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The EU's relations with China are changing rapidly. What priorities, choices, challenges and opportunities might emerge for the EU in its dealings with China over the next decade? This study presents the results of an expert survey on the future of EU-China relations. 171 China observers took part, drawn from among European think tanks, EU institutions and a China-focused European youth network. A synthesis of the responses reflects the considerations, insights and advice of Europe's China knowledge ...

This in-depth analysis explores how EU trade policy tools can effectively tackle the import and circulation of forced labour products in the European single market in order to help implement the Commission’s decent work worldwide initiative. The report compares the option of an EU import ban on forced labour goods to the option of prohibiting the marketing of such products, in light of the Commission’s proposal for a Regulation on prohibiting products made with forced labour on the Union market published ...

Government procurement forms an important part of national economies. The EU has opened up its public procurement markets to third countries to a large degree, while many other economies have had limited appetite to liberalise market access. In 2012, the European Commission tabled a proposal for an international procurement instrument (IPI). The IPI would give the EU leverage in negotiating the reciprocal opening of public procurement markets in third countries. The Commission revised the proposal ...

Proposed anti-coercion instrument

Briefing 24-11-2022

It is widely held that geopolitical tensions in the world are on the rise. One of the clear indicators of this phenomenon is the increasing use of economic tools for the pursuit of strategic and geopolitical goals. This can take the form of coercion used by one country against another through restrictions on trade or investment in order to interfere with their sovereign choices. In response to the EU and its Member States becoming the target of deliberate economic coercion in recent years, on 8 December ...

For two decades, the EU has sought to modernise its preferential trade relationship with the sub-Saharan African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and establish free trade areas with regional groupings under so-called economic partnership agreements (EPAs). The process of establishing the EPAs has been longer and more complicated than initially expected, encountering criticism and opposition from civil society and some governments in ACP countries, who have been worried about the potential negative ...

There are major concerns in the EU in relation to the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions associated with investor protection agreements. ISDS relies on a legal framework of arbitration that is separate from domestic courts. This analysis provides an overview of ISDS cases involving current EU Member States. The main finding is that, on average, nearly 16 % of claimed amounts translate into (known) compensation in cases involving current EU Member State respondents. Nearly a third ...

The 19th Conference of the Parties (COP19) on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) to be held in Panama in November 2022, provides the opportunity for Parties to review the implementation of the Convention, consider amendments to strengthen protection of key species, make recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the Convention, and discuss finance and resources for stronger action. Despite the high degree of political attention that illegal trade has attracted ...

Distortive foreign subsidies

Oversigt 07-11-2022

Foreign state financing of companies can have distortive effects on the single market. In its first November plenary session, the Parliament will vote on the provisional agreement, reached in trilogue negotiations, on a proposed regulation to tackle such distortive foreign subsidies. Under the regulation, companies would need to notify subsidies granted by non-EU public authorities in areas of mergers and acquisitions and bids in big public procurements, and the Commission would have the right to ...

Brazil is the 10th largest economy in the world and the largest in Latin America. Its recent history can be divided into three main periods: one of economic stabilisation, which laid the foundations for economic growth; one of growth and reduction in inequality; and one of crisis, which has highlighted not only the country's strengths and potential but also its vulnerabilities. In 2018, after two years of economic crisis and several public corruption scandals, voters elected far-right Jair Bolsonaro ...

The economies of the EU and China both showed signs of quick and strong recovery in terms of GDP growth, GDP per capita and foreign direct investment in 2021, following a year marked by the COVID-19 pandemic. The value of trade between the two blocs reached record levels for exports and imports, and for goods and services in 2021. This infographic is a further update of one originally published in December 2019.