase cybersecurity in the EU. The NIS Directive entered into force in August 2016 and Members States transposed it into national laws by 9 May 2018. The NIS Directive was designed to improve Member States' cybersecurity capabilities; the cooperation between Member States; and Member States' supervision of critical sectors. The Directive established a culture of risk management and incident reporting among key economic actors - operators providing essential services (OES) and Digital Service Providers (DSPs). The Directive also set out cooperation mechanisms, such as the NIS Cooperation Group and the network of national computer security incident response teams (CSIRTs).

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