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The economies of most ASEAN countries contracted due to the turmoil caused by the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020. Three of them, however, (Brunei, Myanmar/Burma and Vietnam) still managed to grow in terms of GDP, although at a much slower rate than in previous years. Despite the fact that the value of trade in goods declined by 10 % to €189 billion, the ASEAN countries remain an important partner for the EU, collectively representing 5 % of the EU’s overall trade in 2020, ranking in sixth place after ...

The Network and Information Security (NIS) Directive is the first piece of EU-wide legislation on cybersecurity, and its specific aim was to achieve a high common level of cybersecurity across the Member States. While it increased the Member States' cybersecurity capabilities, its implementation proved difficult, resulting in fragmentation at different levels across the internal market. To respond to the growing threats posed with digitalisation and the surge in cyber-attacks, the Commission has ...

Since the People's Republic of China (PRC) launched its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2013, President Xi Jinping's signature foreign policy project has drawn widespread criticism, including for challenging the traditional model of multilateral infrastructure financing. Western-led bilateral and plurilateral infrastructure and connectivity initiatives designed as alternatives have remained fragmented and have been dwarfed in scope and scale by a geographically and thematically rapidly expanding ...

This Briefing forms part of an EPRS series which offers a synthesis of the pre-legislative state-of-play and advance consultation on a range of key European Commission priorities during the latter's five-year term in office. It seeks to summarise the state of affairs in the relevant policy field, examine how existing policy is working on the ground, and identify best practice and ideas for the future on the part of governmental organisations at all levels of European system of multilevel governance ...

Welt-AIDS-Tag 2021: 1. Dezember

Auf einen Blick 30-11-2021

Der Welt-AIDS-Tag wurde 1988 von den Vereinten Nationen ausgerufen und wird seither jährlich am 1. Dezember begangen. Er soll Aufmerksamkeit wecken, Vorurteile bekämpfen, Fortschritte bei der Prävention fördern und die Behandlung weltweit verbessern. Obwohl eine Ansteckung mit dem humanen Immunschwächevirus (HIV) vermeidbar ist, stellt ein beträchtliches Ausmaß an HIV-Übertragungen nach wie vor ein Problem für die Gesundheitssysteme der EU-Mitgliedstaaten dar. Das diesjährige Motto „End inequalities ...

Valéry Giscard d'Estaing war eine der wichtigsten Vertreter der auf die Gründerpersönlichkeiten folgenden Generation. Er stand Jean Monnet nahe und sagte selbst, sein Vorbild sei Robert Schuman gewesen, für den, wie auch für Valéry Giscard d'Estaing selbst, die Beziehung zu Deutschland von wesentlicher Bedeutung war. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing wurde in Koblenz in Deutschland geboren, wo sein Vater Mitarbeiter der französischen Verwaltung der Region nach 1918 war. Als sehr junger Mann nahm er an der ...

Uncertainty is growing over the recovery of the European economy from the recession generated by the Covid-19 pandemic. The European Commission has painted an optimistic growth scenario in its most recent forecast, with the economy expected to expand by 5 per cent and 4.3 per cent in 2021 and 2022 respectively. However, an increasing number of analysts see the potential for growth dampened by new restrictions in the run-up to Christmas this year given a fourth/fifth wave of the pandemic currently ...

The European Council in 2019

Studie 30-11-2021

The year 2019 provided a respite for the European Council from crisis management, but was not without major challenges. Three stood out: the Spitzenkandidaten process for selecting the next President of the European Commission; Brexit, which unexpectedly remained on the agenda of the European Council throughout the year; and policy towards climate change. The European Council had mixed feelings about the Spitzenkandidaten process, with one of its leading members being adamantly opposed. That set ...

In this study we analyse the provisions of the EU-Mercosur trade agreement (EUMETA) in its form presented by the European Commission. Our analysis covers the potential macroeconomic effects of the agreement that are based on the analysis of the extent of trade liberalisation through the lens of a computable general simulation model, as well as more detailed analysis of trade structure, tariff structure, non-tariff protection and the trade-related provisions of the agreement including trade in services ...

Achieving climate neutrality may depend on a few technologies: The International Energy Agency scenario for net zero by 2070 predicts that half of the emissions reductions depend on low-carbon hydrogen, carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS), bioenergy, and electrification of end-use sectors such as heating and transport. Further investment in research and development (R&D) is essential for helping commercialise these technologies. Yet energy sector R&D spending is stymied by high capital ...