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Looking back on the implosion of the Soviet Union in late 1991, this Briefing reflects on the debate in the Parliament about its possible consequences at the time. It shows that a clear majority of MEPs initially remained keen on the transformation of the Soviet Union into some kind of 'new Union'. They were concerned both about the dire economic situation in several Soviet republics, and about the maintenance of effective control over the Soviet Union's huge nuclear arsenal. Since 1988 the EP, like ...

From 12 to 17 June 2022, the World Trade Organization (WTO) held an extended 12th ministerial conference (MC12), after it had been postponed twice owing to the pandemic. Although the outcome of the MC12 was the result of hard-won compromises, it covers a wide range of key agenda items and may be said to provide new momentum for the WTO, which critics have often portrayed as moribund. The WTO has proved its centrality for crafting multilateral solutions for global challenges, notably against the backdrop ...

Russia’s war on Ukraine has sent global food prices soaring. It has fuelled inflation in the European Union, the United States and many other countries, while threatening hunger in some poorer regions. Russia and Ukraine play a major role in food and fertiliser supply. They export about 30 per cent of the world’s wheat and 75 per cent of its sunflower oil. Some countries in Africa and the Middle East are nearly 100-per cent dependent on Russian or Ukrainian food. According to the United Nations Food ...

This analysis looks into the complex relationship between two trends in international governance: an increase in multilateral arrangements between countries in order to govern internationally on the one hand, and a lack of democratic control over the decisions taken by multilateral organisations or conferences on the other. Multilateralism in the modern sense refers to an international mode of operation involving peaceful negotiations and diplomacy, also referred to as a ‘rules-based international ...

Bericht 2021 über Serbien

Auf einen Blick 29-06-2022

Serbien, ein Land mit 6,9 Millionen Einwohnern, macht seit dem Jahr 2012, in dem es zum Bewerberland wurde, Fortschritte auf dem Weg zum EU-Beitritt. Trotz einiger Fortschritte steht Serbien vor drei wesentlichen Herausforderungen: der Verbesserung des internen politischen Dialogs, dem Abschluss eines umfassenden rechtsverbindlichen Normalisierungsabkommens mit dem Kosovo* und der Sicherstellung einer besseren Angleichung an die Außenpolitik der EU. Im Juli 2022 wird voraussichtlich im Plenum über ...

Bericht 2021 über das Kosovo

Auf einen Blick 29-06-2022

Mit 1,8 Mio. Einwohnern (93 % ethnische Albaner) erklärte das Kosovo* im Jahr 2008 einseitig seine Unabhängigkeit von Serbien. Auf den Gipfeltreffen in Thessaloniki (2003), Sofia (2018) und kürzlich Zagreb (2020), Brdo (2021) und Brüssel (2022), auf denen die Staats- und Regierungschefs der EU ihre uneingeschränkte Unterstützung für die europäische Perspektive des Westbalkans bekräftigten, wurde die Perspektive des Kosovo für eine europäische Zukunft erklärt. Das Europäische Parlament soll bei seiner ...

Bericht 2021 über Bosnien und Herzegowina

Auf einen Blick 29-06-2022

Bosnien und Herzegowina (Bevölkerung: 3,8 Millionen) löste sich nach einem Referendum, das von der Ethnie der Serben boykottiert wurde, am 3. März 1992 vom ehemaligen Jugoslawien. Während des Gipfeltreffens EU-Westbalkan in Thessaloniki (2003) wurde Bosnien und Herzegowina eine EU-Mitgliedschaft in Aussicht gestellt; diese Perspektive wurde in Sofia (2018), Zagreb (2020), Brdo (2021) und zuletzt in Brüssel (2022) bekräftigt. Das Parlament wird voraussichtlich während seiner Plenartagung im Juli 2022 ...

'This is Europe' – an initiative proposed by the President of the European Parliament, Roberta Metsola – consists of a series of debates with EU leaders to discuss their visions for the future of the European Union. On 22 June, the Prime Minister of Croatia, Andrej Plenković, was the third EU leader to address the Parliament since its Conference of Presidents endorsed the initiative on 28 April. Mr Plenković considered Croatia to be at the centre of EU integration and expressed his support for more ...

The six Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo,* Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia) are all countries with substantial economic catch-up potential. The EU-led Berlin Process estimated an annual investment need of some €7.7 billion, which would provide the region with an additional 1 % GDP growth and a positive employment effect of up to 200 000 people. However, quality investments are scarce, or often attached to political, environmental and social conditionalities ...

The following is a qualitative, comparative analysis of international state and non-state mechanisms and tools aimed at protecting and ensuring the safety of journalists, and the extent to which they are used and valued in three non-EU countries: the Philippines, El Salvador and Tunisia. Emphasis is placed on the role of the EU in using and strengthening its own and other international instruments. The findings are based on 15 expert interviews and a literature review carried out between mid-February ...