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The European Union complements national health and education policies, in particular those with a cross-border dimension. The main responsibility for health and education, however, lies with the governments of its Member States. This combination explains the spread in government expenditure on national welfare policies among the Member States, and in particular in individual direct payments for health. In terms of the gender gap in the area, women with tertiary education still suffer employment gaps ...

European Union action on cancer

Oversigt 21-10-2015

Cancer is a major public health concern in terms of disease burden and economic cost. Prevention and early detection are key. The European Union (EU) contributes to tackling cancer with awareness-raising, guidance, investment in research, as well as information and coordination.

TThis study, produced for the ENVI Committee by Policy Department A, investigates the possibility of a harmonised EU approach concerning the assessment of the added therapeutic value (ATV) of medicinal products. It reviews the current EU legal and policy framework and looks at the state-of-play within all 28 Member States. In addition, it presents the results of an in-depth analysis on the use of ATV in six selected EU countries. The study closes with policy recommendations on how a possible European ...

Although enjoying the highest possible standard of health is a human right, millions of people suffer from preventable and curable diseases. The Millennium Development Goals strongly emphasised health, leading to increased investment in the health sector. Major progress has been made in reducing child and maternal mortality, and in combatting communicable diseases, but several regions will not meet the health targets. The Ebola outbreak has drawn attention to the need for international cooperation ...

Despite significant progress in recent decades, air pollution levels in the European Union still have adverse impacts on the environment and on health. The European Commission estimates that health-related costs of air pollution in the EU range from 390 to 940 billion euros per year. The proposed directive, which would replace the current National Emission Ceilings Directive, sets binding national reduction objectives for six air pollutants (SO2, NOx, NMVOCs, NH3, PM2.5 and CH4) to be met by 2020 ...

Older people are assuming a greater importance in the European Union as both their numbers and their proportion of the population increase due to the ageing of the population. The European Union (EU) and its Member States have adopted a number of policies and programmes that affect older people directly or support them in various ways.

Some non-native animals, plants and micro-organisms can pose a serious threat to European flora and fauna, disrupt fragile ecosystems and also transmit diseases to people, decimate crops and damage infrastructure. Environmentalists and politicians have called for action to address this ecological, economic and social threat. In September 2013, the European Commission proposed a harmonised approach. Under the proposal there would be a ban on the import, sale, growing, use or release of selected species ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on e-Health, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 24 September 2013. The workshop was held in view of the finalisation of the ENVI Committee’s Own Initiative Report on the e-Health Action Plan 2012-2020 – Innovative healthcare for the 21st century’, which will serve as a basis for the adoption of a European Parliament resolution. The workshop was hosted by MEP Ms Pilar AYUSO (EPP, ES), Rapporteur of the ENVI ...

As more people live longer, the demand for long-term care in Europe is expected to increase significantly. Paying for and providing quality care will be important challenges as the proportion of the population over 80 years old more than doubles in the EU over the next 50 years.

This briefing note provides an overview of the public health situation in Ireland. It presents the health status of the population, reviews determinants of health and highlights the major burden of disease. It describes the health care system and looks at some of the current healthcare challenges, especially those related to financing healthcare during a recession. It also looks at the future and at some of the government’s proposals for a sustainable and equitable healthcare service to the people ...