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Transitional provisions for the CAP post 2020

28-01-2021

On 31 October 2019, the European Commission adopted a legislative package aimed at ensuring the continuation of the current common agricultural policy (CAP) until the legislation on the post 2020 CAP is in force. The package includes a proposal for a CAP transitional regulation setting out a number of adjustments to current CAP regulations, concerning their applicability beyond 2020 with new financial allocations. This proposal introduces transitional provisions and amendments that are necessary ...

On 31 October 2019, the European Commission adopted a legislative package aimed at ensuring the continuation of the current common agricultural policy (CAP) until the legislation on the post 2020 CAP is in force. The package includes a proposal for a CAP transitional regulation setting out a number of adjustments to current CAP regulations, concerning their applicability beyond 2020 with new financial allocations. This proposal introduces transitional provisions and amendments that are necessary to ensure the continuity of the CAP through a transitional period between policy cycles and to smooth the passage to the new policy framework envisaged by the post 2020 CAP proposals. It concerns all the basic acts which regulate how the CAP now works. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

CAP amending regulation (CMO)

14-10-2020

The 'amending regulation' is part of a set of three legislative proposals presented by the European Commission with the aim of reshaping and modernising the EU's common agricultural policy (CAP) for 2021 to 2027. It introduces changes to five regulations, including regarding the single common market organisation (CMO). Based on the work of the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (AGRI) during the previous legislative term, Parliament is expected to debate the framework ...

The 'amending regulation' is part of a set of three legislative proposals presented by the European Commission with the aim of reshaping and modernising the EU's common agricultural policy (CAP) for 2021 to 2027. It introduces changes to five regulations, including regarding the single common market organisation (CMO). Based on the work of the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (AGRI) during the previous legislative term, Parliament is expected to debate the framework during the October II plenary session and adopt its position for negotiations with the Council.

CAP strategic plans

14-10-2020

The European Commission adopted three legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. One of the three proposals includes a regulation on CAP strategic plans. While the CAP retains its two-pillar structure, (Pillar I, agricultural income and market support, Pillar II rural development), interventions under both will be combined in one strategic plan for all CAP expenditure. Each Member State will be required to develop a strategic plan, setting out their ...

The European Commission adopted three legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) on 1 June 2018. One of the three proposals includes a regulation on CAP strategic plans. While the CAP retains its two-pillar structure, (Pillar I, agricultural income and market support, Pillar II rural development), interventions under both will be combined in one strategic plan for all CAP expenditure. Each Member State will be required to develop a strategic plan, setting out their proposed interventions. The CAP proposals package is scheduled for debate and vote during the October II plenary session.

Financial management of the future CAP

14-10-2020

In the context of the future EU multiannual budget, the European Commission put forward a proposal on the financing, management and monitoring of EU farm policy on 1 June 2018, as part of a CAP reform package of three legislative proposals. Since then, discussions have highlighted the need to maintain at least the current level of agricultural expenditure, as well as to simplify the procedures while adapting them to the future CAP delivery model. The CAP proposals are scheduled for debate and vote ...

In the context of the future EU multiannual budget, the European Commission put forward a proposal on the financing, management and monitoring of EU farm policy on 1 June 2018, as part of a CAP reform package of three legislative proposals. Since then, discussions have highlighted the need to maintain at least the current level of agricultural expenditure, as well as to simplify the procedures while adapting them to the future CAP delivery model. The CAP proposals are scheduled for debate and vote during the October II plenary session.

Commitments made at the hearing of Janusz WOJCIECHOWSKI, Commissioner-designate - Agriculture

22-11-2019

The Commissioner-designate, Janusz Wojciechowski, appeared before the European Parliament on 1 and 8 October 2019 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. During the hearings, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission. His future task will be focused on building a modern ...

The Commissioner-designate, Janusz Wojciechowski, appeared before the European Parliament on 1 and 8 October 2019 to answer questions put by MEPs from the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. During the hearings, he made a number of commitments which are highlighted in this document. These commitments refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission. His future task will be focused on building a modern and sustainable agriculture, including: - Concluding negotiations on a simplifed Common Agricultural Policy post 2020 and ensuring that its future Strategic Plans strike a balance between EU-wide objectives and national priorities; - Contributing to the EU “Farm to Fork strategy” looking at how the agri-food sector can improve the sustainability accross the agri-food supply chain, including through organic production; - Ensuring that agri-food production contributes to EU climate, environmental and biodiversity goals; - Strengthening the system of geographical indications and developing a new long-term vision for rural areas under the Strategic Plans post 2020; - Promoting Europe’s high-quality food standards worlwide.

Politische Maßnahmen der EU im Interesse der Bürger: Landwirtschaft

28-06-2019

Die Gemeinsame Agrarpolitik (GAP) ist einer der ältesten gemeinsamen Politikbereiche der EU. Ihre Bedeutung zeigt sich an dem Anteil, den sie am EU-Haushalt hat, der sich auf insgesamt rund 40 % beläuft. Sie wurde zu einer Zeit entwickelt, in der Europa nicht in der Lage war, einen Großteil seines Bedarfs an Lebensmitteln zu decken, und in der es notwendig war, den Landwirten durch Preisgarantien Anreize zu bieten, Nahrungsmittel zu produzieren. Die Politik wurde regelmäßig Reformen unterzogen und ...

Die Gemeinsame Agrarpolitik (GAP) ist einer der ältesten gemeinsamen Politikbereiche der EU. Ihre Bedeutung zeigt sich an dem Anteil, den sie am EU-Haushalt hat, der sich auf insgesamt rund 40 % beläuft. Sie wurde zu einer Zeit entwickelt, in der Europa nicht in der Lage war, einen Großteil seines Bedarfs an Lebensmitteln zu decken, und in der es notwendig war, den Landwirten durch Preisgarantien Anreize zu bieten, Nahrungsmittel zu produzieren. Die Politik wurde regelmäßig Reformen unterzogen und hat sich im Lauf der Jahre weiterentwickelt. Diese Reformen zielten darauf ab, die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des Agrarsektors zu steigern, die ländliche Entwicklung zu fördern und neue Herausforderungen in bestimmten Bereichen, beispielsweise Umwelt und Klimawandel, bewältigen zu können. Die Ergebnisse einer Reihe von Eurobarometer-Umfragen legen den Schluss nahe, dass dieser Politikbereich einen hohen Bekanntheitswert bei den EU-Bürgern hat. Es ist allgemein anerkannt, dass die Politik den Erwartungen der Bürger im Hinblick auf die Erzeugung qualitativ hochwertiger Nahrungsmittel sowie auf ihren Beitrag zum Umweltschutz gerecht wird. Was die Landwirtschaft anbelangt, lag der Schwerpunkt der achten Legislaturperiode des Parlaments darauf, nicht nur die Umsetzung der jüngsten GAP-Reform aus dem Jahr 2013 voranzutreiben, sondern auch eine Reihe wesentlicher legislativer Fortschritte zu erzielen. Die berücksichtigten Bereiche umfassten zum Beispiel unlautere Handelspraktiken, die Tier- und Pflanzengesundheit und den ökologischen/biologischen Sektor sowie politikbezogene Vereinfachungsmaßnahmen. Im nichtlegislativen Bereich hat das Parlament seine Kontrollfunktion rigoros ausgeübt. Andere während der letzten Legislaturperiode vom Parlament behandelte Themen waren unter anderem die Festlegung der zukünftigen strategischen Ausrichtung der GAP für den Zeitraum nach 2020, die Festlegung seines Standpunkts zum nächsten mehrjährigen Finanzrahmen (MFR), einschließlich der Verteilung der Gesamthaushaltsmittel für die künftige GAP, und der damit zusammenhängende Rechtsrahmen. Der zuletzt genannte Punkt wurde dem Plenum noch nicht zur Abstimmung vorgelegt. Dies ist eine Aktualisierung eines früheren Briefings, das im Vorfeld der Wahlen zum Europäischen Parlament im Jahr 2019 herausgegeben wurde.

The EU dairy sector: Main features, challenges and prospects

17-12-2018

The EU dairy sector is the second biggest agricultural sector in the EU, representing more than 12 % of total agricultural output. While milk is produced in all Member States, farm and herd sizes, yields and types of farming vary widely across Europe, from free-range farming in Alpine areas to large specialised dairy farms in the north-west and centre of Europe. In 2016, 157 million tonnes of milk were delivered to dairies, where raw milk is processed into fresh products such as cheese or butter. ...

The EU dairy sector is the second biggest agricultural sector in the EU, representing more than 12 % of total agricultural output. While milk is produced in all Member States, farm and herd sizes, yields and types of farming vary widely across Europe, from free-range farming in Alpine areas to large specialised dairy farms in the north-west and centre of Europe. In 2016, 157 million tonnes of milk were delivered to dairies, where raw milk is processed into fresh products such as cheese or butter. Part of the common agricultural policy, the EU's dairy policy consists of a range of instruments designed to support farmers and address market imbalances. In particular, it includes common market organisation, public intervention and private storage provisions, direct payments and rural development measures. The policy has been constantly updated over time, one recent development being the suppression of milk quotas in 2015. The 2014 to 2016 crisis, during which raw milk prices dropped dramatically from around 40 to 25.7 cents per litre, triggered a reaction by the Commission based on public intervention-buying, private storage and a range of exceptional measures. Two aid packages were adopted, including incentives for farmers to reduce production. Recovery was in sight by 2017. In the coming years, growing EU and global demand is expected to support world dairy markets, without hindering price fluctuations and market imbalances. Resilience and sustainability are key words for the future of the sector. This can be achieved with innovation, as a way to reconcile the need for farmers to earn a decent living, consumer demand for affordable and quality dairy products, and environmental/animal health requirements.

Research for AGRI Committee – New competition rules for the agri-food chain in the CAP post 2020

14-09-2018

In connection with the next reform of the CAP post 2020, the Commission has proposed a new Regulation (COM(2018)394 of 1 June 2018) on the common market organisation, amending Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of 13 December 2013 (amended by Regulation (EU) No 2017/2393 of 13 December 2017). This draft regulation does not, however, cover questions on the relationship between the CAP and competition; the proposal does not contain any provisions concerning the responsibilities of professional and interbranch ...

In connection with the next reform of the CAP post 2020, the Commission has proposed a new Regulation (COM(2018)394 of 1 June 2018) on the common market organisation, amending Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of 13 December 2013 (amended by Regulation (EU) No 2017/2393 of 13 December 2017). This draft regulation does not, however, cover questions on the relationship between the CAP and competition; the proposal does not contain any provisions concerning the responsibilities of professional and interbranch organisations and the possible conditions of their submission to competition rules. The recent Omnibus Regulation (EU) No 2017/2393 has made changes to the legal framework for the application of competition rules to the agreements and practices of farmers and their associations. However, this new legislative framework is not yet entirely consistent and, in the light of the Court of Justice judgment handed down on 14 November 2017 in the Endive case, the progress ought to be consolidated and clarified in order to guarantee the real effectiveness of these provisions and greater legal certainty for operators. This study analyses the development of the relationship between the CAP and the competition rules and highlights the need to take corrective action with respect to current farming legislation to ensure that the CAP has primacy over the competition rules and the implementation of the objectives set out in Article 39 of the Treaty.

Externe Autor

C. Del Cont; A. Iannarelli

Research for AGRI Committee - Towards the CAP post 2020 - Appraisal of the EC Communication on ‘The Future of Food and Farming’ of 29 November 2017

15-05-2018

This study assesses the European Commission’s plans for CAP reform as set out in November 2017 and subsequently. It discusses the extent to which those plans address the performance of the CAP against its objectives, compares them with the views and ideas of stakeholders and makes recommendations.

This study assesses the European Commission’s plans for CAP reform as set out in November 2017 and subsequently. It discusses the extent to which those plans address the performance of the CAP against its objectives, compares them with the views and ideas of stakeholders and makes recommendations.

Externe Autor

D. Mottershead, K. Hart, A. Maréchal, S. Meredith, A. Lorant, F. Bas-Defossez, D. Baldock (IEEP), J-C. Bureau, A. Matthews

Research for AGRI Committee - Young farmers - Policy implementation after the 2013 CAP reform

16-10-2017

This report provides information regarding the state of implementation of the current CAP young farmers’ mechanism. The different implementation styles of the Members States are described and the currently implemented policy tools are evaluated. Based on the secondary analysis and case studies, several policy recommendations are formulated, aimed at improving the existing support scheme and assisting young farmers to deal with the major barriers to entering agriculture.

This report provides information regarding the state of implementation of the current CAP young farmers’ mechanism. The different implementation styles of the Members States are described and the currently implemented policy tools are evaluated. Based on the secondary analysis and case studies, several policy recommendations are formulated, aimed at improving the existing support scheme and assisting young farmers to deal with the major barriers to entering agriculture.

Externe Autor

Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic: Lukáš Zagata, Jiří Hrabák, Michal Lošťák, Miroslava Bavorová Technology Centre of the Czech Academy of Science: Tomáš Ratinger The James Hutton Institute, Scotland UK: Lee-Ann Sutherland, Annie McKee

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