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What has the European Union done in the field of migration since 2014?

15-06-2017

In response to the migration challenge, on 13 May 2015 the European Commission presented the European Agenda on Migration, with the aim of setting out a comprehensive approach for improving the management of migration in all its aspects. Several implementation packages under the Agenda have already been adopted and the measures therein are starting to be deployed; legislative proposals have also been made and are currently being discussed in Parliament and Council.

In response to the migration challenge, on 13 May 2015 the European Commission presented the European Agenda on Migration, with the aim of setting out a comprehensive approach for improving the management of migration in all its aspects. Several implementation packages under the Agenda have already been adopted and the measures therein are starting to be deployed; legislative proposals have also been made and are currently being discussed in Parliament and Council.

European Parliament’s positions on key issues related to asylum and migration

15-06-2017

This briefing presents a short summary of the positions taken by the European Parliament on issues related to migration and asylum in its most recent relevant Resolutions. It has been prepared for the high-level conference on migration management which takes place on 21st June 2017.

This briefing presents a short summary of the positions taken by the European Parliament on issues related to migration and asylum in its most recent relevant Resolutions. It has been prepared for the high-level conference on migration management which takes place on 21st June 2017.

Potential and Challenges of Private International Law in the Current Migratory Context - Experiences from the Field

12-06-2017

•The rights of the child (Art. 3, Convention on the Rights of the Child, Art. 24, EU Charter of Fundamental Rights) are well ensured by the German approach to treat unaccompanied minors first and foremost as children in need of protection. •The responsibility of the youth authorities (Jugendamt) to give shelter has priority. •The immediate legal representation of an unaccompanied child is guaranteed by the right of the youth authorities to act as first representatives of the child. The family court ...

•The rights of the child (Art. 3, Convention on the Rights of the Child, Art. 24, EU Charter of Fundamental Rights) are well ensured by the German approach to treat unaccompanied minors first and foremost as children in need of protection. •The responsibility of the youth authorities (Jugendamt) to give shelter has priority. •The immediate legal representation of an unaccompanied child is guaranteed by the right of the youth authorities to act as first representatives of the child. The family court then appoints an appropriate guardian. •As it is not always advisable to apply for asylum, the representative of the child has to decide on the application in order to clarify the child's perspective. •Amendments and interdisciplinary practical action plans already improved the situation of unaccompanied minors. There is still a need for clarification and improvements.

Verschwinden von minderjährigen Migranten in Europa

24-02-2017

Europol zufolge sind mindestens 10 000 minderjährige Migranten und Flüchtlinge nach ihrer Ankunft in Europa verschwunden. Es ist zu befürchten, dass viele von ihnen Opfer von sexueller Ausbeutung und sexuellem Missbrauch sind oder als Arbeitskräfte ausgebeutet werden. Das Parlament hat die Kommission bereits mehrmals aufgefordert, gegen das Verschwinden von minderjährigen Migranten in der EU vorzugehen. Es ist zu erwarten, dass die Kommission in der Plenartagung im März eine Stellungnahme abgeben ...

Europol zufolge sind mindestens 10 000 minderjährige Migranten und Flüchtlinge nach ihrer Ankunft in Europa verschwunden. Es ist zu befürchten, dass viele von ihnen Opfer von sexueller Ausbeutung und sexuellem Missbrauch sind oder als Arbeitskräfte ausgebeutet werden. Das Parlament hat die Kommission bereits mehrmals aufgefordert, gegen das Verschwinden von minderjährigen Migranten in der EU vorzugehen. Es ist zu erwarten, dass die Kommission in der Plenartagung im März eine Stellungnahme abgeben wird.

Research for CULT Committee - Migrant Education: Monitoring and Assessment

15-02-2017

This is a first attempt to explore the monitoring and assessment of migrant education (MAME) in EU countries. A review of literature indicated the main dimensions of MAME, and these have shaped a questionnaire completed by national experts of 27 EU countries. The country reports reveal that little has been done to monitor and assess migrant education, but that most countries already have an enabling infrastructure.

This is a first attempt to explore the monitoring and assessment of migrant education (MAME) in EU countries. A review of literature indicated the main dimensions of MAME, and these have shaped a questionnaire completed by national experts of 27 EU countries. The country reports reveal that little has been done to monitor and assess migrant education, but that most countries already have an enabling infrastructure.

Externe Autor

Miguel Àngel Essomba, Anna Tarrés and Núria Franco-Guillén

Integration of migrants: The education dimension

22-06-2016

Equipping immigrants with the necessary skills to achieve successful integration is a central preoccupation of policy-makers in the EU and beyond. The integration challenges of migrant students in formal educational systems tend to be essentially related to the three main components of education – access, participation and performance. While access to education is legally guaranteed, it remains difficult. Access to quality education is even more problematic. An additional concern for migrant students ...

Equipping immigrants with the necessary skills to achieve successful integration is a central preoccupation of policy-makers in the EU and beyond. The integration challenges of migrant students in formal educational systems tend to be essentially related to the three main components of education – access, participation and performance. While access to education is legally guaranteed, it remains difficult. Access to quality education is even more problematic. An additional concern for migrant students is staying at school. Indeed, young people with a migrant background are generally more at risk of dropping out without an upper secondary qualification. Results from the OECD-led Programme for International Student Assessment indicate that, in most countries, first-generation immigrant students perform worse than national students, and second-generation immigrant students score somewhere between the two. Yet, the variation in performance across countries suggests that policy has an important role to play in reducing, if not eliminating entirely, the disadvantage that accompanies displacement. Some education systems have demonstrated that it is possible to secure strong learning outcomes through special early learning policies and additional language support. To offer a long-term perspective for migrants through education, the EU follows a twofold approach, providing tools and schemes for their integration in EU countries, and offering support for refugees outside EU borders through specific funds. The former include various policy frameworks, such as increased access to early childhood education and care facilities, the validation of prior learning, and speeding up mechanisms for assessment of capacities and recognition of formal, non-formal and informal learning of arriving migrants. An example of the latter is the Regional Trust Fund in response to the Syrian crisis, aiming to help some 1.5 million refugees in neighbouring countries through the allocation of €140 million to education alone.

EYE 2016 – Integration of young migrants

28-04-2016

It is difficult to fit all young migrants into a single category and not all immigrants gain the same level of acceptance. Yet non-discrimination is a fundamental value in the European Union, and binding legislation is complemented by EU-level frameworks and funds to support action to promote integration in the Member States. Research reveals that young migrants face many obstacles in education, but policy changes and projects can help overcome them. This note has been prepared for the European Youth ...

It is difficult to fit all young migrants into a single category and not all immigrants gain the same level of acceptance. Yet non-discrimination is a fundamental value in the European Union, and binding legislation is complemented by EU-level frameworks and funds to support action to promote integration in the Member States. Research reveals that young migrants face many obstacles in education, but policy changes and projects can help overcome them. This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Integrating migrants and their children through education

15-03-2016

Migrants' life stories reveal different levels of difficulty or ease in the process of integration. The key importance of education as a means of integration is widely acknowledged. For a number of years, the European Parliament has called for tangible commitments and proposed practical measures to integrate migrants and their children through education, training and the recognition of skills.

Migrants' life stories reveal different levels of difficulty or ease in the process of integration. The key importance of education as a means of integration is widely acknowledged. For a number of years, the European Parliament has called for tangible commitments and proposed practical measures to integrate migrants and their children through education, training and the recognition of skills.

Current Challenges in the Implementation of the UN International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

25-07-2013

Analysis of the reasons submitted by EU Member States preventing them from ratifying the International Convention for the Rights of Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICRMW) demonstrates that there are no insurmountable barriers to ratification and that the decision on ratification is largely driven by political choice rather than by an objective legal scrutiny. This briefing paper clearly shows that most of the rights enshrined in the ICRMW are already recognised in EU legislation or ...

Analysis of the reasons submitted by EU Member States preventing them from ratifying the International Convention for the Rights of Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICRMW) demonstrates that there are no insurmountable barriers to ratification and that the decision on ratification is largely driven by political choice rather than by an objective legal scrutiny. This briefing paper clearly shows that most of the rights enshrined in the ICRMW are already recognised in EU legislation or in other international instruments ratified by EU Member States. The ICRMW clearly distinguishes between the rights of regular and irregular migrants in great detail and is the only Human Rights Convention that does so. The EU legislative approach to labour migration policies has tended to classify migrants into particular ‘categories’ resulting in diverse sets of rules and rights for different groups. The EU aims to adopt a balanced approach in its migration policy that is in line with the general objective of the Convention of favouring legal migration and reducing irregular movements. The briefing paper shows that the ratification of the Convention, which is primarily a human rights instrument aiming at protecting the fundamental rights of all migrants, could help the EU and its Member States to ensure holistic and long-term sustainable migration governance based on taking into consideration the needs of countries of origin, destination and transit as well as the rights of the individuals involved in the migration process.

Externe Autor

Kristina TOUZENIS and Alice SIRONI (International Migration Law Unit, International Organization for Migration, Switzerland)

Die Integration von Migranten und ihre Auswirkungen auf den Arbeitsmarkt

15-06-2011

Diese Studie vermittelt einen Überblick über die Situation der Einwanderer in der Europäischen Union und befasst sich dabei schwerpunktmäßig mit dem Prozess ihrer Integration und deren Auswirkungen auf den Arbeitsmarkt. In Abschnitt 1 wird über den Gesamtumfang der Migration informiert und speziell darauf eingegangen, woher und weshalb Einwanderer in die EU-27 kommen und aus welchen Gründen ein Bedarf an Arbeitsmigranten besteht. In Abschnitt 2 wird die Beschäftigungssituation von Einwanderern und ...

Diese Studie vermittelt einen Überblick über die Situation der Einwanderer in der Europäischen Union und befasst sich dabei schwerpunktmäßig mit dem Prozess ihrer Integration und deren Auswirkungen auf den Arbeitsmarkt. In Abschnitt 1 wird über den Gesamtumfang der Migration informiert und speziell darauf eingegangen, woher und weshalb Einwanderer in die EU-27 kommen und aus welchen Gründen ein Bedarf an Arbeitsmigranten besteht. In Abschnitt 2 wird die Beschäftigungssituation von Einwanderern und ihre Aufteilung auf die verschiedenen Wirtschaftssektoren näher beleuchtet und ein Vergleich zur einheimischen Bevölkerung angestellt. Der rechtliche Status von Saisonarbeitnehmern, entsandten Arbeitnehmern und konzernintern entsandten Arbeitnehmern aus Drittstaaten ist Gegenstand des Abschnitts 3, in dem die Bestimmungen des Einwanderungsrechts für diese Arbeitnehmerkategorien vorgestellt werden. In Kapitel 4 wird untersucht, welche Hindernisse der Integration von Migranten und ihren Kindern innerhalb des Bildungssystems im Weg stehen und eine Eingliederung in den Arbeitsmarkt erschweren. Welche Rolle spielen hierbei eine restriktive Einwanderungspolitik und praktische Integrationshemmnisse? Überlegungen zur Auswirkung der Zuwanderung auf die Löhne und auf den Sozialstaat finden sich in Abschnitt 5, wo die durch empirische Studien ermittelten Ergebnisse mit denen von Meinungsumfragen verglichen werden. Abschnitt 6 liefert zum Abschluss der Studie einen Überblick über die gegenwärtige Umsetzung der Antidiskriminierungsvorschriften in den EU-Mitgliedstaaten. Es werden bewährte Verfahren vorgestellt, mit denen es auf nationaler und Unternehmensebene gelungen ist, die Integration von Einwanderern zu fördern, Diskriminierung zu verhindern und die soziale Eingliederung zu verbessern. Im Abschnitt 7 schließlich werden einige politische Empfehlungen gegeben.

Externe Autor

Werner Eichhorst (IZA), Corrado Giulietti (IZA), Martin Guzi (IZA), Michael J. Kendzia (IZA), Paola Monti (fRDB), Tommaso Frattini (Università degli Studi di Milano), Klaus Nowotny (WIFO), Peter Huber (WIFO) and Barbara Vandeweghe (IDEA Consult)

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