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EU agricultural policy and health: Some historical and contemporary issues

23-10-2020

This paper examines the links between agriculture and health in the EU. Following an explanation of the links between agriculture, nutrition and diet, a chronology of some of the key studies and developments in this field is provided. This begins with an examination of efforts in the early 1970s to address high rates of cardiovascular disease before moving onto more recent assessments of the role of the EU's common agricultural policy in relation to nutrition-related public health matters, and the ...

This paper examines the links between agriculture and health in the EU. Following an explanation of the links between agriculture, nutrition and diet, a chronology of some of the key studies and developments in this field is provided. This begins with an examination of efforts in the early 1970s to address high rates of cardiovascular disease before moving onto more recent assessments of the role of the EU's common agricultural policy in relation to nutrition-related public health matters, and the extent to which the policy has influenced current dietary patterns. A brief overview is provided of the health status of EU citizens, including some key features and trends in EU health, diets and nutrition. The paper also takes account of the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, including its implications for health considerations across all policies. Drawing on the range of studies and commentaries consulted, the paper concludes with a number of ways in which agriculture and agricultural policies can address or have an impact on the EU's public health challenges.

CAP strategic plans

14-10-2020

The European Commission adopted three legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. One of the three proposals includes a regulation on CAP strategic plans. While the CAP retains its two-pillar structure, (Pillar I, agricultural income and market support, Pillar II rural development), interventions under both will be combined in one strategic plan for all CAP expenditure. Each Member State will be required to develop a strategic plan, setting out their ...

The European Commission adopted three legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. One of the three proposals includes a regulation on CAP strategic plans. While the CAP retains its two-pillar structure, (Pillar I, agricultural income and market support, Pillar II rural development), interventions under both will be combined in one strategic plan for all CAP expenditure. Each Member State will be required to develop a strategic plan, setting out their proposed interventions. The CAP proposals package is scheduled for debate and vote during the October II plenary session.

EU agricultural policy and climate change

19-05-2020

In December 2019, the European Parliament declared a climate and environmental emergency in Europe and across the globe – a recognition of the challenges that the EU faces in this area. The agricultural sector is not only affected by climate change but also contributes significantly to it, according to some assessments. Evidence from a range of reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre points to the impacts that climate change ...

In December 2019, the European Parliament declared a climate and environmental emergency in Europe and across the globe – a recognition of the challenges that the EU faces in this area. The agricultural sector is not only affected by climate change but also contributes significantly to it, according to some assessments. Evidence from a range of reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre points to the impacts that climate change will have on yields, length of growing season, water availability, biodiversity, and habitats. The pattern of climate change will have a differential impact in terms of the regions affected. A clear north–south divide emerges, with countries of southern Europe likely to face declining yields due to increased temperatures and reduced precipitation. In the legislative proposals for the common agricultural policy (CAP) for the post-2020 period, the European Commission has set a high level of ambition in both environmental and climate change objectives, taking into account the fact that agriculture is responsible for around 10 % of the EU's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The European Green Deal outlined in the Commission's political guidelines aims to make Europe the world's first climate-neutral continent by 2050. A range of mitigation and adaptation responses are available, designed to curb GHG emissions and reduce vulnerability to climate change. The EU can use the CAP as a tool to influence policy-making in the area of climate change. In fact, data on the operation and impact of the CAP on climate change and GHG emissions have been examined using a range of sources, including a study undertaken for the Commission. One of its conclusions is that there are a range of CAP measures that are only partially relevant to climate needs, as the CAP is constrained by the lack of compulsory implementation. Additionally, a series of inconsistencies and 'missed opportunities' were identified in the study. It remains to be seen how such findings will influence the content and design of the new CAP strategic plans, given that the Commission's future proposals for them include giving greater discretion to Member States.

Hearings of the Commissioners-designate: Janusz Wojciechowski - Agriculture

26-09-2019

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication ...

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication skills'. At the end of the hearings process, Parliament votes on the proposed Commission as a bloc, and under the Treaties may only reject the entire College of Commissioners, rather than individual candidates. The Briefing provides an overview of key issues in the portfolio areas, as well as Parliament's activity in the last term in that field. It also includes a brief introduction to the candidate.

GAP-Strategieplanung: Operative Perspektiven

04-09-2019

Erstmals in der Geschichte der Gemeinsamen Agrar-politik (GAP) wird vorgeschlagen, dass Interventionen, die gemäß der Säule I (namentlich Markt- und Einkommens¬stützung) und gemäß der Säule II (ländliche Entwicklung) der GAP zur Verfügung stehen, in einem strategischen Plan für alle GAP-Ausgaben kombiniert werden. Mit diesem Dokument soll ein besseres Verständnis ermög¬licht und Einblicke in den Vorschlag der Europä¬ischen Kommission für dieses neue Umsetzungsmodell für die GAP nach 2020 gewährt ...

Erstmals in der Geschichte der Gemeinsamen Agrar-politik (GAP) wird vorgeschlagen, dass Interventionen, die gemäß der Säule I (namentlich Markt- und Einkommens¬stützung) und gemäß der Säule II (ländliche Entwicklung) der GAP zur Verfügung stehen, in einem strategischen Plan für alle GAP-Ausgaben kombiniert werden. Mit diesem Dokument soll ein besseres Verständnis ermög¬licht und Einblicke in den Vorschlag der Europä¬ischen Kommission für dieses neue Umsetzungsmodell für die GAP nach 2020 gewährt werden. Im Rahmen des Vorschlags der Kommission würde den Mitgliedstaaten mehr Flexibilität bei der Entscheidung darüber einge¬räumt, wie sie die allgemeinen und besonderen Ziele der GAP am besten erreichen können. Sie wären für die Erstellung eines GAP-Strategieplans zuständig, in dem sie Zielwerte festlegen, die im anschließenden Pro-gramm¬planungszeitraum zu erreichen sind. Zwar würde das neue Umsetzungsmodell den Mitglied¬staaten die Möglichkeit geben, die Instrumente und Maßnahmen der GAP auf ihre besonderen Bedürfnisse zuzuschneiden, die Kapazitäten für strategische Planung der Verwaltungen in den Mitgliedstaaten wür¬den mit diesem Ansatz jedoch erheblich strapaziert. In diesem Dokument wird eine Reihe von operativen Fragen untersucht, die als Anregungen für das laufende Gesetzgebungsverfahren dienen.

Politische Maßnahmen der EU im Interesse der Bürger: Landwirtschaft

28-06-2019

Die Gemeinsame Agrarpolitik (GAP) ist einer der ältesten gemeinsamen Politikbereiche der EU. Ihre Bedeutung zeigt sich an dem Anteil, den sie am EU-Haushalt hat, der sich auf insgesamt rund 40 % beläuft. Sie wurde zu einer Zeit entwickelt, in der Europa nicht in der Lage war, einen Großteil seines Bedarfs an Lebensmitteln zu decken, und in der es notwendig war, den Landwirten durch Preisgarantien Anreize zu bieten, Nahrungsmittel zu produzieren. Die Politik wurde regelmäßig Reformen unterzogen und ...

Die Gemeinsame Agrarpolitik (GAP) ist einer der ältesten gemeinsamen Politikbereiche der EU. Ihre Bedeutung zeigt sich an dem Anteil, den sie am EU-Haushalt hat, der sich auf insgesamt rund 40 % beläuft. Sie wurde zu einer Zeit entwickelt, in der Europa nicht in der Lage war, einen Großteil seines Bedarfs an Lebensmitteln zu decken, und in der es notwendig war, den Landwirten durch Preisgarantien Anreize zu bieten, Nahrungsmittel zu produzieren. Die Politik wurde regelmäßig Reformen unterzogen und hat sich im Lauf der Jahre weiterentwickelt. Diese Reformen zielten darauf ab, die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des Agrarsektors zu steigern, die ländliche Entwicklung zu fördern und neue Herausforderungen in bestimmten Bereichen, beispielsweise Umwelt und Klimawandel, bewältigen zu können. Die Ergebnisse einer Reihe von Eurobarometer-Umfragen legen den Schluss nahe, dass dieser Politikbereich einen hohen Bekanntheitswert bei den EU-Bürgern hat. Es ist allgemein anerkannt, dass die Politik den Erwartungen der Bürger im Hinblick auf die Erzeugung qualitativ hochwertiger Nahrungsmittel sowie auf ihren Beitrag zum Umweltschutz gerecht wird. Was die Landwirtschaft anbelangt, lag der Schwerpunkt der achten Legislaturperiode des Parlaments darauf, nicht nur die Umsetzung der jüngsten GAP-Reform aus dem Jahr 2013 voranzutreiben, sondern auch eine Reihe wesentlicher legislativer Fortschritte zu erzielen. Die berücksichtigten Bereiche umfassten zum Beispiel unlautere Handelspraktiken, die Tier- und Pflanzengesundheit und den ökologischen/biologischen Sektor sowie politikbezogene Vereinfachungsmaßnahmen. Im nichtlegislativen Bereich hat das Parlament seine Kontrollfunktion rigoros ausgeübt. Andere während der letzten Legislaturperiode vom Parlament behandelte Themen waren unter anderem die Festlegung der zukünftigen strategischen Ausrichtung der GAP für den Zeitraum nach 2020, die Festlegung seines Standpunkts zum nächsten mehrjährigen Finanzrahmen (MFR), einschließlich der Verteilung der Gesamthaushaltsmittel für die künftige GAP, und der damit zusammenhängende Rechtsrahmen. Der zuletzt genannte Punkt wurde dem Plenum noch nicht zur Abstimmung vorgelegt. Dies ist eine Aktualisierung eines früheren Briefings, das im Vorfeld der Wahlen zum Europäischen Parlament im Jahr 2019 herausgegeben wurde.

EU agricultural research and innovation

09-01-2019

The European Union's long-term strategy for agricultural research and innovation was published in January 2016 following a year-long process of development, which included targeted consultations. Based on five priority areas, the strategy guides the programming of its main research and innovation programme – Horizon 2020 – not only for 2018 to 2020 but also for the period beyond 2020, to be covered by Horizon Europe. In light of discussions on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP), the ...

The European Union's long-term strategy for agricultural research and innovation was published in January 2016 following a year-long process of development, which included targeted consultations. Based on five priority areas, the strategy guides the programming of its main research and innovation programme – Horizon 2020 – not only for 2018 to 2020 but also for the period beyond 2020, to be covered by Horizon Europe. In light of discussions on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP), the role of innovation in agriculture is examined, including the potential contribution that research and innovation can make to agriculture, the agri-food sector, rural areas and the challenges they face. These are set against changing global trends in public expenditure on agricultural research and development. These trends point to a relatively flat pattern of expenditure over the years 2012 to 2016 for the EU. In global terms, the structure of public agricultural expenditure is changing, with historically richer countries ceding ground to those with rapidly rising per capita incomes. In considering the EU's long-term strategy for agricultural research and innovation, the links between the CAP and the EU's research and innovation policies are identified. Evaluation evidence from a range of sources on the actual or potential impact of investment in agricultural research and innovation point to a link between such investment and productivity growth in agriculture, the potential for multi-dimensional impacts, and the potential offered by the Commission's current approach to agricultural research and innovation through the European innovation partnership operational groups for agriculture (EIP-AGRI).

CAP strategic plans

04-12-2018

The Commission's legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) were published on 1 June 2018. They comprise three proposals: a regulation setting out rules on support for CAP strategic plans; a regulation on the single common market organisation (CMO) and a horizontal regulation on financing, managing and monitoring the CAP. The proposal for a regulation on CAP strategic plans introduces a new delivery model, described by the Commission as a fundamental shift in the ...

The Commission's legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) were published on 1 June 2018. They comprise three proposals: a regulation setting out rules on support for CAP strategic plans; a regulation on the single common market organisation (CMO) and a horizontal regulation on financing, managing and monitoring the CAP. The proposal for a regulation on CAP strategic plans introduces a new delivery model, described by the Commission as a fundamental shift in the CAP, involving a shift from compliance towards results and performance. It includes a new distribution of responsibilities between the EU and Member States. A new planning process is proposed which will cover both Pillar I (direct payments) and Pillar II (rural development) of the CAP. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

CAP reform post-2020 - Setting the scene

30-05-2018

The Commission announced its proposals for the common agricultural policy post-2020 at the end of November 2017 in the form of a communication on the future of food and farming. They include proposals for: greater simplification to be achieved through increased subsidiarity involving a new delivery model, more effective targeting of direct payments, a shift towards a more results-based approach, and higher ambitions in respect of resource efficiency, environmental care and climate action. Other elements ...

The Commission announced its proposals for the common agricultural policy post-2020 at the end of November 2017 in the form of a communication on the future of food and farming. They include proposals for: greater simplification to be achieved through increased subsidiarity involving a new delivery model, more effective targeting of direct payments, a shift towards a more results-based approach, and higher ambitions in respect of resource efficiency, environmental care and climate action. Other elements will involve addressing issues such as generational renewal, the investment gap in agriculture, the role of research, innovation and training, risk management and a new green architecture. Under the new delivery model, Member States will have responsibility for establishing a common agricultural policy (CAP) strategic plan; this would be subject to approval by the Commission and would continue to set the basic policy parameters for the CAP. The proposals have generated a range of responses and have been the subject of discussion within the European Parliament's Committee for Agriculture and Rural Development. The Council has discussed the content of the communications and they have also been the subject of discussion by the Committee of the Regions (CoR) and the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC). Looking to the future, some reflections on the Commission's proposals are considered in light of the views expressed by a number of stakeholder groups. The Bulgarian Presidency has indicated that the future of the common agricultural policy will be discussed at the informal meeting of Ministers of Agriculture in Sofia in June 2018.

Ökologische/biologische Produktion und die Kennzeichnung von ökologischen/biologischen Erzeugnissen

11-04-2018

Im Jahr 2014 verabschiedete die Kommission einen Vorschlag für eine Verordnung über die ökologische/biologische Produktion und die Kennzeichnung von ökologischen/biologischen Erzeugnissen. Mit dem Vorschlag sollen die bestehenden Rechtsvorschriften über die ökologische/biologische Produktion überarbeitet werden, um Hindernisse, die der nachhaltigen Entwicklung dieser Branche im Weg stehen, zu beseitigen. Dabei sollen die Regeln für das Kontrollsystem, die Handelsregelung, verschiedene Verfahren im ...

Im Jahr 2014 verabschiedete die Kommission einen Vorschlag für eine Verordnung über die ökologische/biologische Produktion und die Kennzeichnung von ökologischen/biologischen Erzeugnissen. Mit dem Vorschlag sollen die bestehenden Rechtsvorschriften über die ökologische/biologische Produktion überarbeitet werden, um Hindernisse, die der nachhaltigen Entwicklung dieser Branche im Weg stehen, zu beseitigen. Dabei sollen die Regeln für das Kontrollsystem, die Handelsregelung, verschiedene Verfahren im Bereich des Tierschutzes und der Einsatz unzulässiger Stoffe verschärft werden. Durch die vorgeschlagene Verordnung wird ein einheitliches Paket EU-weit geltender Bestimmungen eingeführt, mit dem die gesamte Öko-/Biobranche erfasst wird. Das Parlament soll im Rahmen der Plenartagung im April über diesen Vorschlag abstimmen.

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