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Implementing the Aarhus Convention: Access to justice in environmental matters

11-10-2017

The Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters is an international agreement that gives the public a number of rights with regard to the environment. It consists of three pillars, one of them covering the right of access to justice in cases of non-compliance with environmental law. Implementation of the convention's provisions on access to justice have been the focus of two recent documents, one published by the ...

The Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters is an international agreement that gives the public a number of rights with regard to the environment. It consists of three pillars, one of them covering the right of access to justice in cases of non-compliance with environmental law. Implementation of the convention's provisions on access to justice have been the focus of two recent documents, one published by the European Commission and the other by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee. While the European Commission examines the implementation of the convention provisions in the Member States, the UNECE Committee takes a critical look at implementation at EU level. Both papers point to shortcomings, in particular with regard to the right of non-governmental organisations to be heard in court. Regarding implementation at Member State level, the Commission has launched a dialogue procedure with each Member State concerned. When it comes to implementation at EU level, the convention's Meeting of the Parties in September 2017 postponed its decision on the findings of the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee in respect of the EU to its next meeting in 2021.

The Implementation of the Environmental Liability Directive: A Survey of the Assessment Process Carried Out by the Commission

06-06-2016

By letter dated 26 January 2016 the Legal Affairs Committee requested the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs to commission a research project looking into the way Directive 2004/35/CE of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage (ELD) is applied in the Member States with a view to putting forward conclusions and recommendations for future policy steps.

By letter dated 26 January 2016 the Legal Affairs Committee requested the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs to commission a research project looking into the way Directive 2004/35/CE of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage (ELD) is applied in the Member States with a view to putting forward conclusions and recommendations for future policy steps.

Circular economy package: Four legislative proposals on waste

22-01-2016

Although waste management in the European Union (EU) has improved considerably in the past decades, almost a third of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift in EU policy towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management ...

Although waste management in the European Union (EU) has improved considerably in the past decades, almost a third of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste management could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift in EU policy towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling. The proposals also strengthen provisions on waste prevention and extended producer responsibility, and streamline definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. As the Parliament and Council begin their consideration of the proposals, stakeholders are divided. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

EU policy on railway noise reduction

20-01-2016

Rail development is an important element of the EU's transport strategy. A significant increase in rail's share of freight and passenger transport can contribute to achieving the EU objective of a 60% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from transport by 2050, in comparison with 1990. Considered a more energy-efficient and sustainable mode of transport, rail is nonetheless faced with a major environmental issue: noise pollution. Rail noise and its possible adverse effects on health are of concern ...

Rail development is an important element of the EU's transport strategy. A significant increase in rail's share of freight and passenger transport can contribute to achieving the EU objective of a 60% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from transport by 2050, in comparison with 1990. Considered a more energy-efficient and sustainable mode of transport, rail is nonetheless faced with a major environmental issue: noise pollution. Rail noise and its possible adverse effects on health are of concern to stakeholders and local communities in several European countries.

Environmental taxation in the EU

02-02-2011

Environmental taxes are seen as necessary to achieve the EU's goals of emission reduction. One day they may become a resource for the EU budget.

Environmental taxes are seen as necessary to achieve the EU's goals of emission reduction. One day they may become a resource for the EU budget.

Externe Kosten des Seeverkehrs

15-06-2007

Gegenstand dieses Themenpapiers sind die gesamten und die spezifischen externen Kosten des Seeverkehrs. Es werden drei externe Hauptfaktoren analysiert: a) die Meeresverschmutzung (Einleitungen ins Meer); b) die Luftqualität (atmosphärische Emissionen); und c) der Klimawandel (Treibhausgase). Hinzu kommt die Quantifizierung der physikalischen Auswirkungen einer zweiten Gruppe von Faktoren, zu denen keine monetären Größen verfügbar sind: d) des Betriebsmittelverbrauchs und e) der festen Abfälle (Müll ...

Gegenstand dieses Themenpapiers sind die gesamten und die spezifischen externen Kosten des Seeverkehrs. Es werden drei externe Hauptfaktoren analysiert: a) die Meeresverschmutzung (Einleitungen ins Meer); b) die Luftqualität (atmosphärische Emissionen); und c) der Klimawandel (Treibhausgase). Hinzu kommt die Quantifizierung der physikalischen Auswirkungen einer zweiten Gruppe von Faktoren, zu denen keine monetären Größen verfügbar sind: d) des Betriebsmittelverbrauchs und e) der festen Abfälle (Müll) sowie der flüssigen Abfälle (Schlamm). Auch die illegale Verklappung kommt im Themenpapier zur Sprache. Das letzte Kapitel enthält Empfehlungen zu kostengünstigen und aussichtsreichen Maßnahmen, mit denen sich die externen Kosten des Seeverkehrs reduzieren/internalisieren lassen.

Externe Autor

Silvia Maffii (project leader), Andrea Molocchi and Cosimo Chiffi (TRT Trasporti e Territorio Srl)

Steuermassnahmen im Verkehrssektor

01-01-1998

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