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In nominal terms, Poland is the fourth biggest beneficiary of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF), after Italy, Spain and France . EU support for implementing Poland's National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP) – Krajowy Plan Odbudowy – amounts to €35.36 billion, and includes €23.85 billion in grants and €11.51 billion in loans (a third of the maximum amount of loans available) . The total allocation (grants and loans) has to be paid out to Poland by the end of 2026; this amount represents ...

This Briefing, written by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, provides background information for the PETI Fact-finding visit to Poland scheduled from 19 to 21 September 2022. It investigates two main issues that were subject to specific petitions, namely the case of the Białowieża primeval forest (Petitions 0805/2017, 0812/2017 and 0623/2018) and the education of young persons and children with special ...

The approach taken by the jurisprudence of the Polish courts, especially the Constitutional Tribunal, concerning the principle of the primacy of the EU law in relation to the Polish law and in particular to the Polish Constitution has changed substantially since Polish accession to the EU. The in-depth analysis evaluates three distinct periods in the jurisprudence of Polish Constitutional Tribunal. This study is commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and ...

At national level, the Dutch supreme audit institution, the Netherlands Court of Audit (Algemene Rekenkamer), is headed by three board members, who are appointed for life. However, board members can either end their term on their own initiative. They have to retire when they reach the age of 70. The Dutch Supreme Court (Hoge Raad) can also decide to end their mandate following misconduct, based on the compatibility law.

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee. It analyses the consequences of the judgment of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal for the legal relationship between Poland and the EU, compares it to the case law of other Member States’ highest courts and makes policy recommendations on how to deal with the judgment.

As set out in Article 285 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the European Court of Auditors (ECA) shall consist of one national of each Member State. Article 286 (2) TFEU further specifies that each Member State has the right to propose its candidate. The Council then adopts the list of Members as proposed by the Member States. Often, this is a partial renewal of the Court - only one or a few Members are appointed, as the mandates of the Members may expire at different ...

This study examines the value added by the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) funding in four specific countries: Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. Focusing on each country’s national plans for utilising the funding, we identify where national plans may have generated value added and where additional work is needed to make RRF funding more effective.

On 10 January 2022, Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) held a hearing on the partial renewal of members of the European Court of Auditors (ECA). Subsequently, CONT gave a favourable opinion on three candidates: Czech nominee Jan Gregor (renewal), Latvian nominee Mihails Kozlovs (renewal) and Slovenian nominee Kristijan Petrovič (new candidate). CONT gave an unfavourable opinion, however, on the renewal of Polish nominee Marek Opioła's mandate. A plenary vote is scheduled for the January ...

The Policy Department for Budgetary Affairs in the European Parliament (EP) is about to draw up an in-house briefing on national nomination procedures for Members of the European Court of Auditors (ECA). The purpose of the briefing is to provide relevant information to the Members of the Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) ahead of hearings of Members-designate of the ECA (of which there will be 8 in the course of 2022). In order to develop a better understanding of the national procedures, we ...

On 1 December 2021, the Commission proposed a Council decision on emergency measures to help Latvia, Lithuania and Poland face the complex migratory situation at their respective borders with Belarus. The measures provide for an extension of the registration period for asylum applications; the application of the border asylum procedure to process all asylum claims; reception conditions covering only basic needs; and simplified and quicker national return procedures for rejected asylum-seekers. The ...