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This paper explores the specificities of islands of the European Union (including Outermost Regions), as well as their challenges and existing means of development. It aims to provide a basis for future discussions and research dedicated to islands’ situation, including the impact of the pandemic on their future development potential. This analysis includes an overview of policy responses for islands' challenges, focusing on Cohesion Policy. Recommendations address, inter alia, decarbonisation, sustainability ...

The European Union aims to ensure that road transport rules are applied effectively and without discrimination. The current rules governing the access to the international market for coach and bus services appear to have been only partly effective in promoting this mode of transport. There are still differences in rules on access to national markets, differences in openness of national markets, diverse national access arrangements and discrimination in access to terminals in some EU countries. In ...

Following political agreement with the Council, a vote in plenary on 2 October 2018 saw Parliament adopt the updated EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive, based on the proposal presented by the Commission on 25 May 2016. The overarching goal of the proposal was to bring about a balance between competitiveness and consumer protection. It therefore aimed to introduce flexibility when restrictions only applicable to TV are no longer justified, promote European films, protect minors and tackle hate ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above mentioned proposal, submitted on 8 November 2017 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism. Bus and coach transport is an economical, efficient and sustainable mode of transport that can contribute to reducing emissions and to improving accessibility for citizens with low income or living in isolated and low population density ...

Social enterprises combine societal goals with entrepreneurial spirit. These organisations focus on achieving wider social, environmental or community objectives. There is currently no specific European legal framework to help social enterprises to benefit from the internal market. Against this background, this European added value assessment identifies the challenges in the existing national legal frameworks regarding social enterprises. It argues that action at EU level would generate economic ...

Wettbewerbspolitik

Kurzdarstellungen zur EU 01-11-2017

Der Vertrag über die Arbeitsweise der Europäischen Union (AEUV) enthält in den Artikeln 101 bis 109 Regeln für den Wettbewerb im Binnenmarkt. Danach sind wettbewerbsbeschränkende Vereinbarungen zwischen Unternehmen untersagt. Marktbeherrschenden Unternehmen ist es verboten, ihre Stellung missbräuchlich auszunutzen und so den Handel zwischen den Mitgliedstaaten zu beeinträchtigen. Unternehmenszusammenschlüsse und Übernahmen von gemeinschaftsweiter Bedeutung werden von der Europäischen Kommission kontrolliert ...

The number of passenger night trains offering sleeping accommodation operated within Europe has declined rapidly since around 2010. This paper presents findings on what drives the financial, economic, social and environmental viability of services and hence decisions on whether to operate them or subsidise them. It presents conclusions and recommendations for the monitoring, management and regulation of the sector.

The study analyses the disruption created by shared mobility in the funding of transport infrastructure. While recognizing the benefits of shared mobility in terms of reduction of private car use, the study identifies that there might be short term negative effects on the revenues of long distance railway and coach operators. It also points out other potential risks, which include capture of value by commissions charged by platforms mediating mass-transit services (Mobility as a Service), freeriding ...

The study will describe the challenges for competition policy in relation to the internal energy market. It explores the specific topics related to the internal energy market and analyses the competition policy issues arising from the topics. The study will mainly focus on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, sector regulation and State aid. Other policy fields fall outside the scope. This presentation of the approach and preliminary results was prepared ...

Das vierte Eisenbahnpaket umfasst sechs Gesetzgebungsvorschläge, die von der Europäischen Kommission im Jahr 2013 vorgelegt wurden, um die Effizienz und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des Eisenbahnverkehrs in der Europäischen Union zu verbessern. Sein Ziel ist die Beseitigung der verbleibenden institutionellen, rechtlichen und technischen Hindernisse und die Schaffung eines wirklich integrierten europäischen Eisenbahnraums. Obwohl der Gesetzgebungsprozess zu den technischen Aspekten kaum Schwierigkeiten bereitete ...