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Data is not static in a personal/non-personal classification – with modern analytic methods, certain non-personal data can help to generate personal data – so the distinction may become blurred. Thus, de-anonymisation techniques with advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and manipulation of large datasets will become a major issue. In some new applications, such as smart cities and connected cars, the enormous volumes of data gathered may be used for personal information as well as for non-personal ...

Reform of the e-Privacy Directive

Briefing 30-08-2017

In January 2017, the Commission tabled a proposal for a regulation on privacy and electronic communications which would replace the current 2002 e-Privacy Directive. The main objectives of the review are: enhancing security and communications confidentiality; defining clearer rules on tracking technologies such as cookies; and achieving greater harmonisation among Member States. Stakeholders are divided on certain issues, including on the basic need for a new measure to protect confidentiality in ...

Am 15. Dezember 2015 erzielten das Parlament und der Rat eine vorläufige Einigung über eine neue EU-Richtlinie, in der gemeinsame Regeln zum Schutz von Geschäftsgeheimnissen und vertraulichen Informationen in der EU festgelegt werden. Der vereinbarte Text wurde am 28. Januar 2016 vom Rechtsausschuss (Berichterstatterin Constance Le Grip, PPE, Frankreich) angenommen und steht nun zur Abstimmung durch das gesamte Parlament.

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the Commission proposal for a Directive on the dissemination of Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes. Overall, the impression is that the IA has made a genuine attempt to present what it perceives to be the problems which need addressing and to define the objectives of the initiative and the progress indicators accordingly. The outcome ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying its proposal for a Directive on the protection of undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure (COM (2013) 813), which was adopted on 28 November 2013. It does not attempt to deal with the substance of the proposals and is drafted for informational and background purposes to assist the ...

Trade Secrets

Eingehende Analyse 15-04-2014

This document provides an analysis of the nature of a trade secret, its legal protection and the European Commission's recent proposal. While protection is afforded under several jurisdictions, such as EU law, international law, criminal law, civil law, labour law or simply tort law, no uniform instrument exists. As case law is very important for that kind of a relatively new concept, some examples from jurisprudence are provided.

Five and a half years since its adoption, the Mediation Directive (2008/52/EC) has not yet solved the ‘EU Mediation Paradox’. Despite its proven and multiple benefits, mediation in civil and commercial matters is still used in less than 1% of the cases in the EU. This study, which solicited the views of up to 816 experts from all over Europe, clearly shows that this disappointing performance results from weak promediation policies, whether legislative or promotional, in almost all of the 28 Member ...

Diese Studie enthält eine Bewertung der Kontrolle nationaler Sicherheitsund Nachrichtendienste durch Parlamente und spezielle außerparlamentarische Kontrollgremien und soll bewährte Verfahren aufzeigen, an denen sich das Europäische Parlament in seinem Bemühen um eine stärkere Überwachung von Europol, Eurojust, Frontex und in geringerem Maße auch des Sitcen orientieren könnte. Die Studie umfasst eine Reihe detaillierter Empfehlungen (u. a. für den Zugang zu Verschlusssachen). Diese basieren auf einer ...

The aim of this study is to present a number of options on the question of digital content security technology to the European Parliament, particularly the Committee on Legal Affairs and the Internal Market, and the European Commission, including operational options.