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Covering nearly one third of the land surface of the globe, forests make a wide range of direct and indirect contributions to human well-being. Home to most of the world's terrestrial biodiversity, they also play an essential role in climate change mitigation, removing about a quarter of the CO2 that human activities add to the atmosphere. Worldwide, millions of hectares (ha) of forests and other types of vegetation burn every year. Fire dynamics are shaped by a complex set of factors, including ...

Fast die Hälfte der Fläche der EU ist mit Wäldern und Waldflächen bedeckt. Die Wälder haben eine entscheidende Funktion, da sie die Auswirkungen des Klimawandels mindern können, viele Ökosystemleistungen bieten, zur Entwicklung einer kreislauforientierten Bioökonomie beitragen und Beschäftigung für rund 2,6 Millionen Menschen, insbesondere in ländlichen Gebieten, bieten. Das Europäische Parlament wird voraussichtlich während seiner ersten Plenartagung im Oktober über einen Initiativbericht abstimmen ...

Nowhere in the world are forests shrinking faster than in south-east Asia. Rapid population growth and economic development put intense pressure on the environment. Between 1990 and 2020, an area larger than Germany was deforested, over half of it in Indonesia. Land clearing for agriculture is the main cause of deforestation. Driven by booming global demand, oil palm plantations have spread into formerly forested land, especially in Indonesia and Malaysia, which are the world's largest producers. ...

The European Union and forests

Kurzdarstellungen zur EU 01-06-2017

The European Union (EU) does not have a common forestry policy. A large number of the EU’s policies and initiatives affect forests, however, both in the EU itself and in non-EU countries.

This study reviewed the state of transparency and accountability in the forestry sector in developing countries focusing on contributions of EU actions and provisions on the same. The study was based on review of literature, policies and reports on forest governance, using three FLEGT-VPA case study countries, namely Cameroon, Ghana and Tanzania. More than 200 million Euros have been invested into FLEGT-VPA and related activities around Africa with positive impacts on transparency, accountability ...

This briefing reviews Estonia’s progress in the transition to a circular economy, focusing on a three crucial and related policy areas: waste, renewable energy and sustainable bioenergy. A key challenge for Estonia in terms of moving to a circular economy will be to strengthen recycling, as well as high rates of separate collection in cities including Tallinn – Estonia is not on track to meet the EU’s 2020 targets for municipal solid waste recycling. • The share of renewable energy has increased ...

As a densely forested country, relying on a legacy of sustainable forest management and advanced forest-based industry, Finland is in a special position facing the current sustainability challenges: climate change, biodiversity loss and stagnating economy. This report, commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, presents the history of forest management and governance as well as recent developments in climate change, energy ...

A new impulse for EU forests

Auf einen Blick 20-04-2015

Forests are a valuable asset, serving economic, social and environmental purposes. Forests and wooded land cover over 40% of European Union territory, and represent 5% of the world's forests. The EU is one of the biggest traders and consumers of wood products in the world. In September 2013, the European Commission presented a renewed Forest Strategy to improve the coherence of forest-related measures and allow synergies with other sectors that influence forest management.

Forests and other wooded land cover over 40% of the land area in the European Union (EU). The forests in the EU belong to many different bioclimatic zones and have adapted to a variety of natural conditions. About 60% of the wooded land in the EU is privately owned. Expansion of the EU’s forest area currently exceeds the loss of forest land. This positive development sets the EU apart from the rest of the world, where deforestation continues to reduce forest area.

Research on: Forests

Eingehende Analyse 02-07-2013

'Research on: forests' is organised around a concise, scene-setting introduction and statistical snapshot, followed by an annotated list of relevant sources, classified in thematic sections (key overviews and statistics, forests and the Common Agricultural Policy, EU forestry-related actions, wood energy, forests and climate change, etc.).