63

Ergebnis(se)

Wort/Wörter
Art der Veröffentlichung
Politikbereich
Verfasser
Datum

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - November 2018

12-11-2018

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Eine neue Ära in den Beziehungen zwischen der EU und China: umfassendere strategische Zusammenarbeit?

19-07-2018

Trotz grundlegender Divergenzen, die vor allem mit staatlichen Eingriffen und den Grundrechten zusammenhängen, ist China für die EU ein wichtiger strategischer Partner. Die Partnerschaft erlaubt eine Zusammenarbeit zum beiderseitigen Vorteil und Dialog in vielfältigen Bereichen: von Investitionen über Verkehrswesen und Menschenrechte bis zur Cybersicherheit. Auf der Grundlage von Xi Jinpings „Gedankengut für das neue Zeitalter des Sozialismus chinesischer Prägung“ beschreitet China derzeit neue Wege ...

Trotz grundlegender Divergenzen, die vor allem mit staatlichen Eingriffen und den Grundrechten zusammenhängen, ist China für die EU ein wichtiger strategischer Partner. Die Partnerschaft erlaubt eine Zusammenarbeit zum beiderseitigen Vorteil und Dialog in vielfältigen Bereichen: von Investitionen über Verkehrswesen und Menschenrechte bis zur Cybersicherheit. Auf der Grundlage von Xi Jinpings „Gedankengut für das neue Zeitalter des Sozialismus chinesischer Prägung“ beschreitet China derzeit neue Wege. Obwohl Präsident Xi wiederholt bekundet hat, dass dem Markt eine entscheidende Rolle zukommen werde, ist Staatseigentum weiterhin der Eckpfeiler der chinesischen Wirtschaft, obwohl tiefgreifende Reformen erforderlich wären, um das Problem der Überkapazitäten in diversen Industriezweigen an der Wurzel anzugehen. Xis „Belt and Road Initiative“, die inzwischen auch in die Verfassung aufgenommen wurde, ist ein Leuchtturmprojekt zu internationaler Vernetzung und Infrastruktur, in dem chinesische Staatsunternehmen eine bestimmende Rolle spielen. Insgesamt soll der wichtige, aber komplexe Wandel Chinas hin zu einem nachhaltigeren Wachstum schließlich sowohl China als auch der ganzen Welt zugutekommen. Aufgrund der Interdependenz der Weltwirtschaft bleiben Folgewirkungen der Neuausrichtung Chinas auf die globale Wirtschaftsordnung nicht aus. China nimmt in der Weltordnungspolitik und der internationalen Rechtsordnung eine Schlüsselrolle ein, die auch mit entsprechender Verantwortung einhergeht. Peking hat damit begonnen, nicht mehr nur nationale Ziele zu verfolgen, sondern vielmehr eine selbstbewusste Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik und vermehrte finanzielle, wirtschaftliche und sicherheitspolitische Zusammenarbeit mit globaler Reichweite. China steht auch vor innenpolitischen Herausforderungen: Es gilt, Millionen Menschen aus der Armut zu befreien und stetig wachsenden Einkommensunterschieden sowie der Verschlechterung der Lage der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten und der vorherrschenden Korruption entgegenzuwirken.

The United States' role in Central Asia

22-11-2017

Geographically distant and without historical ties to the region, the USA has never been a major player in Central Asia. However, both sides stand to gain from closer ties: for the USA, Central Asian countries are key partners in meeting security challenges; for Central Asia, benefits could include increased investment and reduced dependence on Russia and China, the two main regional powers.

Geographically distant and without historical ties to the region, the USA has never been a major player in Central Asia. However, both sides stand to gain from closer ties: for the USA, Central Asian countries are key partners in meeting security challenges; for Central Asia, benefits could include increased investment and reduced dependence on Russia and China, the two main regional powers.

UK Withdrawal (‘Brexit’) and the Good Friday Agreement

22-11-2017

Upon request by the AFCO Committee, the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs commissioned this study on UK withdrawal and the Good Friday Agreement (the ‘Agreement’). It provides an overview of the Agreement and an assessment of the potential challenges posed to its implementation by ‘Brexit’. In particular, it examines ways in which – through differentiation and ‘flexible and imaginative solutions’ – the Agreement can be upheld and the context for its effective implementation ...

Upon request by the AFCO Committee, the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs commissioned this study on UK withdrawal and the Good Friday Agreement (the ‘Agreement’). It provides an overview of the Agreement and an assessment of the potential challenges posed to its implementation by ‘Brexit’. In particular, it examines ways in which – through differentiation and ‘flexible and imaginative solutions’ – the Agreement can be upheld and the context for its effective implementation maintained.

Externe Autor

Dr. David PHINNEMORE Dr. Katy HAYWARD

Harnessing globalisation for local and regional authorities: Challenges and possible solutions

29-09-2017

Globalisation has various positive and negative aspects. On the positive side, economic opportunities can emerge. Exports may flourish, companies may find new global customers, knowledge may be easily circulated, and trade may pick up, thus stimulating economic growth. Interaction through new technological instruments helps to interconnect people in different parts of the world. However, globalisation may also have disadvantages. For instance, various EU industries (e.g. coal, steel, iron, shipbuilding ...

Globalisation has various positive and negative aspects. On the positive side, economic opportunities can emerge. Exports may flourish, companies may find new global customers, knowledge may be easily circulated, and trade may pick up, thus stimulating economic growth. Interaction through new technological instruments helps to interconnect people in different parts of the world. However, globalisation may also have disadvantages. For instance, various EU industries (e.g. coal, steel, iron, shipbuilding, automotive and textiles) have been affected by global competition, and have had to downsize their activities. Cheap imports of non-EU manufacturing goods have led to the decline of various EU industrial sectors, but also to relocations, closures and redundancies. In addition, globalisation has an environmental, demographic, technological and cultural dimension. The impact of globalisation therefore affects the activities and development of regional and local entities within the EU. In order to address all these issues, the European Commission has presented a reflection paper on harnessing globalisation. This briefing addresses some of the most important challenges that globalisation brings to EU regions, and sets out ideas that may be useful in tackling these challenges. Harnessing globalisation requires a holistic approach. European, national and local synergies will have to be established to address the multi-layered challenges stemming from globalisation. Serious thinking will have to be done on how to empower local and regional authorities in order to address these challenges successfully.

International Agreements in Progress: Economic Partnership Agreement with the Southern African Development Community (SADC)

13-09-2017

In line with the objective of the Cotonou Agreement to establish a World Trade Organization-compatible trade regime with ACP countries, in 2002 the EU started negotiations on free trade agreements with different ACP regional configurations. One of these is the SADC EPA Group – of southern African countries, including South Africa. The negotiations were long but the final outcome is a compromise that has been accepted by all parties, with the exception of Angola which did not endorse the Economic ...

In line with the objective of the Cotonou Agreement to establish a World Trade Organization-compatible trade regime with ACP countries, in 2002 the EU started negotiations on free trade agreements with different ACP regional configurations. One of these is the SADC EPA Group – of southern African countries, including South Africa. The negotiations were long but the final outcome is a compromise that has been accepted by all parties, with the exception of Angola which did not endorse the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), but has an option to join in the future. The Agreement establishes an asymmetric free trade area, taking into account the disparities in the level of development between the EU and its African partners, which can shield sensitive products from EU competition. It emphasises sustainable development as an overarching objective, includes important safeguards in order to protect sensitive sectors from sudden surges in trade, and gives African countries the possibility to preserve their policy space in order to industrialise. The Agreement was signed in June 2016 and entered into provisional application on 10 October 2016, after being ratified by five of the six African countries and the European Parliament. It is now in the process of ratification by EU national parliaments. Second edition. The ‘International Agreements in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the process, from initial discussions through to ratification. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 586.661, 7 September 2016.

China's role in Central Asia

07-06-2017

Since 2013, China's growing trade and investment in Central Asia have been boosted by its ambitious 'One Belt, One Road' project. However, China only has limited security involvement and soft power in the region, and it is not challenging Russian supremacy there for the time being.

Since 2013, China's growing trade and investment in Central Asia have been boosted by its ambitious 'One Belt, One Road' project. However, China only has limited security involvement and soft power in the region, and it is not challenging Russian supremacy there for the time being.

The role of macro-prudential policies in prevention and correction of asset imbalances in the Euro Area

19-05-2017

In the aftermath of the financial crisis, there is consensus among academics and policy makers on the need for the so-called macroprudential policies. Additionally, the current low interest-rate environment creates further risks to financial stability. However, the implementation of such policies in a monetary union is a rather complex issue. Housing and credit markets heterogeneity across countries calls for action at national level. The role of the ECB in macroprudential policy is a matter of debate ...

In the aftermath of the financial crisis, there is consensus among academics and policy makers on the need for the so-called macroprudential policies. Additionally, the current low interest-rate environment creates further risks to financial stability. However, the implementation of such policies in a monetary union is a rather complex issue. Housing and credit markets heterogeneity across countries calls for action at national level. The role of the ECB in macroprudential policy is a matter of debate because monetary policy can conflict with the ultimate goal of macroprudential policy. This document reviews the key issues that are relevant for the implementation of macroprudential policies in the euro area and questions the current institutional framework. Finally, it gives some policy recommendations on how to improve the current situation.

Externe Autor

Margarita Rubio

The role of macro-prudential policy in the prevention and correction of imbalances in the euro area

19-05-2017

The euro area suffers from economic and financial imbalances between its members. Macro-prudential policy can help remedy this in as much as it can be deployed both at euro area level and Member State level. A macro-prudential policy framework to regulate financial cycles at Member State level and improve the resilience of systemic groups at euro area level would improve the economic and financial stability of the euro area and each of its members. Drawing on an inventory of the current practices ...

The euro area suffers from economic and financial imbalances between its members. Macro-prudential policy can help remedy this in as much as it can be deployed both at euro area level and Member State level. A macro-prudential policy framework to regulate financial cycles at Member State level and improve the resilience of systemic groups at euro area level would improve the economic and financial stability of the euro area and each of its members. Drawing on an inventory of the current practices and the teachings of recent academic work, we have formulated 15 proposals which aim to identify effective macro-prudential instruments to achieve this stability and, in a context of institutional transformation (Banking Union, Brexit, etc.) likely to facilitate changes, to streamline the institutional framework.

Externe Autor

Jézabel Couppey-Soubeyran, Salim Dehmej

Workshop on EU-Turkmenistan Relations

27-03-2017

EU-Turkmenistan relations are in a position to be redefined by the proposed EU-Turkmenistan Partnership and Cooperation Agreement, which will require the consent of the European Parliament (and of the national parliaments of the EU member states). This workshop served as a debate platform with the intention of clarifying the understanding of the current political and societal dynamics in Turkmenistan. Such an agreement should represent a basis to enforce better standards of human rights, rule of ...

EU-Turkmenistan relations are in a position to be redefined by the proposed EU-Turkmenistan Partnership and Cooperation Agreement, which will require the consent of the European Parliament (and of the national parliaments of the EU member states). This workshop served as a debate platform with the intention of clarifying the understanding of the current political and societal dynamics in Turkmenistan. Such an agreement should represent a basis to enforce better standards of human rights, rule of law, and democracy in Turkmenistan, as well as for more intensive economic cooperation between the EU and Turkmenistan, which currently faces an economic crisis. The two concepts are apparently complementary but deciding which one constituted the more useful approach for engagement was the central point that structured the discussion. Regardless of the angle from which they approached the issue, however, a majority of participants in the workshop debate expressed support for adoption of the treaty, while some NGO representatives took a more cautious view.

Externe Autor

Sébastien Peyrouse and Luca Ancheschi

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

02-12-2020
Public Hearing on AI and Health
Anhörung -
AIDA
02-12-2020
Facilitating a healthy lifestyle: how to reduce cancer related lifestyle risk factors
Anhörung -
BECA
02-12-2020
Western Balkans and Belarus - Interparliamentary Committee Meeting
Andere Veranstaltung -
AFET

Partner