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resultat(er)

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Type af publikation
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Dato

Human rights in EU trade policy: Unilateral measures

12-01-2017

Protection of human rights is one of the EU's overarching objectives in its external action, in line with the Treaty on European Union. One of the EU's main tools to promote human rights in third countries is the generalised system of preferences (GSP), granting certain developing countries preferential trade access to the EU market. Covering 90 third countries, the scheme includes explicit human rights conditionality, providing that preferences can be withdrawn in case of massive and systematic ...

Protection of human rights is one of the EU's overarching objectives in its external action, in line with the Treaty on European Union. One of the EU's main tools to promote human rights in third countries is the generalised system of preferences (GSP), granting certain developing countries preferential trade access to the EU market. Covering 90 third countries, the scheme includes explicit human rights conditionality, providing that preferences can be withdrawn in case of massive and systematic violations of core human rights or labour rights norms. A special incentive arrangement grants further tariff concessions to countries that ratify and implement a series of international conventions. Based on systematic monitoring by the European Commission, this is the most comprehensive and detailed human rights mechanism established in the framework of EU common commercial policy. In practice, the EU has privileged a strategy of incentivising gradual progress through dialogue and monitoring, rather than withdrawing preferences. Suspension of preferences under GSP is rarely applied and, when it is, it does not have an immediate and clear impact. The EU's unilateral trade measures to protect human rights are not limited to the GSP. The EU has taken steps to prohibit or limit trade in items that could cause human rights violations, such as torture and execution items, or dual use goods. New legislation is being considered on conflict minerals, and the European Parliament has asked for a proposal for legislation to ban the import of goods produced using child labour. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

The United Nations and the EU Trade Policy: The Case of UNCTAD

28-01-2016

The EU's trade policy does not exist in a vacuum. On the one hand, it is affected by international standard and rule-setting. On the other hand, the EU is itself an influential actor shaping the international trade agenda by participating in the work of international organisations and fora. This short note focuses on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

The EU's trade policy does not exist in a vacuum. On the one hand, it is affected by international standard and rule-setting. On the other hand, the EU is itself an influential actor shaping the international trade agenda by participating in the work of international organisations and fora. This short note focuses on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement: Reducing Bureaucracy at the Border

03-06-2015

The Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) was the principal outcome of the World Trade Organization's Ninth Ministerial Conference, held in December 2013. The TFA, part of the wider 'Bali package', covers issues including advanced rulings, transparency, goods in transit, specific issues responding to the concerns of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and simplifying customs formalities. The agreement represents a significant breakthrough, as it is the first multilateral agreement concluded by ...

The Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) was the principal outcome of the World Trade Organization's Ninth Ministerial Conference, held in December 2013. The TFA, part of the wider 'Bali package', covers issues including advanced rulings, transparency, goods in transit, specific issues responding to the concerns of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and simplifying customs formalities. The agreement represents a significant breakthrough, as it is the first multilateral agreement concluded by the WTO since the organisation was established in 1995, and could be a first step towards concluding the stalled Doha Round of negotiations. Its improved customs procedures have the potential to add approximately EUR 60 billion a year to global GDP. The EU has pledged more than EUR 400 million in assistance, to be disbursed over a period of five years, to help developing and least developed countries with the necessary adjustments.

Ekstern forfatter

June O'KEEFFE and Elina VIILUP

UNCTAD's World Investment Report 2014: Investing in the Sustainable Development Goals

04-12-2014

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are set to replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) after 2015. In its 2014 World Investment Report, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) assesses the developing countries' needs for financing in SDG-sensitive sectors over the period 2015 to 2030. UNCTAD points to a financing gap of US$2.5 trillion per year and suggests reflecting on policies to raise the share of private-sector participation in order to narrow that gap.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are set to replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) after 2015. In its 2014 World Investment Report, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) assesses the developing countries' needs for financing in SDG-sensitive sectors over the period 2015 to 2030. UNCTAD points to a financing gap of US$2.5 trillion per year and suggests reflecting on policies to raise the share of private-sector participation in order to narrow that gap.

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