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Environmental impacts of 5G

Studie 30-06-2021

Telecommunication networks use radio-frequency electromagnetic fields to enable wireless communication. These networks have evolved over time, and have been launched in successive generations. The fifth generation of telecommunication networks will operate at frequencies that were not commonly used in previous generations, changing the exposure of wildlife to these waves. This report reviews the literature on the exposure of vertebrates, invertebrates and plants to radio-frequency electromagnetic ...

Based on Member States' reporting under the Birds and Habitats Directives, the backbone of European Union (EU) nature conservation policy, the latest assessment on the state of nature by the European Environment Agency shows that despite some encouraging developments, the overall picture remains bleak. Only 15 % of habitats and around 27 % of species protected under EU legislation have a good conservation status. An EU-wide assessment of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems found that, overall ...

The diversity of detrimental factors impacting the European eel and the number of involved stakeholders pose a challenge for an effective stock management. Knowledge on the economic consequences of single management measures is required to better assess their implications for the involved sectors. This study summarizes the current knowledge on threats and provides economic data from hydropower generation, fisheries and aquaculture impacting the European eel in order to evaluate management measures ...

During the January plenary session, Parliament is expected to vote on a Commission proposal restructuring the EU framework for fisheries technical measures, with the aim of setting a mandate for trilogue negotiations. The new framework is expected to simplify the application of technical measures and to allow their adjustment to specific regional characteristics.

Technical measures in fisheries govern the different fishing practices that can be used to catch fish, as well as the areas and seasons for fishing. Aimed at limiting unwanted catches or at reducing the impacts of fishing on nature, EU technical measures in fisheries have, over time, developed into a complex set of prescriptive measures, which do not fully achieve their objectives. The European Commission finalised, on 11 March 2016, a long-awaited proposal to overhaul a number of existing rules ...

This study, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request of the Committee on Petitions, finds out that EU animal welfare policy and legislation has had much positive influence in the world, on the image of the EU as well as helping animals. However, most kinds of animals kept in the EU are not covered by legislation, including some of the worst animal welfare problems, so a general animal welfare law and specific laws on several species are needed ...

Deep-sea species and marine ecosystems are particularly sensitive to human activities. The European Parliament is now to finalise the adoption of a regulation aimed at sustainable deep-sea fishing activities, while freezing their zonal footprint and protecting vulnerable deep-sea ecosystems. This regulation is the outcome of lengthy negotiations between the EP and the Council, after both institutions rejected a 2012 Commission proposal to put a definitive end to the use of bottom trawls and bottom ...

Wildlife Crime

Briefing 15-06-2016

This briefing provides a background and abstracts of the study on Wildlife crime in the European Union and five in-depth analyses of the situation in Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the UK, which were prepared for the ENVI Committee in 2016.

Wildlife Crime

Studie 15-03-2016

This study gives an overview of the state of wildlife crime in Europe based on available documents, EU-Twix data and empirical research including interviews. The study identifies main routes and species linked to illegal wildlife trade, as well as enforcement deficits. It also develops policy recommendations in view of the upcoming EU Action Plan.

Wildlife Crime in Spain

Indgående analyse 15-03-2016

This paper provides an in-depth analysis of wildlife crime and efforts to combat it in Spain. It identifies best practices by law enforcement agencies: the Spanish Administrative Authority of CITES, the special police for the protection of nature (SEPRONA) and the Special Prosecutor’s Office. In addition, it reports on shortcomings in enforcement and resources. The analysis was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.