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Luftverschmutzung und Lärmbelastung

01-02-2018

Luftverschmutzung und übermäßiger Lärm schaden unserer Gesundheit und der Umwelt. Luftverschmutzung ist hauptsächlich auf die Industrie, den Verkehr, die Energieerzeugung und die Landwirtschaft zurückzuführen. Die Luftqualitätsstrategie der EU zielt darauf ab, bis 2020 die uneingeschränkte Einhaltung der geltenden Rechtsvorschriften zur Luftqualität zu erreichen, und enthält langfristige Ziele bis 2030. Die Richtlinie über Umgebungslärm trägt dazu bei, die Lärmpegel in der EU zu ermitteln und die ...

Luftverschmutzung und übermäßiger Lärm schaden unserer Gesundheit und der Umwelt. Luftverschmutzung ist hauptsächlich auf die Industrie, den Verkehr, die Energieerzeugung und die Landwirtschaft zurückzuführen. Die Luftqualitätsstrategie der EU zielt darauf ab, bis 2020 die uneingeschränkte Einhaltung der geltenden Rechtsvorschriften zur Luftqualität zu erreichen, und enthält langfristige Ziele bis 2030. Die Richtlinie über Umgebungslärm trägt dazu bei, die Lärmpegel in der EU zu ermitteln und die notwendigen Maßnahmen zu ergreifen, um diese Pegel auf ein hinnehmbares Maß zu senken. Für Luftverschmutzung und Lärmbelastung aus bestimmten Quellen gelten besondere Rechtsvorschriften.

US Supreme Court puts Clean Power Plan on hold

26-02-2016

In August 2015, the Obama administration promulgated a landmark regulation known as the Clean Power Plan (CPP), to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fossil-fuelled power plants. Soon after the publication of the CPP in the Federal Register, state and industry petitioners contended that the administration had exceeded its authority under the Clean Air Act (CAA), violated the historic and legal authority of the states, and imposed unmanageable restructuring of the power sector. In February ...

In August 2015, the Obama administration promulgated a landmark regulation known as the Clean Power Plan (CPP), to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fossil-fuelled power plants. Soon after the publication of the CPP in the Federal Register, state and industry petitioners contended that the administration had exceeded its authority under the Clean Air Act (CAA), violated the historic and legal authority of the states, and imposed unmanageable restructuring of the power sector. In February 2016, the US Supreme Court – the highest US court with unique authority over constitutional and federal affairs – temporarily suspended President Barack Obama's landmark carbon-emissions regulation for existing stationary sources.

The ILVA Industrial Site in Taranto

15-10-2015

This in-depth analysis summarises information on the case of environmental non-compliance of the ILVA steel plant situated in Taranto, Southern Italy. It discusses the economic importance of the plant and the environmental and health impacts resulting from its operation. It also presents an overview of actions taken in relation to the plant by EU bodies and Italian authorities and courts so far. This report was provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and ...

This in-depth analysis summarises information on the case of environmental non-compliance of the ILVA steel plant situated in Taranto, Southern Italy. It discusses the economic importance of the plant and the environmental and health impacts resulting from its operation. It also presents an overview of actions taken in relation to the plant by EU bodies and Italian authorities and courts so far. This report was provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Externe Autor

Grazia Maria Vagliasindi (University of Cania) and Christiane Gerstetter (Ecologic Institute)

Luftverschmutzung durch mittelgroße Feuerungsanlagen

28-09-2015

Trotz Verbesserungen in den letzten Jahrzehnten ist die Luftverschmutzung in Europa weiterhin ein großes Problem. Um dieses Problem anzugehen, legte die Kommission im Jahr 2013 einen Vorschlag zur Begrenzung der Emissionen von Luftschadstoffen aus mittelgroßen Feuerungsanlagen vor, für die es derzeit auf der Ebene der EU keine Rechtsvorschriften gibt. In den Verhandlungen mit dem Rat über eine Einigung in erster Lesung wurde ein Kompromiss erzielt, über den nun im Plenum abgestimmt werden soll.

Trotz Verbesserungen in den letzten Jahrzehnten ist die Luftverschmutzung in Europa weiterhin ein großes Problem. Um dieses Problem anzugehen, legte die Kommission im Jahr 2013 einen Vorschlag zur Begrenzung der Emissionen von Luftschadstoffen aus mittelgroßen Feuerungsanlagen vor, für die es derzeit auf der Ebene der EU keine Rechtsvorschriften gibt. In den Verhandlungen mit dem Rat über eine Einigung in erster Lesung wurde ein Kompromiss erzielt, über den nun im Plenum abgestimmt werden soll.

Post-2020 reform of the EU Emissions Trading System

18-09-2015

In July 2015, the European Commission proposed a reform of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) for the period 2021-30, following the guidance set by the October 2014 European Council. The proposed directive introduces a new limit on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the ETS sector to achieve the EU climate targets for 2030, new rules for addressing carbon leakage, and provisions for funding innovation and modernisation in the energy sector. It encourages Member States to compensate for indirect ...

In July 2015, the European Commission proposed a reform of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) for the period 2021-30, following the guidance set by the October 2014 European Council. The proposed directive introduces a new limit on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the ETS sector to achieve the EU climate targets for 2030, new rules for addressing carbon leakage, and provisions for funding innovation and modernisation in the energy sector. It encourages Member States to compensate for indirect carbon costs. In combination with the Market Stability Reserve agreed in May 2015, the proposed reform sets out the EU ETS rules for the period up to 2030, giving greater certainty to industry and to investors. The Commission proposal has been transmitted to the Council and Parliament, as well as the advisory committees. Initial stakeholder reactions have focussed on the carbon leakage provisions and the arrangements for compensating indirect costs. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Review of the Air Quality Policy Framework: Initial Appraisal of the Commission's Impact Assessment

15-04-2014

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying a Communication on a Clean Air Programme for Europe, a proposal for a Directive regulating air emissions from Medium Combustion Plants, a proposal for a Directive on the reduction of national emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants, and a proposal for a Decision on the Amendment to the 1999 Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Trans boundary ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying a Communication on a Clean Air Programme for Europe, a proposal for a Directive regulating air emissions from Medium Combustion Plants, a proposal for a Directive on the reduction of national emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants, and a proposal for a Decision on the Amendment to the 1999 Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Trans boundary Air Pollution (COM (2013) 918; COM (2013) 919; COM (2013) 920; COM (2013)917), submitted in January 2014. It analyses whether the principal criteria laid down in the Commission’s own Impact Assessment Guidelines, as well as additional factors identified by the Parliament in its Impact Assessment Handbook, appear to be met by the IA. It does not attempt to deal with the substance of the proposal. It is drafted for informational and background purposes to assist the relevant parliamentary committee and Members more widely in their work.

Workshop Report on 'The Functioning of the ETS and the Flexible Mechanisms' - Brussels, 22 March 2011

14-04-2011

In 2003, the EU established a ‘cap & trade’ emissions trading system (EU ETS) for greenhouse gas emissions of large industrial sources such as power plants and steel works. Covered installations need a tradable allowance for each tonne of their emissions. To ensure a reduction the cap is constantly reduced. The workshop discussed the basic functioning of the EU ETS and how emission reduction projects outside the EU, so called Flexible Mechanisms, can be used for compliance.

In 2003, the EU established a ‘cap & trade’ emissions trading system (EU ETS) for greenhouse gas emissions of large industrial sources such as power plants and steel works. Covered installations need a tradable allowance for each tonne of their emissions. To ensure a reduction the cap is constantly reduced. The workshop discussed the basic functioning of the EU ETS and how emission reduction projects outside the EU, so called Flexible Mechanisms, can be used for compliance.

Externe Autor

Martin Cames, Felix Chr. Matthes and Sean Healy (Öko Institut)

Assessing the Commission’s Proposal on Carbon Capture and Storage - Workshop 28 May 2008

16-06-2008

This workshop was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

This workshop was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

Externe Autor

Jason Anderson (Institute for International and European Environmental Policy - IEEP)

Simplifying EU Environmental Policy

08-04-2007

Externe Autor

Andrew Farmer, IEEP

Protection of the Baltic Sea in View of Enlargement

01-02-2002

The Baltic Sea is the largest brackish-water area in the world and amongst the most polluted seas. The state of its marine habitat is a reflection of natural and human factors such as: the limited water exchange with adjacent seas, the formation of salinity and temperature barriers between surface and bottom water, the continuous pressure of pollution and overexploitation from human activities. The Baltic Sea Region has become one of the most dynamic regions in Europe with good perspectives for economic ...

The Baltic Sea is the largest brackish-water area in the world and amongst the most polluted seas. The state of its marine habitat is a reflection of natural and human factors such as: the limited water exchange with adjacent seas, the formation of salinity and temperature barriers between surface and bottom water, the continuous pressure of pollution and overexploitation from human activities. The Baltic Sea Region has become one of the most dynamic regions in Europe with good perspectives for economic development, but as a very sensitive environment it needs special protection. One of the most exciting challenges of the enlargement is ensuring that the environmental protection in the new members will be at least as high as in the old members. As a shared water resource, the Baltic Sea will be one of the first beneficiaries of this challenge. This study attempts to show that co-operation between the Baltic States will have a positive impact on ensuring protection of the environment in the region.

Externe Autor

Chiara Scalabrino (former Ramón y Cajal scholar)

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