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The future of work: Trends, challenges and potential initiatives

15-02-2021

The current coronavirus pandemic and its accompanying health and economic crises have highlighted and heightened certain trends and challenges which were already affecting the labour market in Europe. These include accelerated digitalisation and automation, increased use of artificial intelligence, constraints relating to a lack of digital skills, and problems concerning the status of platform workers and other workers in non-standard forms of employment. In parallel, there has been an unprecedented ...

The current coronavirus pandemic and its accompanying health and economic crises have highlighted and heightened certain trends and challenges which were already affecting the labour market in Europe. These include accelerated digitalisation and automation, increased use of artificial intelligence, constraints relating to a lack of digital skills, and problems concerning the status of platform workers and other workers in non-standard forms of employment. In parallel, there has been an unprecedented expansion in teleworking, and in the development of transport and delivery platforms, as a result of the need for social distancing during the pandemic. Many of these changes will outlive the current crisis and generate in turn new challenges, which the EU and Member States will need to address.

Europäisches Netzwerk der öffentlichen Arbeitsverwaltungen

05-11-2020

Die öffentlichen Arbeitsverwaltungen sind die wichtigsten Einrichtungen, die beschäftigungspolitische Maßnahmen zur Erleichterung der Integration von Arbeitsuchenden in den Arbeitsmarkt durchführen. Die Kommission hat vorgeschlagen, das europäische Netzwerk dieser Verwaltungen zu erweitern und zu verbessern, indem es unter anderem mit anderen Akteuren auf dem Arbeitsmarkt zusammenarbeitet und sich an die Herausforderungen der Digitalisierung, an die technischen Entwicklungen in der Arbeitswelt und ...

Die öffentlichen Arbeitsverwaltungen sind die wichtigsten Einrichtungen, die beschäftigungspolitische Maßnahmen zur Erleichterung der Integration von Arbeitsuchenden in den Arbeitsmarkt durchführen. Die Kommission hat vorgeschlagen, das europäische Netzwerk dieser Verwaltungen zu erweitern und zu verbessern, indem es unter anderem mit anderen Akteuren auf dem Arbeitsmarkt zusammenarbeitet und sich an die Herausforderungen der Digitalisierung, an die technischen Entwicklungen in der Arbeitswelt und an den demografischen Wandel anpasst. Es wird erwartet, dass das Europäische Parlament auf der ersten Plenartagung im November in erster Lesung über den in Trilogverhandlungen mit dem Rat ausgehandelten Text abstimmt.

Recent trends in female employment

27-10-2020

Statistics and research results show that in recent decades, before the coronavirus pandemic, the EU's labour market witnessed an increase in female employment rates. Women's employment seems to have been more resilient than men's to the economic and financial crisis in 2008. This was due in part to long-term developments and changes in the institutional framework, but also to women's tendency to work in particular sectors and accept flexible working arrangements (such as part-time work or teleworking ...

Statistics and research results show that in recent decades, before the coronavirus pandemic, the EU's labour market witnessed an increase in female employment rates. Women's employment seems to have been more resilient than men's to the economic and financial crisis in 2008. This was due in part to long-term developments and changes in the institutional framework, but also to women's tendency to work in particular sectors and accept flexible working arrangements (such as part-time work or teleworking). The coronavirus crisis, however, has had a harsher impact on women than on men when it comes to the labour market. One of the main reasons is that men tend more to work in sectors considered as essential economic activities (with the exception of healthcare), whereas women's work often involves contact with customers and clients, making teleworking impossible. Women have also been faced with increased childcare needs, reducing their ability to work, while enjoying a lower level of social protection owing to their working arrangements. Although EU legislation takes account of the situation of women in the labour market, and a number of legislative and non-legislative initiatives have recently been taken at EU level, a number of challenges remain. Areas where action is required include: the harmonisation of retirement schemes, to take the specific nature of women's careers into account; better reconciliation of work and family life by means of more flexible employment arrangements; and action to address the perennial gender pay gap. This is an update of an earlier briefing on Trends in female employment, from October 2015, PE 569.049.

The future of tertiary education in Europe

28-09-2020

This analysis focuses on six challenges facing tertiary education in the EU: the need to maintain relevance to current and future aspirations, the impact of digital and disruptive technologies, the way it collaborates with business, global and intra-EU collaboration, quality assurance, financing and barriers to inclusion. It also looks at trends in two of the largest higher education systems outside the European Higher Education Area, those in the United States and China. This provides the backdrop ...

This analysis focuses on six challenges facing tertiary education in the EU: the need to maintain relevance to current and future aspirations, the impact of digital and disruptive technologies, the way it collaborates with business, global and intra-EU collaboration, quality assurance, financing and barriers to inclusion. It also looks at trends in two of the largest higher education systems outside the European Higher Education Area, those in the United States and China. This provides the backdrop to discuss how the next Multiannual Financial Framework, which is currently under negotiation, will put tools at the EU's disposal to exert some influence on the future trajectory of tertiary education, as well as the European Parliament's role in these negotiations.

Coronavirus and the world of work

23-04-2020

The coronavirus pandemic and the measures taken to curb its spread have had far-reaching and lasting consequences in different sectors of the economy, in the form of job and income losses or significantly modified working conditions. This briefing gives an overview of the host of problems confronting workers and employers due to the pandemic and its consequences, and presents possible solutions that can be applied at different levels. A set of solutions concerns the level of the individual worker ...

The coronavirus pandemic and the measures taken to curb its spread have had far-reaching and lasting consequences in different sectors of the economy, in the form of job and income losses or significantly modified working conditions. This briefing gives an overview of the host of problems confronting workers and employers due to the pandemic and its consequences, and presents possible solutions that can be applied at different levels. A set of solutions concerns the level of the individual worker or the company employing them. Certain types of occupations, for instance, allow 'going digital' (even if teleworking also has its challenges). In other cases, the company can pay partial or total wages or sick leave to its employees. At yet another level, that of the Member States, short-time work schemes can be introduced or have their scope further extended. Governments can also regulate parameters of teleworking or extend income replacements to groups of workers benefiting from lesser social protection. Through initiatives such as the Support to Mitigate Unemployment Risks in Emergency (SURE) and the Coronavirus Response Investment Initiatives, the European Union is taking an active part in tackling the coronavirus crisis by supporting Member States, companies and workers to face the challenges. At its 16-17 April plenary session, the European Parliament voted on and adopted a number of important coronavirus-related proposals, concerning among others workers in certain sectors (healthcare, fishermen and aquaculture farmers) as well as more flexible use of the European structural and investment funds.

Demografischer Ausblick für die Europäische Union 2020

02-03-2020

Es kommt auf die Demografie an. Wirtschaft und Arbeitsmarkt, aber auch sozialer Schutz, Generationen-gerechtigkeit und Gesundheitsversorgung, Umwelt, Nahrungsmittel und Ernährung werden von der Demografie bestimmt. Die Bevölkerung der EU-Länder ist erheblich gewachsen – um ungefähr ein Viertel seit 1960 – und steht derzeit bei fast 450 Millionen. Doch nun beginnen die Zahlen zu stagnieren und werden ab der Jahrhundertmitte voraussichtlich zurückgehen. Da die Weltbevölkerung noch erheblicher zugenommen ...

Es kommt auf die Demografie an. Wirtschaft und Arbeitsmarkt, aber auch sozialer Schutz, Generationen-gerechtigkeit und Gesundheitsversorgung, Umwelt, Nahrungsmittel und Ernährung werden von der Demografie bestimmt. Die Bevölkerung der EU-Länder ist erheblich gewachsen – um ungefähr ein Viertel seit 1960 – und steht derzeit bei fast 450 Millionen. Doch nun beginnen die Zahlen zu stagnieren und werden ab der Jahrhundertmitte voraussichtlich zurückgehen. Da die Weltbevölkerung noch erheblicher zugenommen hat und das Wachstum weiter anhält, nimmt der Anteil der EU an der Weltbevölkerung ab. Zudem altert die EU-Bevölkerung dramatisch, da sich die Lebenserwartung erhöht und die Fruchtbarkeitsziffern hinter ihr früheres Niveau zurückgehen. Das hat für eine Reihe von Bereichen, einschließlich Wirtschaft, Gesundheits-versorgung und Altersversorgung, weitreichende Folgen. Auch die Freizügigkeit innerhalb der EU und die Migration aus Drittstaaten spielen eine wichtige Rolle bei der Entwicklung der Demografie in einzelnen Mitgliedstaaten und Regionen. Im Fokus der diesjährigen Ausgabe des demografischen Ausblicks stehen die mit Nahrungsmitteln und Ernährung verbundenen demografischen Herausforderungen. Es wird gezeigt, dass die EU, selbst wenn sich die Nahrungsmittelqualität verbessert und gesündere Ernährungsgewohnheiten zu einer höheren Lebenserwartung führen, weiterhin die schädlichen Folgen bekämpfen und gegen die Ursachen ernährungsbedingter chronischer Krankheiten wie Adipositas, Diabetes und Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen vorgehen muss. Dieses Gutachten ist das dritte einer Serie, die der EPRS zu den demografischen Aussichten für die Europäische Union erstellt.

Prudential requirements and supervision of investment firms

15-01-2020

Investment firms play an important role in capital markets, facilitating savings and investment flows across the EU. However, the current EU rules are seen as fragmented, overly complex, inconsistently applied and often a poor fit for the actual risks taken by the various types of investment firms. The Commission proposed a new regulation on the prudential requirements of investment firms and a new directive on the prudential supervision of investment firms. These proposals update the framework for ...

Investment firms play an important role in capital markets, facilitating savings and investment flows across the EU. However, the current EU rules are seen as fragmented, overly complex, inconsistently applied and often a poor fit for the actual risks taken by the various types of investment firms. The Commission proposed a new regulation on the prudential requirements of investment firms and a new directive on the prudential supervision of investment firms. These proposals update the framework for investment firms, making it more effective and more closely calibrated to the size and nature of the various investment firms and their risks. Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) agreed its report and negotiating mandate on 24 September 2018. On 20 March 2019, provisional agreements were reached by Parliament and Council negotiators. Parliament adopted the texts at first reading on 16 April 2019. Following linguistic corrections, corrigenda were endorsed by Parliament in October, and the regulation and directive were adopted by the Council then signed into law on 27 November. Both will apply in full from 26 June 2021. Second edition of a briefing originally drafted by David Eatock. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

A fresh look at the future of work in the EU

24-10-2019

Economic and technical changes are redrawing the map of the world of work: new jobs are appearing while others are becoming obsolete, and atypical work patterns are replacing full-time work and open-ended contracts. In addition, work is increasingly being carried out on online platforms connecting buyers and sellers, or by large project teams across borders and time zones. Robotics and digitalisation raise new questions, as machines progressively replace the human workforce for routine tasks, and ...

Economic and technical changes are redrawing the map of the world of work: new jobs are appearing while others are becoming obsolete, and atypical work patterns are replacing full-time work and open-ended contracts. In addition, work is increasingly being carried out on online platforms connecting buyers and sellers, or by large project teams across borders and time zones. Robotics and digitalisation raise new questions, as machines progressively replace the human workforce for routine tasks, and new types of professional and personal skills are required to respond to technological progress. Active labour-market policies are gradually adapting to the changing reality in the world of work. This concerns social security systems, which increasingly face include new, and constantly changing requirements, as well as ethical and practical problems relating to robotics. The EU focuses on protecting workers' rights while ensuring innovation, as the examples of the recently adopted Directive on Transparent and Predictable Working Conditions and the establishment of the new European Labour Authority illustrate. The need for the new digital skills that are essential to successfully master the challenges of the new working environment also continues to grow. This is an update of an earlier Briefing on the Future of work in the EU, from April 2017, PE 599.426.

Hearings of the Commissioners-designate: Dubravka Šuica – Vice-President: Democracy and Demography

26-09-2019

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication ...

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication skills'. At the end of the hearings process, Parliament votes on the proposed Commission as a bloc, and under the Treaties may only reject the entire College of Commissioners, rather than individual candidates. The Briefing provides an overview of key issues in the portfolio areas, as well as Parliament's activity in the last term in that field. It also includes a brief introduction to the candidate.

Framework for a pan-European personal pension product (PEPP)

26-08-2019

Europe's population is ageing, due to people living longer and having fewer children, putting pressure on pension systems and leading to reforms to make public pensions more sustainable – and often less generous – in future. To support retirement incomes, the European Commission's 2012 pensions white paper called for more opportunities for citizens to save in safe and good-value complementary pensions. The aim of the proposed framework for a pan-European personal pension product (PEPP) was to encourage ...

Europe's population is ageing, due to people living longer and having fewer children, putting pressure on pension systems and leading to reforms to make public pensions more sustainable – and often less generous – in future. To support retirement incomes, the European Commission's 2012 pensions white paper called for more opportunities for citizens to save in safe and good-value complementary pensions. The aim of the proposed framework for a pan-European personal pension product (PEPP) was to encourage the development of personal (voluntary, individually funded) pensions in Europe, to support retirement saving and strengthen the single market for capital by making more funds available for investment. Generally the proposal was considered a welcome extra option to support retirement savings and investment. However differing national pension systems and tax treatments were noted as challenges, although the Commission also issued an accompanying tax recommendation. Following trilogue negotiations, an agreement was reached on the legislative proposal. It was subsequently approved by the Parliament on 4 April 2019 and by the Council on 14 June 2019. The final act was signed on 20 June 2019. Third edition of a briefing originally drafted by David Eatock. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

15-03-2021
EPRS online Book Talk with Vivien Schmidt: Legitimacy and power in the EU
Andere Veranstaltung -
EPRS
16-03-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: Inside the New European Bauhaus
Andere Veranstaltung -
EPRS
17-03-2021
Hearing on Responsibilities of transport operators and other private stakeholders
Anhörung -
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