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In May 2018, the European Commission published its proposals for the new multiannual financial framework (MFF), the EU's seven-year budget for the 2021-2027 period, followed by proposals for the MFF's individual sectoral programmes. In the proposals, financing external action is covered under Heading 6, 'Neighbourhood and the World', which replaces the current Heading 4, 'Global Europe'. Taking into account the evolving context both internationally and within the EU, as well as the conclusions of ...

The United Nations (UN) 2030 Agenda for sustainable development includes a strong commitment by all states to respect human rights, in line with international law and other relevant international documents, in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This covers the rights of the child as enshrined mainly in the UN Covenant on the Rights of the Child and other relevant human rights treaties. No action to implement the SDGs can be detrimental to the rights of the child. More ...

This document provides a comparison of the main objectives, tools and governance structures of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It contributes to the debate on recent proposal regarding the possible evolution of the ESM into a “European Monetary Fund”, in the wider context of the discussions on how to strengthen the governance of Economic and Monetary Union. The note also presents summaries of three external papers prepared in spring 2017, upon ...

CJEU Opinion on the EU-Singapore Agreement

Auf einen Blick 29-05-2017

In 2015, the European Commission requested the opinion of the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) on the competence for conclusion of the EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (EUSFTA). The CJEU issued its opinion on 16 May 2017, holding that the EUSFTA covers shared competences with respect to: (i) non-direct foreign investment, (ii) investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS), and (iii) state-to-state dispute settlement relating to provisions regarding portfolio investment and ISDS. In its current form, ...

Beschlussfassungsverfahren auf supranationaler Ebene

Kurzdarstellungen zur EU 01-05-2017

Die Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Union haben sich darauf geeinigt, als Folge ihrer Mitgliedschaft in der EU einige ihrer Befugnisse in bestimmten Politikbereichen an die EU-Organe abzutreten. Aus diesem Grund fassen die Organe der EU verbindliche supranationale Beschlüsse in ihren Gesetzgebungs- und Ausführungsverfahren sowie Haushalts-, Ernennungs- und verfassungsähnlichen Verfahren.

Die Europäische Union hat Rechtspersönlichkeit und verfügt über eine eigene Rechtsordnung, die sich von der internationalen Rechtsordnung unterscheidet. Des Weiteren wirkt sich das EU-Recht direkt oder indirekt auf die Rechtsvorschriften ihrer Mitgliedstaaten aus und wird Teil der Rechtsordnung der Mitgliedstaaten. Die Europäische Union selbst bietet eine Rechtsquelle. Die Rechtsordnung wird in der Regel in Primärrecht (die Verträge und allgemeinen Rechtsgrundsätze), in (auf der Grundlage der Verträge ...

Im Jahr 2014 begann eine noch nie da gewesene Bewegung von Asylsuchenden und Einwanderern jeden Alters in die EU, die im Jahr 2015 ihren Höhepunkt erreichte und bis 2016 und 2017 andauert. Es bedarf einer koordinierten und effektiven Schutzreaktion, bei der sowohl der Geschlechterdimension als auch den besonderen Bedürfnissen von Kindern Rechnung getragen wird. Das Europäische Parlament wird voraussichtlich im Rahmen der Plenartagung April I über einen Entschließungsantrag zu dem Thema „Bewältigung ...

EU strategy in the Horn of Africa

Auf einen Blick 07-12-2016

The Horn of Africa countries are plagued by violence and insecurity. A hub on the Red Sea trade and migration route, bordering the unstable areas of the Sahel and central Africa, the region is of strategic interest for the European Union. The EU has adopted an integrated framework to align various external policy programmes and instruments aimed at securing the region. However, strong antagonisms between the states concerned add to the difficulty of achieving a coordinated approach.

Foreign Affairs as field of EU action has very distinctive constitutional qualities. Its external powers are broad, encompassing not only traditional foreign policy, but also development cooperation and number of sectorial policies such as trade, transport and environment. This revised and expanded report provides an analysis of the changes in the constitutional and institutional framework brought about by the Lisbon Treaty and assess the implementation of those changes including obstacles to further ...

The European Council decided last year that the EU needs a new, comprehensive global strategy to face the growing challenges of globalisation, shifts in economic and political power and  expanding zones of conflict and instability. Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, is to present such a strategy during the European Council meeting in June 2016. Phenomena such as the digital revolution, climate change, competition for resources, growing inequality ...