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This study presents detail on pension rights of Members of the European Parliament, looking at arrangements in the Member States prior to the entry into force of the Members’ Statute in 2009; and EU-level pension arrangements, i.e. the Provisional Pension Schemes, the Voluntary Pension Scheme, and pension rights under the Members’ Statute. Moreover, a comparative analysis of the different arrangements is provided.

Japan's ageing society

Briefing 15-12-2020

Japan is aging fast. Its 'super-aged' society is the oldest in the world: 28.7 % of the population are 65 or older, with women forming the majority. The country is also home to a record 80 000 centenarians. By 2036, people aged 65 and over will represent a third of the population. Since 2011, the Japanese population has also been shrinking: it is a rare case of large country whose overall population is becoming smaller in prosperous and peaceful times. Japan's population is expected to drop from ...

Eine der wichtigsten demografischen Herausforde-run¬gen, mit denen die ländlichen Gebiete konfrontiert sind, ist die alternde Bevölkerung, was nicht nur die Landwir¬tinnen und Landwirte, sondern die ländliche Bevölke¬rung im Allgemeinen betrifft. In diesem Dokument wird das demografische Profil älterer Menschen in den länd¬lichen Gebieten der EU untersucht und eine Reihe von Fra¬gen zur Situation älterer Menschen vorgestellt. Zu den behandelten Themen gehören Gesundheit und Zu¬gang zu Dienstleistungen ...

As 13% of deaths in the EU 28 Member States (EU-28) were attributable to the environment in 2012,1 it is clear that the effects of climate change are having tangible consequences for the European population. Its pace and intensity could thus lead to increasing health risks accross the EU. Globally, temperatures have already risen by 1°C above pre-industrial levels and a temperature increase of more than 2°C would lead to even greater health risks, especially for vulnerable populations such as the ...

Europeans are ageing. In 2016, there were 3.3 people of working-age for each citizen over 65 years. By 2070, this will fall to only two. As the population lives longer, our care needs grow, but fewer people will be available to deliver them. Could assistive technologies (ATs) help us to meet the challenges of elderly care?

2015 ist fast jeder Vierte (23,8 %) in der Europäischen Union von Armut oder sozialer Ausgrenzung bedroht. Die Lebensbedingungen, der Grad der Armut und die Wege in und aus der Armut unterscheiden sich abhängig vom Alter und vom Geschlecht, aber auch während des gesamten Lebenszyklus. Kinder sind in Europa die am stärksten betroffene Altersgruppe, junge Erwachsene zwischen 18 und 24 Jahren haben in der Union derzeit einen Anteil von 10 % an den von Armut und sozialer Ausgrenzung bedrohten Personen ...

The European Parliament’s Legal Affairs Committee commissioned this study to evaluate and analyse, from a legal and ethical perspective, a number of future European civil law rules in robotics.

Measuring poverty is complex and a number of indicators are now used to try to give a comprehensive picture. A composite measure – 'at risk of poverty or social exclusion' (AROPE) – is used today to measure progress on the Europe 2020 anti-poverty target. In general, poverty for those aged 65 or older (65+) in the European Union significantly reduced between 2007 and 2014, in contrast to increases in poverty for people aged under 65. Those aged 65+ now have a significantly lower rate of being AROPE ...

Digital technologies play an important role in the everyday life of most Europeans; the internet allows people, businesses and governments to transform the ways they communicate and engage with one another. Yet some parts of the population are still excluded from using these new methods. Improving the EU fast broadband internet infrastructure is as important as upgrading the digital skills of citizens: 10% increase in broadband penetration may raise gross domestic product (GDP) by 1-1.5%, and by ...

The study provides an in-depth analysis of necessary technological changes, in order to improve the impact of higher or lower weight and volume of cars on road safety, particularly for, but not limited to vulnerable users. The analysis found that there are many vehicle based safety technologies that offer promise and further work should be undertaken to assess if future European type-approval regulation would be appropriate and proportional. Recommendations of technologies to consider are given.