62

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CO2 standards for new cars and vans

28-05-2019

In November 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on reducing CO2 emissions from new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (vans). The proposed measures and targets are aligned with the 2030 climate and energy framework and with the energy union strategy, which envisages a reduction in transport emissions and energy consumption. The Commission sets new targets for the EU fleetwide average CO2 emissions of new passenger cars and vans. Average CO2 emissions from new ...

In November 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on reducing CO2 emissions from new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (vans). The proposed measures and targets are aligned with the 2030 climate and energy framework and with the energy union strategy, which envisages a reduction in transport emissions and energy consumption. The Commission sets new targets for the EU fleetwide average CO2 emissions of new passenger cars and vans. Average CO2 emissions from new passenger cars and vans registered in the EU would have to be 15 % lower in 2025, and 30 % lower in 2030, compared to their respective limits in 2021. The proposal includes a dedicated incentive mechanism for zero- and low-emission vehicles, in order to accelerate their market uptake. Interinstitutional trilogue negotiations concluded in December with an agreement setting a 37.5 % CO2 reduction target for new cars by 2030, and a 31 % target for new vans. Parliament approved the agreed text on 27 March 2019. The regulation was published in the Official Journal on 25 April 2019. It entered into force on 15 May 2019 and will apply from 1 January 2020. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

EU anti-fraud programme 2021-2027

07-02-2019

On 30 May 2018, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation establishing an EU anti-fraud programme under the new 2021 to 2027 multiannual financial framework (MFF). The regulation would replace the Hercule III programme currently in force. The European Court of Auditors (ECA) published a special opinion concerning the proposal on 15 November 2018. The BUDG committee adopted its opinion for CONT on 23 November 2018 and the CONT committee issued its draft report on 26 November 2018 ...

On 30 May 2018, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation establishing an EU anti-fraud programme under the new 2021 to 2027 multiannual financial framework (MFF). The regulation would replace the Hercule III programme currently in force. The European Court of Auditors (ECA) published a special opinion concerning the proposal on 15 November 2018. The BUDG committee adopted its opinion for CONT on 23 November 2018 and the CONT committee issued its draft report on 26 November 2018. More than 30 amendments were tabled ahead of the vote on the report in the CONT committee on 29 January 2019. The vote in plenary is expected to take place in February 2019. The Commission is proposing to streamline budgetary management in the area of protection of the EU's financial interests by grouping the Hercule III programme together with Anti-Fraud Information System (AFIS) and Irregularity Management System (IMS) operational activities. However, the proposed EU anti-fraud programme does not specify possible maximum co-financing rates for eligible actions. The proposal has also been criticised for its lack of specific and measurable objectives and its vague performance indicators, as well as for not having indicated the frequency of performance reporting. The amendments proposed by the ECA, and also by the BUDG and CONT committees attempt to tackle these issues. Moreover, both Parliament committees are in favour of increasing the budget for this programme. First edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Jahresbericht 2017 über den Schutz der finanziellen Interessen der EU – Betrugsbekämpfung

28-01-2019

Im September 2018 veröffentlichte die Europäische Kommission ihren Jahresbericht über die Bekämpfung von Betrug, der die finanziellen Interessen der EU betrifft, im Jahr 2017. Das Gesamtschadensvolumen der 2017 gemeldeten 15 213 Unregelmäßigkeiten belief sich auf 2,58 Mrd. EUR, was einen Rückgang um 8,6 % gegenüber 2016 darstellt. Allerdings belief sich das Volumen der gemeldeten betrügerischen Unregelmäßigkeiten auf 467 Mio. EUR, was einen Anstieg um 19,4 % gegenüber 2016 darstellt.

Im September 2018 veröffentlichte die Europäische Kommission ihren Jahresbericht über die Bekämpfung von Betrug, der die finanziellen Interessen der EU betrifft, im Jahr 2017. Das Gesamtschadensvolumen der 2017 gemeldeten 15 213 Unregelmäßigkeiten belief sich auf 2,58 Mrd. EUR, was einen Rückgang um 8,6 % gegenüber 2016 darstellt. Allerdings belief sich das Volumen der gemeldeten betrügerischen Unregelmäßigkeiten auf 467 Mio. EUR, was einen Anstieg um 19,4 % gegenüber 2016 darstellt.

Stronger administrative cooperation in the VAT field

15-01-2019

Value added tax (VAT) is a very efficient consumption tax and an important source of revenue for both national and European budgets. However, the rules governing common EU VAT system are 25 years old. A substantial review was initiated from 2016 onwards in order to update it and make it less vulnerable to fraud. The reform of the VAT framework towards a definitive VAT system for intra-Community business-to-business (B2B) transactions was planned in several consecutive steps. The Commission proposal ...

Value added tax (VAT) is a very efficient consumption tax and an important source of revenue for both national and European budgets. However, the rules governing common EU VAT system are 25 years old. A substantial review was initiated from 2016 onwards in order to update it and make it less vulnerable to fraud. The reform of the VAT framework towards a definitive VAT system for intra-Community business-to-business (B2B) transactions was planned in several consecutive steps. The Commission proposal to amend Regulation 904/2010 (Regulation on VAT administrative cooperation) was initially put forward on October 2017, as part of the ‘definitive VAT system package' and was itself amended on 30 November 2017. The resulting Regulation 2018/1541 was adopted on 2 October 2018, and applies in full as of 1 January 2020. It introduces the concept of the 'certified taxable person' and measures aimed at enhancing cooperation between Member States, improving cooperation between tax authorities and law enforcement bodies and addressing cross-border refund issues. Second edition of a briefing originally drafted by Ana Claudia Alfieri. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Umsetzung des Assoziierungsabkommens EU-Moldau

07-11-2018

Vier Jahre nach der Unterzeichnung des Assoziierungsabkommens EU-Moldau und des vertieften und umfassenden Freihandelsabkommens (DCFTA) bewertet das Parlament nun die Umsetzung. In dem Bericht des Ausschusses für auswärtige Angelegenheiten werden verschiedene Bedenken aufgeworfen. Das Parlament wird dieses Thema in der November-I-Plenartagung erörtern.

Vier Jahre nach der Unterzeichnung des Assoziierungsabkommens EU-Moldau und des vertieften und umfassenden Freihandelsabkommens (DCFTA) bewertet das Parlament nun die Umsetzung. In dem Bericht des Ausschusses für auswärtige Angelegenheiten werden verschiedene Bedenken aufgeworfen. Das Parlament wird dieses Thema in der November-I-Plenartagung erörtern.

VAT Fraud: Economic Impact, Challenges and Policy Issues

15-10-2018

Each year, the EU Member States lose billions of euros in VAT revenues on account of fraud. As the EU VAT system is undergoing profound modernisation, this study seeks (i) to take stock of the current state of play, (ii) to assess the current regulatory framework and the proposals under discussion, and (iii) to offer a selection of recommendations. An initial conclusion is that, while the European Commission has put a considerable amount of work into the modernisation of the EU VAT system, remaining ...

Each year, the EU Member States lose billions of euros in VAT revenues on account of fraud. As the EU VAT system is undergoing profound modernisation, this study seeks (i) to take stock of the current state of play, (ii) to assess the current regulatory framework and the proposals under discussion, and (iii) to offer a selection of recommendations. An initial conclusion is that, while the European Commission has put a considerable amount of work into the modernisation of the EU VAT system, remaining risks of fraud cannot be ignored. A second substantial conclusion is that a different approach and the use of new technologies would allow the Member States to remove significant obstacles that currently impede an effective fight against VAT fraud. This study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the TAX3 Committee.

Externe Autor

Marie LAMENSCH, Emanuele CECI

Virtual currencies in the Eurosystem: challenges ahead

16-07-2018

Speculation on Bitcoin, the evolution of money in the digital age, and the underlying blockchain technology are attracting growing interest. In the context of the Eurosystem, this briefing paper analyses the legal nature of privately issued virtual currencies (VCs), the implications of VCs for central bank’s monetary policy and monopoly of note issue, and the risks for the financial system at large. The paper also considers some of the proposals concerning central bank issued virtual currencies. ...

Speculation on Bitcoin, the evolution of money in the digital age, and the underlying blockchain technology are attracting growing interest. In the context of the Eurosystem, this briefing paper analyses the legal nature of privately issued virtual currencies (VCs), the implications of VCs for central bank’s monetary policy and monopoly of note issue, and the risks for the financial system at large. The paper also considers some of the proposals concerning central bank issued virtual currencies. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Externe Autor

Rosa María LASTRA, Jason Grant ALLEN

Proceedings of the Workshop on How to better combat fraud? Follow up of the Commission’s anti-corruption sharing programme

10-07-2018

Since April 2015, the European Commission has organised 8 workshops on effective asset disclosure, whistle-blower protection, healthcare corruption, local public procurement, private sector corruption, political immunities, anti-corruption indicators and economic impact of corruption. Firstly, the workshop focused on the most important subjects and assessed the outcome of the Commission workshops. It also tried to know what impact they had on improving effectiveness of competent national authorities ...

Since April 2015, the European Commission has organised 8 workshops on effective asset disclosure, whistle-blower protection, healthcare corruption, local public procurement, private sector corruption, political immunities, anti-corruption indicators and economic impact of corruption. Firstly, the workshop focused on the most important subjects and assessed the outcome of the Commission workshops. It also tried to know what impact they had on improving effectiveness of competent national authorities in fighting corruption and how should the European Commission should encourage Member States to fight against corruption? The second part of the workshop was devoted to the question on what are the EU and Member States doing to tackle corruption and what are best practices to share at EU level.

Externe Autor

Mr Sebastian BLEY, Head of Anti-Corruption and Financial Crimes Unit (AFC), Interpol Ms Laura STEFAN, Director at the Expert Forum in Romania and expert consultant at GRECO, Group of States against Corruption Mr Olivier ONIDI, DG HOME, Deputy Director-General for Security, European Commission Mr Carl DOLAN, Director, Transparency International EU Mr Nicholas ILETT, acting Director General of the European Anti-Fraud Office Prof. Michael LEVI, Professor of Criminology School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University Mr Raffaele CANTONE, President of the Italian Anti-corruption National Authority

Tax transparency for intermediaries

03-07-2018

The situations highlighted by the ‘Panama papers’ and ‘Paradise papers’, among others leaks show how certain intermediaries and other providers of tax advice appear to have facilitated companies and individuals in avoiding taxation, often through complex cross-border schemes involving routing assets to, or through, offshore entities. Among the tools to fight tax avoidance and aggressive tax planning are established mechanisms for disclosure of tax information and publication of tax-relevant information ...

The situations highlighted by the ‘Panama papers’ and ‘Paradise papers’, among others leaks show how certain intermediaries and other providers of tax advice appear to have facilitated companies and individuals in avoiding taxation, often through complex cross-border schemes involving routing assets to, or through, offshore entities. Among the tools to fight tax avoidance and aggressive tax planning are established mechanisms for disclosure of tax information and publication of tax-relevant information by companies. In June 2017, the Commission adopted a proposal aimed at ensuring early information on such situations, by setting an obligation to report cross-border arrangements designed by tax intermediaries or taxpayers and by including the information collected in the automatic exchange of information between tax authorities within the European Union. The directive was adopted on 25 May 2018, and it is to be applied from 1 July 2020. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Die institutionelle Architektur der Betrugsbekämpfung der EU: Übersicht über ein Netz

18-06-2018

In der Europäischen Union sind verschiedene Institutionen, Agenturen und andere Einrichtungen (zusammen als „EU-Behörden“ bezeichnet) an der Vorbeugung und dem Kampf gegen Betrug zulasten des EU-Haushalts beteiligt. Diese EU-Behörden und die Maßnahmen, die sie durchführen – einschließlich Politikgestaltung, Überwachung sowie operativer Aufgaben – bilden ein mehrschichtiges Netz, an dem auch die Mitgliedstaaten und internationale Organisationen beteiligt sind. Auf nationaler Ebene tragen die dort ...

In der Europäischen Union sind verschiedene Institutionen, Agenturen und andere Einrichtungen (zusammen als „EU-Behörden“ bezeichnet) an der Vorbeugung und dem Kampf gegen Betrug zulasten des EU-Haushalts beteiligt. Diese EU-Behörden und die Maßnahmen, die sie durchführen – einschließlich Politikgestaltung, Überwachung sowie operativer Aufgaben – bilden ein mehrschichtiges Netz, an dem auch die Mitgliedstaaten und internationale Organisationen beteiligt sind. Auf nationaler Ebene tragen die dort zuständigen Behörden dazu bei, betrügerisches Verhalten im Umgang mit Geldern der Europäischen Union aufzudecken, zu verfolgen und an die Kommission zu berichten. Gleichzeitig koordiniert eine Reihe internationaler Organisationen über verschiedene Länder und Rechtssysteme hinweg Bemühungen im Rahmen der Betrugsbekämpfung. Die vorliegende Analyse bietet einen Überblick über dieses Netz, mit einem Schwerpunkt auf dem institutionellen Rahmen der Europäischen Union.

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