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The EU fruit and vegetable sector is heavily dependent on a non-national labour force, either from other EU Member States or third countries. Germany, Italy, Spain, France and Poland, in particular, employ high numbers of migrant seasonal farm workers. While these numbers have been steadily increasing, they compensate only partly for the ongoing decline in national agricultural workforces. Migrant seasonal workers from the EU are entitled to fully equal treatment with nationals of the host country ...

Im Rahmen ihrer Bemühungen, die verkehrsbedingten Emissionen zu senken, will die EU die Binnenschifffahrt besser nutzen. Hierzu ist es erforderlich, das Problem der begrenzten Mobilität der Arbeitskräfte sowie den Mangel an qualifiziertem Personal anzugehen. Mit der vorgeschlagenen Richtlinie soll ein für alle Binnenwasserstraßen in der EU geltendes qualifikationsbasiertes System für Arbeitnehmern eingerichtet werden. Mit den neuen Vorschriften soll die Binnenschifffahrt im Endeffekt attraktiver ...

Policy debate on migration understandably focuses on short-term challenges and costs, given the refugee wave that arrived in the EU in 2015. This briefing by contrast addresses challenges and opportunities for the EU of migration in the long term, and builds on foresight work within the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS). It identifies three areas which call for robust policy responses, at different levels, in the period to 2030 and beyond: demographic change and its implications ...

Towards a Digital Single Market Act

Auf einen Blick 11-01-2016

In May 2015, the Commission adopted a strategic proposal entitled 'A Digital Single Market Strategy for Europe', comprising 16 legislative and non-legislative initiatives to be delivered by the end of 2016. A report by the Committees on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) and on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), elaborating on the Strategy and its impact on society and economy, is due to be discussed in plenary in January.

Skills mismatch (the discrepancy between workers' skills and labour market needs) is not only a problem encountered by jobseekers; it also affects employees working in positions below their levels of qualification or outside their fields of study, and concerns some groups of older workers that face difficulties in keeping their skills up to date. According to studies, various solutions include adapting education and training more closely to labour market needs; providing flexible arrangements and ...

The ongoing and anticipated impact of digitalisation and the digital single market not only provides opportunities, but also presents challenges in terms of the job dynamics and changes in working conditions. The net effects of digitalisation on employment are ambiguous, but job losses in certain sectors are inevitable. Classic employer-employee relationships are also under pressure. The transformation of jobs calls for different skills requirements which could lead to growing skill gaps and mismatch ...

Employment and Social Affairs Committee requested a study on Labour market Shortages in the European Union to provide a comprehensive overview of labour shortages in the European Union as there is evidence that in many countries considerable unemployment coexists with difficult to fill vacancies. This study analyses the different types and causes of labour shortages, their occurrence within the EU-28 and lists possible solutions for employers, Member States and the European Union to counter these ...

The EU faces long-term economic challenges. Its population is ageing, and its economy is increasingly dependent on jobs requiring high levels of skills. Therefore, during the last ten years, the EU has come to consider managed migration as an increasingly important way to provide European economies with the talent they need. Managing legal migration and integrating third-country nationals has significantly evolved in that time, following a sectoral approach. Several new legal instruments have been ...

A workshop on "The impact of the crisis on skills shortages" was held in the European Parliament in Brussels on 23 March 2015. This Policy Department A document contains the programme, a summary of discussions, background papers and the presentations of that workshop.

In recent years, the EU has developed a European dimension to education, notably in the area of higher education, where it has stimulated mobility of students and teachers. In the last two decades, major progress has also been made in harmonizing university degree structures and increasing the compatibility of higher education systems. The benefits of the support given to education at a Union level derive from the cross-border character of the activities in the field, which are additional to those ...