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Sustainable and smart mobility strategy

20-01-2021

Transport is the backbone of the EU economy, connecting people and businesses across various EU regions and countries. The coronavirus pandemic has shown the impact of mobility restrictions on the free movement of people, goods and services and, at the same time, confirmed the essential role of transport in safeguarding the functioning of vital supply chains. However, transport also generates significant costs to society, in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, environmental pollution, accidents, congestion ...

Transport is the backbone of the EU economy, connecting people and businesses across various EU regions and countries. The coronavirus pandemic has shown the impact of mobility restrictions on the free movement of people, goods and services and, at the same time, confirmed the essential role of transport in safeguarding the functioning of vital supply chains. However, transport also generates significant costs to society, in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, environmental pollution, accidents, congestion and loss of biodiversity. EU ambitions to address these negative impacts have increased over the years. In December 2019, the European Commission put forward the European Green Deal that aims to make the EU carbon neutral by 2050. This goal was subsequently endorsed by the European Parliament and EU Member States. To achieve climate neutrality, the EU transport sector has to cut its CO2 emissions by 90 %. This requirement is in stark contrast with the past trend: despite previously adopted measures, transport is the only sector in which greenhouse gas emissions have kept growing. The Commission has therefore proposed a strategy outlining how it wants to transform the EU transport sector and align it with the European Green Deal, by making it green, digital and resilient. While transport stakeholders have welcomed parts of the strategy as steps in the right direction, concerns about the text’s high ambitions and lack of concrete elements have been voiced. The Commission is to start proposing the measures envisaged in 2021. It remains to be seen to what extent, with what modifications and how fast they will be adopted and then implemented by EU Member States, shaping transport transformation for the years to come.

The trans-European transport network: State of play in 2020

22-12-2020

For a number of years now, the EU has been developing a transport network across its territory to link its regions and countries, and thus also markets and people. This large-scale project – the trans-European transport network (TEN-T) – should be efficient and sustainable, and contribute to economic activity. It covers the development of all transport modes, yet seeks to shift a significant part of road transport to less polluting modes, in particular rail and inland waterways. In 2013, the EU Member ...

For a number of years now, the EU has been developing a transport network across its territory to link its regions and countries, and thus also markets and people. This large-scale project – the trans-European transport network (TEN-T) – should be efficient and sustainable, and contribute to economic activity. It covers the development of all transport modes, yet seeks to shift a significant part of road transport to less polluting modes, in particular rail and inland waterways. In 2013, the EU Member States agreed to have the 'core' network ready by 2030, and set aside unprecedented amounts of funding to achieve this goal. Seven years later, the European Commission is taking stock of what has been achieved, what remains to be done and what will not be achieved within the 2030 horizon. It has already proposed changes to the EU financial support for TEN-T for the 2021-2027 period and reviews of the relevant guidelines, and plans to propose an adapted set of rules to the European Parliament and the Council in 2021. These should better support transport decarbonisation and digitalisation, as well as boost infrastructure resilience to climate change. This briefing looks at the latest updates to the work plans prepared by the European Coordinators, the experts each responsible for advancing one branch of the network through having the best grassroots information available to them. Their views are complemented with the more general findings from reports published by the European Court of Auditors. Some thorny issues of past and future financing of the TEN-T projects are mentioned and, finally, an outline of expected developments is given, both related to the United Kingdom's exit from the EU and the EU's next multiannual budget, for 2021-2027.

Decarbonising maritime transport: The EU perspective

21-10-2020

International maritime transport is the backbone of the global economy. However, vessels release emissions that pollute the air and contribute significantly to global warming. As shipping is forecast to grow, reducing these emissions is urgent, in order not to undermine emissions-reducing efforts in other areas, to keep humans healthy, preserve the environment and limit climate change. Although international shipping was not explicitly mentioned in the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, efforts to make ...

International maritime transport is the backbone of the global economy. However, vessels release emissions that pollute the air and contribute significantly to global warming. As shipping is forecast to grow, reducing these emissions is urgent, in order not to undermine emissions-reducing efforts in other areas, to keep humans healthy, preserve the environment and limit climate change. Although international shipping was not explicitly mentioned in the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, efforts to make shipping cleaner and greener have since progressed. International rules to reduce air-polluting emissions from ships have been agreed in the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Their impact, in particular the application of stricter limits for sulphur content in marine fuels since 1 January 2020, is yet to be evaluated. Parallel efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from maritime shipping have resulted in the setting of rules on collecting data on fuel oil consumption and the first collected data becoming available. In 2018, the IMO adopted an initial strategy for reducing GHG emissions, aimed at cutting shipping GHG emissions by at least 50 % by 2050, compared to 2008 levels. While concrete steps are yet to be agreed, achieving this goal will require both short-term emission-reducing measures and longer-term measures to make shipping switch to alternative fuels. Short-term guidance from the IMO is expected in 2020. On the EU front, the European Commission announced in the European Green Deal that GHG from EU transport should be cut by 90 % by 2050 and outlined how this would involve shipping. Initial measures are to be proposed by the end of 2020. This briefing reviews the existing international and EU rules on shipping emissions and their application, looks into the short-term measures under discussion and maps the landscape of marine fuels and technologies that could help decarbonise shipping in the long term.

Transport CO2 emissions in focus

07-10-2020

To limit global warming in line with the Paris Agreement, Europe aims to become the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050. To speed up this transition, the European Commission has proposed to raise the level of ambition, and reduce the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions by 55 % by 2030. On 7 October, in its position on the proposed European Climate Law, the European Parliament voted to raise the 2030 target to a 60 % reduction. This overview shows how transport activities resulted in about 29 ...

To limit global warming in line with the Paris Agreement, Europe aims to become the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050. To speed up this transition, the European Commission has proposed to raise the level of ambition, and reduce the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions by 55 % by 2030. On 7 October, in its position on the proposed European Climate Law, the European Parliament voted to raise the 2030 target to a 60 % reduction. This overview shows how transport activities resulted in about 29 % of total EU CO2 emissions in 2018. The map below gives the share of transport emissions (from fuel combustion, not including indirect emissions from electricity use) in the total CO2 emissions of each Member State, and the volume contribution of different transport modes to the EU total. While the volumes of total CO2 emissions have decreased in most Member States between 1990 and 2018, those resulting from transport show increases, in some cases more than twofold.

Connecting Europe Facility 2021-2027: Financing key EU infrastructure networks

17-06-2020

The EU supports the development of high-performing, sustainable and interconnected trans-European networks in the areas of transport, energy and digital infrastructure. It set up the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) as a dedicated financing instrument for the 2014-2020 period, to channel EU funding into the development of infrastructure networks, help eliminate market failures and attract further investment from the public and private sectors. Following a mid-term evaluation, the European Commission ...

The EU supports the development of high-performing, sustainable and interconnected trans-European networks in the areas of transport, energy and digital infrastructure. It set up the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) as a dedicated financing instrument for the 2014-2020 period, to channel EU funding into the development of infrastructure networks, help eliminate market failures and attract further investment from the public and private sectors. Following a mid-term evaluation, the European Commission proposed to renew the programme under the next long term EU budget. Negotiations between the Council and the European Parliament on the content of the proposal reached a partial provisional agreement, leaving aside the budget section and the questions relating to third countries. The agreement was approved by EU ambassadors and adopted by the Parliament at first reading on 17 April 2019. Discussions in the Council on the EU's 2021-2027 budget resumed when the Finnish Presidency of the Council published its ‘negotiating box’ in December 2019 and then with the proposal put forward in February 2020 by the President of the European Council, Charles Michel. However, Member States have not yet reached an agreement. In reaction to the coronavirus crisis and to the demand of the European Council, the Commission proposed an EU recovery fund and the adjusted Multiannual Financial Framework on 27 May 2020, also modifying the amounts to be allocated to the 2021-2027 CEF programme. Fourth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

EU shipping and ports facing coronavirus

11-05-2020

Maritime shipping moves around 75 % of the EU’s external trade and 30 % of intra-EU transport of goods. As part of the wider international maritime community, it supports complex supply chains moving food, energy and raw materials, manufactured goods and components as well as medical supplies. To keep functioning during the coronavirus outbreak, maritime shipping, ports and inland navigation face a new set of challenges that require EU support and a coordinated approach from the world’s governments ...

Maritime shipping moves around 75 % of the EU’s external trade and 30 % of intra-EU transport of goods. As part of the wider international maritime community, it supports complex supply chains moving food, energy and raw materials, manufactured goods and components as well as medical supplies. To keep functioning during the coronavirus outbreak, maritime shipping, ports and inland navigation face a new set of challenges that require EU support and a coordinated approach from the world’s governments.

Václav Havel: Advocate of an undivided Europe

08-05-2020

Despite a 'bourgeois' family background, which was a disqualification in communist-led Czechoslovakia, Václav Havel rapidly became an internationally acclaimed playwright. However, his unequivocally proclaimed ethical principles soon put him at odds with the communist regime, resulting in several prison sentences. Havel nevertheless held fast to his belief that moral integrity was a question of necessity, not choice, and attempted to live up to this ideal. The 1989 collapse of the regime made Havel ...

Despite a 'bourgeois' family background, which was a disqualification in communist-led Czechoslovakia, Václav Havel rapidly became an internationally acclaimed playwright. However, his unequivocally proclaimed ethical principles soon put him at odds with the communist regime, resulting in several prison sentences. Havel nevertheless held fast to his belief that moral integrity was a question of necessity, not choice, and attempted to live up to this ideal. The 1989 collapse of the regime made Havel a hero and, shortly after, an unlikely President. During his years in office, he managed to drive his country through the challenges of moving to a free market democracy, while maintaining his personal moral convictions and tirelessly advocating for larger issues of human rights, peace and democracy, underpinned by an active civil society. While Havel and his collaborators recast the foundations of today's Czech and Slovak democracies, his achievements in foreign policy have perhaps been even more important. Reminding Western countries of the dangers of a Europe that continued to be divided even after the removal of the Iron Curtain, Havel was instrumental in anchoring the new Czech Republic in western Europe, through its membership of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU). He both recognised and emphasised the importance of closer European cooperation based on shared values, which for Havel constituted the core of relations among European countries. A firm advocate of the Euro-Atlantic alliance, he supported the United States of America, even on occasions when some other western European countries were reluctant to do so. With his political writings reaching far beyond the circumstances in which they were written, Havel is considered one of the most important intellectuals of the 20th century. He has received numerous honours and awards. One of the European Parliament's buildings in Strasbourg has borne Václav Havel's name since 2017.

Politische Maßnahmen der EU im Interesse der Bürger: Verkehrspolitik

14-02-2020

Verkehr ist ein strategischer Bereich der EU-Wirtschaft. Er ermöglicht die Beförderung von Personen und Gütern über Entfernungen, Grenzen und natürliche Hindernisse hinweg: somit ist er für die Freizügigkeit unerlässlich und wirkt sich unmittelbar auf das tägliche Leben aller EU-Bürger aus. Effiziente Verkehrs- und Transportsysteme sorgen für die Aufrechterhaltung des Warenflusses von den Produzenten und Herstellern zu den Verbrauchern und sind daher ein Grundpfeiler der europäischen Integration. ...

Verkehr ist ein strategischer Bereich der EU-Wirtschaft. Er ermöglicht die Beförderung von Personen und Gütern über Entfernungen, Grenzen und natürliche Hindernisse hinweg: somit ist er für die Freizügigkeit unerlässlich und wirkt sich unmittelbar auf das tägliche Leben aller EU-Bürger aus. Effiziente Verkehrs- und Transportsysteme sorgen für die Aufrechterhaltung des Warenflusses von den Produzenten und Herstellern zu den Verbrauchern und sind daher ein Grundpfeiler der europäischen Integration. Damit der Binnenmarkt in allen Regionen gut funktionieren kann, braucht die EU nachhaltige, effiziente und vollständig miteinander verbundene Verkehrsnetze. Mit der steigenden Nachfrage nach Transportdienstleistungen ist die Verringerung der verkehrsbedingten Emissionen und der schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die menschliche Gesundheit und die Umwelt zu einer der größten Herausforderungen geworden. Neue Technologien, wie die Digitalisierung und die vernetzte und automatisierte Mobilität, eröffnen neue Möglichkeiten dahingehend, die Sicherheit, Gefahrenabwehr und Effizienz im Verkehr zu verbessern und die Emissionen zu senken, aber auch die Beschäftigung in dieser Branche im Hinblick auf die Arbeitsbedingungen und die erforderlichen Kompetenzen umzugestalten. Entwicklungen im Bereich der kollaborativen Wirtschaft wie Car-Sharing- und Bike-Sharing-Dienste verändern das Nutzerverhalten und die Mobilitätsmuster. Die Verkehrspolitik der EU muss den Wirtschaftsbereich dabei unterstützen, die Emissionen drastisch zu senken, indem weniger und sauberere Energiequellen eingesetzt, moderne Infrastruktur genutzt und die Umweltauswirkungen verringert werden. Die neue Präsidentin der Europäischen Kommission, Ursula von der Leyen, hat den Verkehrssektor in Sachen CO2-Reduzierung und Digitalisierung auf die Überholspur gebracht. Im Rahmen der beiden Prioritäten, soll dieser Wandel ein wesentlicher Teil ihres europäischen Grünen Deals sein und einen der Schwerpunkte darstellen, mit denen Europa für das digitale Zeitalter fit gemacht werden soll. Im Jahr 2020 wird die Kommission ein „Klimagesetz“ vorschlagen, mit dem die EU dazu verpflichtet wird, bis 2050 klimaneutral zu werden. Der Europäische Rat hat diesem Ziel zugestimmt und das Parlament hat bereits ehrgeizige Zielvorgaben und einen entsprechenden langfristigen EU-Haushalt gefordert. Wenngleich die konkreten Schritte zur Erreichung dieses ehrgeizigen Ziels noch festgelegt werden müssen, wird in jedem Fall ein deutlicher Umschwung erforderlich sein, um ein modernes, nachhaltiges und kohlenstoffarmes Verkehrs- und Transportwesen zu erreichen.

Die blaue Wirtschaft: Überblick und politischer Rahmen der EU

30-01-2020

Die blaue Wirtschaft umfasst alle mit den Ozeanen und Meeren verbundenen wirtschaftlichen Tätigkeiten. Die blaue Wirtschaft der EU hat mehr als 4 Millionen Beschäftigte und entwickelt sich rapide. Einige traditio¬nelle Sektoren sind im Niedergang begriffen, während andere – sowohl etablierte als auch aufstrebende – Branchen großes Wachstums- und Innovationspoten¬zial bieten. Im Mittelpunkt dieser Studie stehen der politische Rahmen sowie die verschiedenen Initiativen und Maßnahmen der EU im Bereich ...

Die blaue Wirtschaft umfasst alle mit den Ozeanen und Meeren verbundenen wirtschaftlichen Tätigkeiten. Die blaue Wirtschaft der EU hat mehr als 4 Millionen Beschäftigte und entwickelt sich rapide. Einige traditio¬nelle Sektoren sind im Niedergang begriffen, während andere – sowohl etablierte als auch aufstrebende – Branchen großes Wachstums- und Innovationspoten¬zial bieten. Im Mittelpunkt dieser Studie stehen der politische Rahmen sowie die verschiedenen Initiativen und Maßnahmen der EU im Bereich der blauen Wirt¬schaft. Die Studie bietet einen Überblick über die bereichs¬übergreifenden „Schlüsselelemente“ der blau¬en Wirtschaft sowie eine Analyse ihrer einzelnen Sek¬toren. Dabei werden auch die internationale Dimension sowie der Standpunkt des Europäischen Parlaments aufgezeigt, sofern dies von Interesse ist.

Hearings of the Commissioners-designate: Adina-Ioana Vălean - Transport

11-11-2019

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication ...

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication skills'. At the end of the hearings process, Parliament votes on the proposed Commission as a bloc, and under the Treaties may only reject the entire College of Commissioners, rather than individual candidates. The Briefing provides an overview of key issues in the portfolio areas, as well as Parliament's activity in the last term in that field. It also includes a brief introduction to the candidate.

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

25-01-2021
Public Hearing on "Gender aspects of precarious work"
Anhörung -
FEMM
26-01-2021
Public hearing on Co-management of EU fisheries at local level
Anhörung -
PECH
26-01-2021
The impact of Brexit on the level playing field in the area of taxation
Anhörung -
FISC

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