75

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Control of the financial activities of the European Investment Bank (EIB) – Annual report 2019

01-07-2021

During its July plenary session, Parliament is set to discuss the Committee on Budgetary Control's report on the control of the European Investment Bank's financial activities in 2019. The report highlights the role of the Bank in financing the European Green Deal, and its gradual shift towards being 'the EU Climate Bank'. It also looks into the implementation of the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) and the Bank's external operations, among other things. As last year, the report strongly ...

During its July plenary session, Parliament is set to discuss the Committee on Budgetary Control's report on the control of the European Investment Bank's financial activities in 2019. The report highlights the role of the Bank in financing the European Green Deal, and its gradual shift towards being 'the EU Climate Bank'. It also looks into the implementation of the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) and the Bank's external operations, among other things. As last year, the report strongly emphasises the need for more integrity, transparency and accountability, stronger external scrutiny and reinforced mechanisms to fight fraud and corruption.

Financing for Africa – The EU budget and beyond

15-06-2021

Africa, a continent of strategic importance for the EU, has been in the spotlight of EU attention in recent years for a variety of reasons. In 2020, the Cotonou Agreement, which had governed EU-sub-Saharan Africa relations since 2000, was set to expire. The European Commission and EU High Representative adopted a joint communication in 2020, charting the way towards a new strategy for Africa. However, the sixth EU African Union Summit, planned for the end of 2020, was postponed due to the global ...

Africa, a continent of strategic importance for the EU, has been in the spotlight of EU attention in recent years for a variety of reasons. In 2020, the Cotonou Agreement, which had governed EU-sub-Saharan Africa relations since 2000, was set to expire. The European Commission and EU High Representative adopted a joint communication in 2020, charting the way towards a new strategy for Africa. However, the sixth EU African Union Summit, planned for the end of 2020, was postponed due to the global pandemic. Thus, 2021 appears to be the next key year for EU-Africa relations, in light of the planned summit and the prospective adoption of both a new EU strategy for Africa and the post-Cotonou agreement, expected to transform these relations into a 'partnership of equals'. The EU's long-term budget – the multiannual financial framework (MFF) – has also featured high on the EU's agenda. The expiry of the previous MFF (2014-2020) in December 2020 and the entry into force of the new, restructured MFF for the 2021-2027 period in January 2021 coincided with efforts to reinvigorate and relaunch relations with Africa. Financial support is one of the key tools in the EU's external action, and, as before, it will also underpin future relations with Africa. This briefing aims to map the main EU financing instruments of relevance to Africa, including the funds that are outside the EU budget. It also points out the main novelties in the new MFF that have an impact on financing for Africa, such as the inclusion of the European Development Fund in the EU budget and the merging of most previous instruments into a single one, the NDICI (Global Europe Instrument). In the next seven years, the EU aims to spend its funds in a more flexible and streamlined way. This would enable it to respond quickly to crises and urgent needs in Africa and the rest of the world, to better coordinate its spending with its partners following a 'Team Europe' approach, and to leverage additional investment, including from the private sector, to boost growth and reduce the gap in official development assistance needed to achieve the sustainable development goals by 2030.

Discharge for 2019 budget – EU decentralised agencies and joint undertakings

21-04-2021

During its April plenary session, in the context of the discharge procedure for the financial year 2019, the European Parliament is due to vote on the discharge for each of 32 EU decentralised agencies and eight joint undertakings for their implementation of the 2019 budget. The Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) proposes to grant discharge to all of these entities, except for the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), for which it proposes to postpone the discharge decision.

During its April plenary session, in the context of the discharge procedure for the financial year 2019, the European Parliament is due to vote on the discharge for each of 32 EU decentralised agencies and eight joint undertakings for their implementation of the 2019 budget. The Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) proposes to grant discharge to all of these entities, except for the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), for which it proposes to postpone the discharge decision.

Neighbourhood and the world: Heading 6 of the 2021-2027 MFF

14-04-2021

In May 2018, the European Commission published its first proposal for the multiannual financial framework (MFF) for the 2021-2027 period, and a set of individual sectoral proposals. After months of negotiations and given the significantly changed context following the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Commission updated its proposals in May 2020. In the new MFF, external action is covered by Heading 6: Neighbourhood and the World, replacing the previous Heading 4: Global Europe. Taking into ...

In May 2018, the European Commission published its first proposal for the multiannual financial framework (MFF) for the 2021-2027 period, and a set of individual sectoral proposals. After months of negotiations and given the significantly changed context following the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Commission updated its proposals in May 2020. In the new MFF, external action is covered by Heading 6: Neighbourhood and the World, replacing the previous Heading 4: Global Europe. Taking into account the evolving international and EU context and the conclusions of the previous MFF's mid-term review, the Commission has aimed to make the EU's external action budget simpler and more flexible, to enable the EU to engage more strategically with partner countries throughout the financing period starting in 2021. Heading 6 comes with a slightly increased budget and important structural changes. Most hitherto stand-alone external financing instruments have been merged in a single one, the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI), which also integrates the biggest EU external financing fund, the European Development Fund, previously an off-budget instrument. Another new element is the establishment of an off-budget instrument, the European Peace Facility, to fund security and defence-related actions. With these changes, the Commission aims in part to take into account the need for the EU to align its actions with its international commitments under the UN's 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, the Paris Climate Agreement, the new EU Global Strategy, the European consensus on development, and European neighbourhood policy. It also aims to make EU added value, relevance and credibility more visible. Parliament and Council reached a compromise on the 2021-2027 MFF in November 2020. In December, Council adopted the MFF Regulation by unanimity, with Parliament's consent. Political agreement on the NDICI regulation, in particular, was reached in mid-December, and Parliament gave its provisional agreement to the instrument in mid-March 2021. Finalisation of the text and other legislative documents relating to the other external financing instruments continues in 2021. This is an update of a briefing from January 2020.

European public administration: Heading 7 of the 2021-2027 MFF

14-04-2021

In May 2018, the European Commission published its initial proposal for the EU's long-term budget for 2021-2027, the multiannual financial framework (MFF), followed by a subsequent proposal in May 2020. The 2021-2027 MFF was adopted in December 2020 and has been in force since 1 January 2021. It is structured around seven headings, with a total budget of €1 074.3 billion in 2018 prices. The greater part of these funds – over 93 % – is dedicated to a variety of EU programmes, and is invested primarily ...

In May 2018, the European Commission published its initial proposal for the EU's long-term budget for 2021-2027, the multiannual financial framework (MFF), followed by a subsequent proposal in May 2020. The 2021-2027 MFF was adopted in December 2020 and has been in force since 1 January 2021. It is structured around seven headings, with a total budget of €1 074.3 billion in 2018 prices. The greater part of these funds – over 93 % – is dedicated to a variety of EU programmes, and is invested primarily in Member States, and partially in partner countries as external spending. The administrative expenses of the EU account for approximately 6.8 % of the 2021-2027 MFF. In the preceding MFF, for the 2014-2020 period, administration came under Heading 5, while in the 2021-2027 MFF, administrative costs are to be funded under Heading 7, entitled 'European public administration', which includes a sub-heading for the administrative expenditure of the institutions. While in other policy areas there is more significant restructuring, the heading that covers EU administrative costs is comparable to that of the previous MFF in size and structure. In its initial proposals for Heading 7, the Commission maintained that to ensure the smooth functioning of the Union the EU budget must finance its administration adequately, particularly in view of the fact that the EU civil service underwent two successive and substantial reforms within a short time frame, in 2004 and 2014. The Commission has aimed to ensure that the EU can rely on a highly qualified administrative service that is balanced in terms of geography and gender. While the European Parliament backed the Commission's 2018 proposal, in its conclusions from the July 2020 summit, the Council proposed a €2 billion cut to allocations for this heading, which was eventually adopted. The total budget is €73 102 million (2018 prices) for the period covered by the next MFF. This is an update of a briefing from January 2020.

Understanding EU financing for external action

16-02-2021

To achieve its external objectives and priorities, the EU needs financial means in adequate proportions. Its global role and impact are defined to a great extent by the scope of its resources, but just as importantly by their efficient and coordinated use. This paper aims to examine the structure of the EU external financing in the 2014-2020 MFF and the agreed changes for the upcoming post-2020 period. It gives a general outline of the main financing instruments and mechanisms along with the multiple ...

To achieve its external objectives and priorities, the EU needs financial means in adequate proportions. Its global role and impact are defined to a great extent by the scope of its resources, but just as importantly by their efficient and coordinated use. This paper aims to examine the structure of the EU external financing in the 2014-2020 MFF and the agreed changes for the upcoming post-2020 period. It gives a general outline of the main financing instruments and mechanisms along with the multiple actors involved, while also underlining the complexity of the architecture and highlighting the proposed changes and main trends for the future of financing the EU's external action.

Amending Budget No 9/2020: Mobilisation of the EU Solidarity Fund

19-11-2020

Draft Amending Budget N°9/2020 (DAB 9/2020) accompanies the proposal to mobilise the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) for a total of €823.5 million to provide assistance to Croatia and Poland in relation to natural disasters, and advance payments to seven Member States relating to a public health emergency. DAB 9/2020 proposes to enter in the 2020 general budget a total of €734.6 million in commitments and payments, after deducting the advance already paid to Croatia. The European Parliament ...

Draft Amending Budget N°9/2020 (DAB 9/2020) accompanies the proposal to mobilise the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) for a total of €823.5 million to provide assistance to Croatia and Poland in relation to natural disasters, and advance payments to seven Member States relating to a public health emergency. DAB 9/2020 proposes to enter in the 2020 general budget a total of €734.6 million in commitments and payments, after deducting the advance already paid to Croatia. The European Parliament is set to vote on the Council position on DAB 9/2020 and on the proposal to mobilise the EUSF during the November II plenary session.

Amending Budget No 5/2020: Continuation of support to refugees in response to the Syria crisis

07-07-2020

Draft Amending Budget No 5/2020 (DAB 5/2020) accompanies the proposed decision of the European Parliament and of the Council to mobilise the Contingency Margin in order to continue support to refugees and host communities in response to the Syria crisis. Under the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) heading 4, 'Global Europe', €100 million in commitment and payment appropriations is proposed as resilience support to refugees and host communities in Jordan and Lebanon, whereas €485 million in commitment ...

Draft Amending Budget No 5/2020 (DAB 5/2020) accompanies the proposed decision of the European Parliament and of the Council to mobilise the Contingency Margin in order to continue support to refugees and host communities in response to the Syria crisis. Under the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) heading 4, 'Global Europe', €100 million in commitment and payment appropriations is proposed as resilience support to refugees and host communities in Jordan and Lebanon, whereas €485 million in commitment appropriations and €68 million in payment appropriations is proposed as urgent humanitarian support to refugees in Turkey under the Contingency Margin. The European Parliament is expected to vote on the Council position on DAB 5/2020 and the proposal to mobilise the Contingency Margin during its July plenary session.

Control of the financial activities of the European Investment Bank – Annual report 2018

06-07-2020

During its July plenary session, the European Parliament is set to discuss the Committee on Budgetary Control’s report on the control of the European Investment Bank's financial activities for 2018. Among other things, the report highlights the role of the Bank in financing the European Green Deal, the Just Transition Fund, and its future shift towards becoming 'the EU Climate Bank'. The report also stresses the need for more effectiveness and synergies when it comes to the European Fund for Strategic ...

During its July plenary session, the European Parliament is set to discuss the Committee on Budgetary Control’s report on the control of the European Investment Bank's financial activities for 2018. Among other things, the report highlights the role of the Bank in financing the European Green Deal, the Just Transition Fund, and its future shift towards becoming 'the EU Climate Bank'. The report also stresses the need for more effectiveness and synergies when it comes to the European Fund for Strategic Investments, and highlights the need for more transparency and accountability of all the Bank's operations, stronger external scrutiny and reinforced mechanisms to fight fraud and corruption.

The European Investment Bank's financial activities – 2019 annual report

06-07-2020

During its July plenary session, Parliament is scheduled to vote on the 2019 report on the European Investment Bank's financial activities, drafted by the Committee on Budgets. Among other things, the report highlights the need for the bank to put more focus on climate, digitalisation and just transition; further invest in the EU and beyond; provide continuous support for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and mid-cap firms; and ensure better governance and increased transparency.

During its July plenary session, Parliament is scheduled to vote on the 2019 report on the European Investment Bank's financial activities, drafted by the Committee on Budgets. Among other things, the report highlights the need for the bank to put more focus on climate, digitalisation and just transition; further invest in the EU and beyond; provide continuous support for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and mid-cap firms; and ensure better governance and increased transparency.

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