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Crisis and force majeure regulation

14-01-2021

In September 2020, the European Commission proposed a new pact on asylum and migration. The legislative package related to the pact includes a proposal for a regulation dealing with crisis and force majeure in the field of migration and asylum, aimed at establishing a mechanism for dealing with mass influxes and irregular arrivals of third-country nationals in a Member State. The regulation would set out the solidarity mechanism procedure in the event of returns of irregular migrants applying the ...

In September 2020, the European Commission proposed a new pact on asylum and migration. The legislative package related to the pact includes a proposal for a regulation dealing with crisis and force majeure in the field of migration and asylum, aimed at establishing a mechanism for dealing with mass influxes and irregular arrivals of third-country nationals in a Member State. The regulation would set out the solidarity mechanism procedure in the event of returns of irregular migrants applying the possibility for return sponsorship on behalf of another Member State, as established in the Asylum and Migration Management Regulation (AMR). It would also provide for shorter deadlines in comparison to usual procedures under the AMR, when applicable in a crisis situation and for some derogations in crisis situations concerning the asylum crisis management procedure, the return crisis management procedure, and the registration of international protection applications in crisis situations. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Reforming asylum and migration management

30-10-2020

In September 2020, the European Commission submitted a proposal on asylum and migration management, to replace the 2013 Dublin Regulation that determines the EU Member State responsible for examining asylum applications. While the proposal 'essentially preserves' the current criteria for determining this responsibility, it would also make changes and additions to the regulation, especially on solidarity and responsibility-sharing for asylum-seekers among Member States. The proposal comes after a ...

In September 2020, the European Commission submitted a proposal on asylum and migration management, to replace the 2013 Dublin Regulation that determines the EU Member State responsible for examining asylum applications. While the proposal 'essentially preserves' the current criteria for determining this responsibility, it would also make changes and additions to the regulation, especially on solidarity and responsibility-sharing for asylum-seekers among Member States. The proposal comes after a failed attempt to reform EU asylum policy following the 2015 migration crisis. While the migratory context has changed since, both in terms of arrivals and the composition of flows, the migration situation remains fragile, as evidenced by pressures on national asylum systems and continual disembarkations after search and rescue operations. According to the Commission, addressing this situation requires a relaunch of the reform of the common European asylum system to achieve a more efficient, fair and harmonised framework that is more resistant to future migratory pressures. The new system would ensure international protection to those who need it and be effective and humane towards those who have to be returned. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Externe Migrationspolitik der EU und Schutz der Menschenrechte

28-09-2020

Zentraler Gegenstand dieser eingehenden Analyse sind die Folgen für die Menschenrechte, die sich aus den Maßnahmen der externen Migrationspolitik der Europäischen Union ergeben: (1) Bestimmung der Menschenrechtsverpflichtungen gegenüber Drittstaatsangehörigen im Rahmen der Zusammenarbeit mit Drittländern und Akteuren von außerhalb der EU (2) Beurteilung der Einhaltung dieser Verpflichtungen bei der Erarbeitung und Umsetzung der wichtigsten Politikinstrumente und der dafür aufgewendeten Mittel und ...

Zentraler Gegenstand dieser eingehenden Analyse sind die Folgen für die Menschenrechte, die sich aus den Maßnahmen der externen Migrationspolitik der Europäischen Union ergeben: (1) Bestimmung der Menschenrechtsverpflichtungen gegenüber Drittstaatsangehörigen im Rahmen der Zusammenarbeit mit Drittländern und Akteuren von außerhalb der EU (2) Beurteilung der Einhaltung dieser Verpflichtungen bei der Erarbeitung und Umsetzung der wichtigsten Politikinstrumente und der dafür aufgewendeten Mittel und (3) Feststellung des Vorliegens und der Angemessenheit der jeweils verfügbaren Arbeits-, Berichts-, Kontroll- und Rechenschaftsmechanismen, die dazu dienen, mögliche Verletzungen zu verfolgen und darauf zu reagieren. Aufgrund des erhöhten Potenzials von Soft-Law-Instrumenten, die Durchsetzbarkeit von Verpflichtungen zu unterwandern, die demokratische Rechenschaftspflicht zu verschlechtern und ganz allgemein die Rechtstaatlichkeit zu schwächen, wird diesen besondere Aufmerksamkeit gewidmet. Besonderes Gewicht wird auf die Zusammenarbeit im Rahmen des Gesamtansatzes für Migration und Mobilität, der Europäischen Migrationsagenda und des Migrationspartnerschaftsrahmens, einschließlich informeller Übereinkommen, die von Frontex oder den Mitgliedstaaten selbst getroffen wurden, gelegt, um somit den Weg für den neuen Pakt zu Einwanderung und Asyl zu ebnen. Die Analyse beruht auf vier Fallstudien, die der Veranschaulichung der Erkenntnisse dienen: (1) die Erklärung EU-Türkei (2) die multimodale Zusammenarbeit mit Libyen (3) der Plan für ein gemeinsames Vorgehen mit Afghanistan und (4) die Zusammenarbeit mit Niger im Rahmen der Mission EUCAP Sahel. Die eingehende Analyse offenbart, dass der vollen Wirkung des Besitzstands der EU-Grundrechte auf extraterritoriale Gegebenheiten nicht angemessen Rechnung getragen wurde, und schlägt ein System vor, das die Einhaltung der einschlägigen Normen in den Phasen Vorabfeststellung, Gestaltung, Annahme, Umsetzung, Bewertung und Überprüfung gewährleistet, und beleuchtet dabei, welche Rolle das Europäische Parlament und Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft spielen.

Externe Autor

Dr Violeta MORENO-LAX,

Hotspots at EU external borders: State of play

25-09-2020

The 'hotspot approach' was presented by the European Commission as part of the European Agenda on Migration in April 2015, when record numbers of refugees, asylum-seekers and other migrants flocked to the EU. The 'hotspots' – first reception facilities – aim to improve coordination of the EU agencies' and national authorities' efforts at the external borders of the EU, in the initial reception, identification, registration and fingerprinting of asylum-seekers and migrants. Even though other Member ...

The 'hotspot approach' was presented by the European Commission as part of the European Agenda on Migration in April 2015, when record numbers of refugees, asylum-seekers and other migrants flocked to the EU. The 'hotspots' – first reception facilities – aim to improve coordination of the EU agencies' and national authorities' efforts at the external borders of the EU, in the initial reception, identification, registration and fingerprinting of asylum-seekers and migrants. Even though other Member States also have the possibility to benefit from the hotspot approach, only Greece and Italy host hotspots. In Greece, the hotspot approach remains the key strategy in addressing migratory pressures. The EU-Turkey Statement of March 2016, closely linked to the implementation of the hotspot approach in Greece, led to a considerable drop in irregular migration flows from Turkey to the EU. However, returns of irregular migrants to Turkey – a cornerstone of the agreement – are low. The deteriorating relationship between Turkey and the EU is putting the agreement under increasing pressure. The hotspot approach was also set up to contribute to the temporary emergency relocation mechanisms that – between September 2015 and September 2017 – helped to transfer asylum-seekers from Greece and Italy to other EU Member States. Even though 96 % of the people eligible had been relocated by the end of March 2018, relocation numbers were far from the targets originally set and the system led to tensions with Czechia, Hungary and Poland, which refused to comply with the mechanism. Since their inception, the majority of the hotspots have suffered from overcrowding, and concerns have been raised by stakeholders with regard to camp facilities and living conditions – in particular for vulnerable migrants and asylum-seekers – and to gaps in access to asylum procedures. These shortcomings cause tensions among the migrants and with local populations and have already led to violent protests. On 8 September 2020, a devastating fire in the Moria camp, on Lesvos, only aggravated the existing problems. The European Parliament has called repeatedly for action to ensure that the hotspot approach does not endanger the fundamental rights of asylum-seekers and migrants. This briefing updates two earlier ones published in March 2016 and in June 2018.

The need for solidarity in EU asylum policy

23-09-2020

In early September 2020, a fire in the over-crowded migrant camp of Moria in Greece pushed thousands of people onto the streets, exacerbating the already dire conditions faced by asylum-seekers and migrants. The incident also shows the need to find a solution to a crisis of solidarity in EU asylum policy that has remained unresolved since the unprecedented influx of migrants into the EU in 2015. The European Commission presented a new Pact on Asylum and Migration on 23 September 2020. In that, it ...

In early September 2020, a fire in the over-crowded migrant camp of Moria in Greece pushed thousands of people onto the streets, exacerbating the already dire conditions faced by asylum-seekers and migrants. The incident also shows the need to find a solution to a crisis of solidarity in EU asylum policy that has remained unresolved since the unprecedented influx of migrants into the EU in 2015. The European Commission presented a new Pact on Asylum and Migration on 23 September 2020. In that, it puts forward a compromise on solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility for asylum-seekers among EU Member States.

Mögliche Wege zur weiteren politischen Integration in Europa – Ein politischer Pakt für eine demokratischere und effektivere Union?

03-06-2020

Diese Studie wurde von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des AFCO-Ausschusses in Auftrag gegeben. Ziel ist es, mögliche Wege zur weiteren politischen Integration in der EU nach dem Brexit zu analysieren Es werden unterschiedliche Krisen, denen die EU im letzten Jahrzehnt ausgesetzt war, aufgeführt und es wird erläutert, wie diese Krisen, einschließlich der jüngsten COVID-19-Pandemie, verschiedene inhaltliche und institutionelle ...

Diese Studie wurde von der Fachabteilung Bürgerrechte und konstitutionelle Angelegenheiten des Europäischen Parlaments auf Ersuchen des AFCO-Ausschusses in Auftrag gegeben. Ziel ist es, mögliche Wege zur weiteren politischen Integration in der EU nach dem Brexit zu analysieren Es werden unterschiedliche Krisen, denen die EU im letzten Jahrzehnt ausgesetzt war, aufgeführt und es wird erläutert, wie diese Krisen, einschließlich der jüngsten COVID-19-Pandemie, verschiedene inhaltliche und institutionelle Schwächen im aktuellen Governance-System der EU aufgedeckt haben. In der Studie wird das Potenzial der geplanten Konferenz zur Zukunft Europas im Hinblick auf die Erneuerung der EU beleuchtet und die Hindernisse und Chancen für Reformen der EU-Verträge untersucht, auch unter Einbeziehung der Möglichkeit, die Ergebnisse der Konferenz in einen neuen politischen Pakt mit neuen und nicht unbedingt einstimmigen Ratifizierungsregeln einfließen zu lassen.

Externe Autor

FABBRINI Federico

Plenary round-up – Brussels, April 2020

20-04-2020

For the second time since the introduction of strict coronavirus containment measures, the European Parliament conducted its April plenary session with the majority of Members participating remotely, and used the alternative voting procedure put in place by Parliament's Bureau for the March II session. This temporary voting procedure is available for use until 31 July 2020, unless extended by Bureau decision. As in March, the session focused on a number of urgent legislative proposals as well as ...

For the second time since the introduction of strict coronavirus containment measures, the European Parliament conducted its April plenary session with the majority of Members participating remotely, and used the alternative voting procedure put in place by Parliament's Bureau for the March II session. This temporary voting procedure is available for use until 31 July 2020, unless extended by Bureau decision. As in March, the session focused on a number of urgent legislative proposals as well as amendments to the EU's 2020 budget to respond to the coronavirus pandemic. Members also heard from the Presidents of the European Council and Commission on the coordination of the European response to the Covid-19 outbreak. Parliament then adopted a resolution setting out its position on the response to the pandemic and its consequences, ahead of the next video-conference meeting of EU Heads of State or Government, on 23 April. In this resolution, Members called for a massive economic recovery package, greater coordination on cross-border health threats, and condemned national emergency measures that restrict civil liberties.

Amending Budget No 1/2020: Support to Greece to face migration pressure, measures to fight coronavirus and reconstruction assistance to Albania

15-04-2020

Draft Amending Budget No 1/2020 (DAB 1/2020) would provide additional funds to help address the needs arising from the increased migration pressures in Greece, assist Member States to limit the impact of the coronavirus outbreak through meeting needs for equipment and medical products, and contribute to Albania's post-earthquake reconstruction. The European Parliament is expected to vote, under the urgent procedure, on the Council position on DAB 1/2020 during the 16-17 April plenary session.

Draft Amending Budget No 1/2020 (DAB 1/2020) would provide additional funds to help address the needs arising from the increased migration pressures in Greece, assist Member States to limit the impact of the coronavirus outbreak through meeting needs for equipment and medical products, and contribute to Albania's post-earthquake reconstruction. The European Parliament is expected to vote, under the urgent procedure, on the Council position on DAB 1/2020 during the 16-17 April plenary session.