Labour Market Shortages in the EU

16-03-2015

This report, provided by Policy Department A to the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, gives an overview of labour shortages, looking at their types and causes, their occurrence within the EU-28 and possible measures to counter them. It finds that there are no overall quantitative shortages at EU-28 level in the wake of the economic crisis, but qualitative shortages, especially relating to skills shortages and mismatch, occur in several regions, sectors, occupations and Member States. Employers and Member States are the prime actors to counter labour shortages effectively, but the EU can play an important supporting role through its influence on intra-EU mobility, by increasing the transparency of the labour market and by using its structural funds as supportive frameworks.

This report, provided by Policy Department A to the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, gives an overview of labour shortages, looking at their types and causes, their occurrence within the EU-28 and possible measures to counter them. It finds that there are no overall quantitative shortages at EU-28 level in the wake of the economic crisis, but qualitative shortages, especially relating to skills shortages and mismatch, occur in several regions, sectors, occupations and Member States. Employers and Member States are the prime actors to counter labour shortages effectively, but the EU can play an important supporting role through its influence on intra-EU mobility, by increasing the transparency of the labour market and by using its structural funds as supportive frameworks.

Externe Autor

Dafne REYMEN (IDEA Consult), Maarten GERARD (IDEA Consult), Paul DE BEER (AIAS/UvA), Anja MEIERKORD (ECORYS UK), Marii PASKOV (AIAS/UvA), Valentina DI STASIO (AIAS/UvA), Vicki DONLEVY (ECORYS UK), Ian Atkinson (Ecorys UK), Agnieszka MAKULEC (ECORYS PL), Ulrike FAMIRA-MÜHLBERGER (WIFO) and Hedwig LUTZ (WIFO)