8

resultat(er)

Ord
Type af publikation
Politikområde
Forfatter
Dato

Trump, trade and tariffs [What Think Tanks are thinking]

16-03-2018

US President, Donald Trump, has imposed tariffs on steel and aluminium imports, raising fears of a trade war with other countries. He has argued that the levies, of 25 % on steel and 10 % on aluminium, are needed to protect US national security. But many analysts and politicians believe that they are actually meant to protect domestic producers and meet Trump's pre-election promise to return manufacturing jobs to the US. The European Union is seeking an exemption from the tariffs, which has already ...

US President, Donald Trump, has imposed tariffs on steel and aluminium imports, raising fears of a trade war with other countries. He has argued that the levies, of 25 % on steel and 10 % on aluminium, are needed to protect US national security. But many analysts and politicians believe that they are actually meant to protect domestic producers and meet Trump's pre-election promise to return manufacturing jobs to the US. The European Union is seeking an exemption from the tariffs, which has already been granted, in principle, to Canada and Mexico. If this does not happen, the EU could respond in several ways, including by imposing its own tariffs on US products. This note offers links to a series of recent commentaries and reports from major international think tanks and research institutes in reaction to Trump's decision. More reports on international trade can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are thinking' published in June 2017.

New US tariffs: Potential impact on the WTO

13-03-2018

On 8 March 2018, US President Donald Trump signed orders imposing tariffs of 25 % on steel imports and 10 % on aluminium imports. These tariffs will apply to all countries, except Canada and Mexico (and possibly also Australia). President Trump has expressed a willingness to discuss the measures with individual countries and make additional exceptions if US (security) concerns are addressed. The European Commission and other US trading partners have expressed their concern at the measures, fearing ...

On 8 March 2018, US President Donald Trump signed orders imposing tariffs of 25 % on steel imports and 10 % on aluminium imports. These tariffs will apply to all countries, except Canada and Mexico (and possibly also Australia). President Trump has expressed a willingness to discuss the measures with individual countries and make additional exceptions if US (security) concerns are addressed. The European Commission and other US trading partners have expressed their concern at the measures, fearing that they could lead to a wider trade dispute. The Trump administration's justification of the tariffs on national security grounds is also viewed as a threat to the multilateral trading system.

Outcome of the G20 Summit in Hangzhou, China

12-09-2016

The 11th G20 Leaders’ Summit took place in Hangzhou, China on 4-5 September 2016. The resulting communiqué focuses on pursuing innovative growth, building an open world economy and ensuring that economic growth benefits all countries and people. The EU’s main priorities at the Summit were fair taxation, overcapacity in the steel industry and the refugee crisis.

The 11th G20 Leaders’ Summit took place in Hangzhou, China on 4-5 September 2016. The resulting communiqué focuses on pursuing innovative growth, building an open world economy and ensuring that economic growth benefits all countries and people. The EU’s main priorities at the Summit were fair taxation, overcapacity in the steel industry and the refugee crisis.

Major EU-China antidumping cases

31-05-2016

In 2015, China remained by far the major target of antidumping (AD) investigations initiated by the European Commission. With a total of 53 AD measures in force against imports from China in that year, the country ranked ahead of Indonesia (10), Malaysia (6), Russia (6), India (5) and Taiwan (5). All six new AD probes in 2015 concerned the country, although Russia and Taiwan were also targeted in two of those. AD duties imposed in past probes and expiring between 2016 and 2020 are concentrated in ...

In 2015, China remained by far the major target of antidumping (AD) investigations initiated by the European Commission. With a total of 53 AD measures in force against imports from China in that year, the country ranked ahead of Indonesia (10), Malaysia (6), Russia (6), India (5) and Taiwan (5). All six new AD probes in 2015 concerned the country, although Russia and Taiwan were also targeted in two of those. AD duties imposed in past probes and expiring between 2016 and 2020 are concentrated in labour- and resource-intensive sectors, such as bicycles, ceramics, chemicals, solar panels and steel sectors, and concern industries with significant employment levels. A review of some key AD cases in these sectors shows that, besides circumventing AD duties, Chinese exporters have increasingly engaged in litigation against the EU before the EU Courts in order to avoid non-market economy treatment. In parallel, the Chinese government, which has become an active user of all available steps of the dispute settlement mechanism of the World Trade Organization (WTO) more generally, has challenged both procedural and substantive aspects of the EU Antidumping Regulation, while it has also employed what may be perceived as 'tit for tat' or retaliation strategies and its increased bargaining power through diplomatic channels. Against the backdrop of unprecedented over-capacity in Chinese heavy industries, notably in the steel sector, and an unabated surge in Chinese steel imports into the EU, in February 2016 new AD investigations into several steel products from China were launched. For details of the methodology for 'Calculation of dumping margins', at the heart of all antidumping cases, see the EPRS publication by Laura Puccio, PE 583.794.

The ILVA Industrial Site in Taranto

15-10-2015

This in-depth analysis summarises information on the case of environmental non-compliance of the ILVA steel plant situated in Taranto, Southern Italy. It discusses the economic importance of the plant and the environmental and health impacts resulting from its operation. It also presents an overview of actions taken in relation to the plant by EU bodies and Italian authorities and courts so far. This report was provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and ...

This in-depth analysis summarises information on the case of environmental non-compliance of the ILVA steel plant situated in Taranto, Southern Italy. It discusses the economic importance of the plant and the environmental and health impacts resulting from its operation. It also presents an overview of actions taken in relation to the plant by EU bodies and Italian authorities and courts so far. This report was provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Ekstern forfatter

Grazia Maria Vagliasindi (University of Cania) and Christiane Gerstetter (Ecologic Institute)

European Globalisation Adjustment Fund

02-03-2015

At its March plenary, the European Parliament is due to vote on six applications for the mobilisation of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF). The EGF provides one-off support to workers losing their jobs as a result of major structural changes in world trade patterns.

At its March plenary, the European Parliament is due to vote on six applications for the mobilisation of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF). The EGF provides one-off support to workers losing their jobs as a result of major structural changes in world trade patterns.

The European Union's Raw Materials Strategy

31-03-2011

Discussions about the security of raw material supply have become more and more intense in 2010. Prices for several resources have risen significantly. As many mass resources like iron ore were affected, price developments have been a critical and visible factor for several industries. Furthermore, international trade restrictions on rare earths markets attracted public attention. The European Commission has defined a resource strategy that takes the different responsibilities of private and public ...

Discussions about the security of raw material supply have become more and more intense in 2010. Prices for several resources have risen significantly. As many mass resources like iron ore were affected, price developments have been a critical and visible factor for several industries. Furthermore, international trade restrictions on rare earths markets attracted public attention. The European Commission has defined a resource strategy that takes the different responsibilities of private and public sector into account. Additionally, it has taken important first steps to implement the resource strategy. The recent communication of the European Commission documents the progress made in the last years and lists several relevant measures for the future. However, larger steps towards a more detailed strategy remain necessary. The policy mix must be tailored to each raw material, at least to the most critical ones. This has not been elaborated yet. Instead, the communication is overloaded with discussions on energy, agriculture and financial markets, which do not bear a solution for resource supply problems of the manufacturing sector.

Ekstern forfatter

BARDT, Hubertus (Cologne Institute for Economic Research, Köln, Germany) and KARAPINAR (Overseas Development Institute - ODI, UK)

Overview of Energy Efficiency measures of European industry

03-12-2010

Energy intensity improvements in industry have been significant over the past two decades. Further improvement potential can be tapped if targeted policy action is taken. However, the household, tertiary and transport sectors have even higher energy savings potentials. Energy savings policies improve industrial competitiveness and provide for economic benefits to society.

Energy intensity improvements in industry have been significant over the past two decades. Further improvement potential can be tapped if targeted policy action is taken. However, the household, tertiary and transport sectors have even higher energy savings potentials. Energy savings policies improve industrial competitiveness and provide for economic benefits to society.

Ekstern forfatter

Altmann and Michalski (Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik - LBST) ; Brenninkmeijer and Tisserand (HINICIO)

Kommende begivenheder

30-11-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | How to own the room (and the zoom) [...]
Anden begivenhed -
EPRS
30-11-2020
Hearing on Future-proofing the Tourism Sector: Challenges and Opportunities Ahead
Høring -
TRAN
30-11-2020
LIBE - FEMM Joint Hearing: Combating Gender based Violence: Cyber Violence
Høring -
FEMM LIBE

Partnere